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This Review contains major "Bismuth"- related terms, short phrases and links grouped together in the form of Encyclopedia article.
- Bismuth is a chemical element in the periodic table that has the symbol Bi and atomic number 83.
- Bismuth is a silver-white, reddish-tinged, brittle metallic element with a rhombohedral crystalline structure.
- Bismuth is used as an alloying agent in production of malleable irons.
- Bismuth is used in producing malleable irons and is finding use as a catalyst for making acrylic fibers.
- Bismuth is a metallic chemical element with atomic weight 208.98038 amu.
- Lead-free bismuth compounds are used in cosmetics and in medical procedures.
- When deposited in sufficiently thin layers on a substrate, bismuth is a semiconductor, rather than a poor metal.
- Almost all compounds of bismuth contain trivalent bismuth.
- Bismuth subnitrate is a component of glaze s that produces an iridescent luster finish.
- Sometimes call Eka-bismuth. Ununquadium Uuq Ununquadium is a IUPAC systematic element name.
- Four more elements were probably known and were unmistakably described by the medieval alchemists: arsenic, antimony, bismuth, and zinc.
- Claude Geoffroy le Jeune bismuth ore wanted (Claude Geoffroy the younger) showed in 1753 that bismuth antimony this metal is distinct from lead.
- Bi Bismuth is a brittle metal which is silvery in colour with a pink tinge.
- Bismuth 83 White crystalline metal with a pink tinge, belongs to group 15.
- Bismuth glance, bismuth sulphide; bismuthinite.
- Bismuthinite is a mineral consisting of bismuth sulfide (Bi 2 S 3). It is an important ore for bismuth.
- Fabrique Nationale de Herstal uses bismuth in the projectiles for its FN 303 less-lethal riot gun.
- No other metal is more naturally diamagnetic (as opposed to superdiamagnetic) than bismuth, and it has a high electrical resistance.
- Bismuth oxychloride is extensively used in cosmetics and bismuth subnitrate and subcarbonate are used in medicine.
- Bismuth phosphomolybdate is a catalyst in the production of acrylonitrile, an important raw material for fibres and plastics.
- Elemental bismuth is one of very few substances of which the liquid phase is denser than its solid phase (water being the best-known example).
- The average price for bismuth in 2000 was US$ 7.70 per kilogram.
- Bismuth telluride is an excellent thermoelectric material; it is widely used.
- While bismuth was traditionally regarded as the element with the heaviest stable isotope, it had long been suspected to be unstable on theoretical grounds.
- Also, the product Bibrocathol is an organic molecule containing Bismuth and is used to treat eye infections.
- The average price for bismuth in 2000 was US$ 3.50 per pound.
- They did this by bombarding bismuth -204 with heavy nuclei of chromium -54.
- Among the heavy metals, bismuth trioxide it is the heaviest and the only non-toxic (disputed — see talk page).
- In 2005, China was the top producer of bismuth with at least 40% of the world share followed by Mexico and Peru, reports the British Geological Survey.
- Canada, Bolivia, Japan, Mexico, bismuth shot reloading and Peru are major bismuth crystals producers.
- Many bismuth alloys have low melting points and are widely used for fire detection and suppression system safety devices.
- Bismuth is relatively nontoxic and has a low melting point, so crystals may be grown using a household stove.
- When combusted with oxygen, bismuth burns with a blue flame and its oxide forms yellow fumes.
- Bismuth does not tarnish in air, but when heated it burns to form yellow fumes of the trioxide.
- He was able to show that cobalt was the source of the blue color in glasses, which previously had been attributed to the bismuth found with cobalt.
- This unprecedented event reflects an extreme scarcity of bismuth, perhaps temporary.
- Thus world bismuth production from refineries is a more complete and reliable statistic.
- The difference between world bismuth mine production and refinery production reflects bismuth's status as a byproduct metal.
- The melt is treated in a reverberatory furnace with air, steam, and sulfur, which oxidizes the contaminants except silver, gold, and bismuth.
- Most diamagnetic of all metals, bismuth has the lowest thermal conductivity of all the elements except mercury.
- The most important ores of bismuth are bismuthinite and bismite.
- A rare radioactive metalloid, polonium is chemically similar to tellurium and bismuth and occurs in uranium ores.
- Artificial bismuth was commonly used in place of the actual mineral.
- Bismuth expands upon solidification; this unusual property makes it useful in type-metal alloys and for castings.
- Because bismuth expands on freezing, it was long an important component of low-melting typesetting alloys, which needed to expand to fill printing molds.
- In the Earth's crust, bismuth is about twice as abundant as gold.
- Bismuth will behave similarly with another of its major metals, copper.
- Bismuth subsalicylate (the active ingredient in Pepto-Bismol) is used as an antidiarrheal and to treat some other gastro-intestinal diseases.
- Bismuth subsalicylate is a bright pink liquid used as an antidiarrheal.
- An alternative is to start bismuth subsalicylate (1 oz every 30 minutes for eight doses).
- Also, bismuth subgallate (the active ingredient in Devrom) is used as an internal deodorant to treat malodor from flatulence (or gas) and stool.
- Bismuth subgallate (the active ingredient in Devrom) is used as an internal deodorant to treat malodor from flatulence (or gas) and feces.
- The fact that bismuth and many of its alloys expand slightly when they solidify make them ideal for this purpose.
- The fact that bismuth and many of its alloys expand slightly when they freeze make them ideal for this purpose.
- The lack of malleability does, however, make bismuth unsuitable for use in expanding hunting bullets.
- Bismuth(III) oxide, carbonate, or subnitrate in crackling microstars (dragon's eggs) in pyrotechnics Replacement for lead in shot and bullets.
- Bismuth produced in the United States is obtained as a by-product of copper, gold, lead, silver, tin and especially lead ore processing.
- Bismuth is mainly a byproduct of lead ore processing.
- A carrier for U -235 or U-233 fuel in nuclear reactors Bismuth has also been used in solders.
- As noted above, bismuth has been used in solders; its low toxicity will be especially important for solders to be used in food processing equipment.
- Hirsh was certain that eka-caesium would not be found in nature, and that Hulubei had instead observed mercury or bismuth X-ray lines.
- Though virtually unseen in nature, high-purity bismuth can form distinctive hopper crystals.
- Due to bismuth's crystalline nature, the bismuth bullets shatter into a non-toxic powder on impact, making recovery and recycling easy.
- Owing to its extraordinarily long half-life, for nearly all applications bismuth can be treated as if it is stable and non-radioactive.
- Due to this phenomenal half-life, reloading bismuth bismuth can be treated interesting facts about bismuth as if it is stable and non-radioactive.
- As with lead, overexposure to bismuth can result in the formation of a black deposit on the gingiva, known as a bismuth line.
- Anatomical alloy is a fusible alloy consisting of 53.5 per cent bismuth, 19 percent tin, 17 per cent lead and 10.5 per cent mercury.
- One of the most modern uses for bismuth is as a replacement for the more toxic lead in metal alloys and solder.
- Bismuth oxychloride is sometimes used in cosmetics.
- Bismuth is sometimes used in the production of shot and shotgun slugs.
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