Review of Short Phrases and Links|
This Review contains major "Cadmium"- related terms, short phrases and links grouped together in the form of Encyclopedia article.
- Cadmium is a lustrous, silver-white, ductile, very malleable metal.
- Cadmium is used in alkaline nickel-cadmium electric storage cells, which have a greater storage capacity than an equal weight of lead-acid storage cells.
- Cadmium is a common impurity in zinc, and it is most often isolated during the production of zinc.
- Cadmium is also a potential environmental hazard.
- Cadmium is a soft, malleable, ductile, toxic, bluish-white bivalent metal.
- It is used in the nickel-cadmium (NiCad) storage battery.
- Nickel Cadmium Battery — A battery containing nickel and cadmium plates and an alkaline electrolyte.
- The company stocks nickel cadmium, nickel metal hydride, sealed lead acid, lithium, and alkaline batteries.
- Offer lead acid, nickel cadmium, nickel metal hydride batteries and battery chargers and power supplies.
- Despite the high cadmium content in cigarette smoke, there seems to be little exposure to cadmium from passive smoking.
- Tobacco smoking is the most important single source of cadmium exposure in the general population.
- No significant effect on blood cadmium concentrations could be detected in children exposed to environmental tobacco smoke.
- Cadmium is also carcinogenic in the pancreas.
- Documents the adverse health effects from acute and chronic exposure to cadmium in both humans and animals.
- Cadmium telluride, polycrystalline 16% - glass or metal substrate Copper indium arsenide diselenide, polycrystalline 18% 10% 10 inch flexible polymer web.
- Alloyed with both cadmium and mercury, to form mercury cadmium telluride, an infrared sensitive semiconductor material is formed.
- Cadmium forms various salts, with cadmium sulfide being the most common.
- Cadmium does not occur uncombined in nature; greenockite, a cadmium sulfide mineral first found in Scotland, is the only commercial ore.
- Cadmium sulfate and cadmium sulfide are used in pigments, fluorescent screens, in photoelectric cells, and in electroplating.
- Inhalation of cadmium-containing fumes can result initially in metal fume fever but may progress to chemical pneumonitis, pulmonary edema, and death.
- Animal studies have demonstrated an increase in lung cancer from long-term inhalation exposure to cadmium.
- Ingestion of any significant amount of cadmium causes immediate poisoning and damage to the liver and the kidneys.
- The suitability of DL-alpha-lipoic acid (LA) to serve as an antidote in cadmium (Cd) toxicity in rat hepatocytes was investigated.
- Cadmium can cause liver and kidney damage if taken in sufficient amounts.
- Cadmium is taken up and retained by aquatic and terrestrial plants and is then transferred to animals, where the cadmium deposits in the liver and kidneys.
- Rechargeable batteries, such as nickel metal hydride batteries and nickel cadmium batteries.
- Manufactures batteries including lithium, alkaline, nickel cadmium and nickel metal hydride specialising in button cells.
- Manufactures and distributes primary batteries, nickel cadmium (NiCd), nickel metal hydride(NiMH)and battery packs.
- In 1927, the International Conference on Weights and Measures redefined the meter in terms of a red cadmium spectral line (1m = 1,553,164.13 wavelengths).
- Cadmium selenide can be used as red pigment, commonly called cadmium red.
- Used in some semiconductors such as cadmium sulfide, cadmium selenide, and cadmium telluride, which can be used for light detection or solar cells.
- Cadmium and several cadmium-containing compounds are known carcinogens and can induce many types of cancer .
- Some cadmium compounds are employed in PVC as stabilizers.
- Among the isotopes absent in the natural cadmium, the most long-lived are 109 Cd with a half-life of 462.6 days, and 115 Cd with a half-life of 53.46 hours.
- There is no such thing as cadmium blue, green or violet.
- The isotopes of cadmium range in atomic weight from 96.935 amu (Cd-97) to 129.934 amu (Cd-138).
- The known isotopes of cadmium range in atomic mass from 94.950 u ( 95 Cd) to 131.946 u ( 132 Cd).
- While working with cadmium it is important to do so under a fume hood to protect against dangerous fumes.
- The cadmium caused the zinc carbonate to turn yellow when heated.
- When heated to decomposition, it emits toxic fumes of cadmium, hydrofluoric acid, and other fluorinated compounds.
- Cadmium-containing ores are rare and when found they occur in small quantities.
- A relatively rare, soft, bluish-white, transition metal, cadmium is known to cause cancer and occurs with zinc ores.
- A relatively rare, soft, bluish-white, toxic transition metal, cadmium occurs with zinc ores and is used largely in batteries.
- The primary decay products before Ag-107 are palladium (element 46) isotopes and the primary products after are cadmium (element 48) isotopes.
- In 1997, only two companies produced primary cadmium in the United States-the electrolytic plants in Sauget, IL, and Clarksville, TN (USDOI, 1997).
- Serious toxicity problems have resulted from long-term exposure to cadmium plating baths.
- However, there have been notable instances of toxicity as the result of long-term exposure to cadmium in contaminated food and water.
- Long-term exposure to lower levels of cadmium in air, food, or water leads to a buildup of cadmium in the kidneys and possible kidney disease.
- Cadmium ( Latin cadmia, Greek kadmeia meaning " calamine ") was discovered in Germany in 1817 by Friedrich Strohmeyer.
- Cadmium, a soft, malleable, ductile, bluish-white metal, was discovered in Germany in 1817 and for 100 years Germany remained the only important producer.
- Small amounts of cadmium, about 10% of consumption, are produced from secondary sources, mainly from dust generated by recycling iron and steel scrap.
- Inhaling cadmium laden dust quickly leads to respiratory tract and kidney problems which can be fatal (often from renal failure).
- Cadmium yellow (the sulfide) is a very durable yellow pigment used in paints.
- To painters that work with the pigment, cadmium yellows, oranges, and reds are the most potent colours to use.
- Failure to appreciate the toxic properties of cadmium may cause workers to be unwittingly exposed to dangerous fumes.
- The health of battery workers exposed to cadmium oxide dust.
- About this toxicology lab specializing in economical blood lead and cadmium testing for children and industry workers.
- Compounds containing cadmium are used in black and white television phosphors and also in the blue and green phosphors for color television picture tubes.
- Compounds containing cadmium are also carcinogenic.
- Production in the United States began in 1907 but it was not until after World War I that cadmium came into wide use.
- In the decades following World War II, Japanese mining operations contaminated the Jinzu River with cadmium and traces of other toxic metals.
- Cadmium oxide, a brown powder formed by burning the metal in air, is used in electroplating; it is also made by heating cadmium hydroxide.
- On average, smokers have 4-5 times higher blood cadmium concentrations and 2-3 times higher kidney cadmium concentrations than non-smokers.
- The highly monochromatic color arises from the 441.563 nm transition line of cadmium.
- Almost all cadmium is obtained as a by-product in the treatment of zinc, copper, and lead ores.
- Most cadmium is obtained as a by-product from zinc refinement.
- Cadmium is obtained principally as a byproduct of the smelting and refining of ores of zinc, especially zinc sulfides, and of lead and copper.
- Cadmium is extracted from these ores during the smelting process, or with the assistance of chemicals such as sulfuric acid.
- Slide 11: Cadmium is also a potential environmental hazard.
- Identifies a potential health hazard in the aircraft servicing, repairing, and maintenance industry resulting from exposure to cadmium dust.
- Cadmium may also interfere with biological processes containing magnesium and calcium in a similar fashion.
- Due to these similarities, cadmium can replace zinc in many biological systems, in particular, systems that contain softer ligands such as sulfur.
- Cadmium can bind up to ten times more strongly than zinc in certain biological systems, and is notoriously difficult to remove.
- As noted above, cadmium is mitogenic to pancreatic cells (79) .
- As noted above, extremely high levels of cadmium have been detected in Louisiana seafood (36) .
- The major use of cadmium is as a coating that is electroplated on iron and steel to prevent corrosion; it is preferable to zinc for protection from alkalies.
- Cadmium based solders must be handled with care to prevent cadmium poisoning.
- Cadmium as a Commodity - This was a -dot gov- site as well.
- This site, as the title hints, is about cars and how cadmium can be used.
- Like the Wikipedia site that I found, this gave me a broad overview of everything that I needed to know about Cadmium.
- Cadmium forms a carbonate, a chloride, and several complex ions.
- The sulfate anion, SO 4 2--- Sulfides (S 2---), a complex family of compounds usually derived from S 2---. Cadmium sulfide (CdS) is an example.
- The most common oxidation state of cadmium is +2, though rare examples of +1 can be found.
- Examples of heavy metals include mercury (Hg), cadmium (Cd), arsenic (As), chromium (Cr), thallium (Tl), and lead (Pb).
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