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  Encyclopedia of Keywords > Chromosomes > Chromosome   Michael Charnine

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    This Review contains major "Chromosome"- related terms, short phrases and links grouped together in the form of Encyclopedia article.


  1. A chromosome is a single, long DNA strand on which thousands of genes, depending on the organism, are encoded. (Web site)
  2. A chromosome is an organized structure consisting of DNA and histones. (Web site)
  3. A chromosome is an organized structure of DNA and protein that is found in cells. (Web site)
  4. A chromosome is composed mainly of DNA. Each normal cell of the human body has 23 pairs of chromosomes. (Web site)
  5. Each chromosome is made up of DNA tightly coiled many times around proteins called histones that support its structure.


  1. When they were integrated with the chromosome theory of inheritance by Thomas Hunt Morgan in 1915, they became the core of classical genetics. (Web site)


  1. Locus-specific probes hybridize to a particular region of a chromosome and are useful for detecting the location of a gene on a chromosome. (Web site)
  2. They followed the fate of the marrow-derived cells (male) by detecting the Y chromosome. (Web site)
  3. Ultimately, CML is diagnosed by detecting the Philadelphia chromosome.


  1. Bone marrow derived cells were identified by the presence of the Y chromosome, which is found only in males. (Web site)
  2. XYY syndrome is a rare genetic disorder caused by the presence of an extra Y chromosome. (Web site)
  3. In addition, some centers have reported that the presence of 2 copies of the ancestral HLA haplotype on chromosome 6 leads to more iron loading. (Web site)


  1. The polycystic kidney disease 1 gene encodes a 14 kb transcript and lies within a duplicated region on chromosome 16.
  2. WAGR Syndrome is caused by defects (mutations) of adjacent genes on a region of chromosome 11 (11p13).
  3. The gene for alkaptonuria has been mapped to chromosome number 3 in the region of bands 3q21- q23.


  1. The human D2 gene has been localized to chromosome 11.
  2. The human D3 gene has been localized to chromosome 3, and, like the genes for D2 receptors, D3 mRNA also occurs in longer and shorter spliced forms.
  3. The human D 5 gene has been localized to chromosome 4.


  1. Fine mapping of a human chromosome 6 ferritin heavy chain pseudogene: relevance to haemochromatosis. (Web site)


  1. Type I also called classic hemochromatosis is due to mutations of HFE, a gene located on chromosome 6. (Web site)
  2. In 1996, HFE, the gene for HHC, was mapped on the short arm of chromosome 6 (6p21.3). (Web site)


  1. Most cases of transient neonatal diabetes appear to be caused by the inheritance of an extra copy of a region of chromosome 6 from the father. (Web site)
  2. Cases with increased abnormal eosinophils in the bone marrow associated with a chromosome 16 abnormality have a favorable prognosis.
  3. In some cases, the chromosome is missing in some cells but not others, a condition referred to as mosaicism[ 2] or 'Turner mosaicism'.


  1. Review [Clinical, genetic and pathological aspects of frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17)] [Rinsho Shinkeigaku. (Web site)
  2. Neuropathological features of frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17q21-22 (FTDP-17): Duke Family 1684. (Web site)


  1. This gives us strong reasons to propose that genes along the chromosome specify the map of the cell, a kind of celluloculus.
  2. A "fitness function" is used to map a CHROMOSOME to a FITNESS value.
  3. Considering conserved synteny, we were able to map the human gene to chromosome 3q in six alkaptonuria pedigrees of Slovak origin. (Web site)


  1. Tandem repeat sequences: Multiple copies of the same base sequence on a chromosome; used as a marker in physical mapping. (Web site)
  2. Mapping of a susceptibility locus for Crohn's disease on chromosome 16.
  3. Mapping of a gene causing familial Mediterranean fever to the short arm of chromosome 16.


  1. In any of these cases, if that egg gets fertilized and becomes a male, the man will get that X chromosome and be color-blind. (Web site)
  2. However, during egg and sperm formation, a mutation can develop in the I2S gene on his X chromosome. (Web site)


  1. For example, an egg or a sperm may receive two copies of the same chromosome. (Web site)
  2. The sperm and egg from the mother and father each contribute one copy of each chromosome.
  3. In the second step, the sperm and egg join to make a single cell, which restores the chromosome number. (Web site)


  1. Males with fragile X syndrome have a defective X chromosome that produces a faulty protein that results in retarded brain development. (Web site)
  2. Fragile X syndrome is caused by a mutated gene on the X chromosome. (Web site)


  1. Less than 10 percent of Turner syndrome results from having the normal number of chromosomes (46 total), but missing a portion of the X chromosome.
  2. In Turner syndrome, cells are missing all or part of an X chromosome.
  3. Turner's syndrome is a genetic disorder caused by a missing X chromosome that occurs only in females. (Web site)


  1. Chromosome walking is employed when we know the sequence but don't have a clone of a gene.
  2. Although emb88is located on chromosome 1, molecular analysis of genomic DNA directly adjacent to the T-DNA left border revealed sequence from chromosome 5. (Web site)
  3. For bacteria, which usually have just one chromosome, a genome project will aim to map the sequence of that chromosome.


  1. Chromosome walking: A technique for cloning everything in the genome around a known piece of DNA (the starting probe). (Web site)
  2. Chromosome 22 has a 48% GC content, whereas chromosome 21 has 41% and the average over the genome is 42%. (Web site)
  3. The genome of Caulobacter crescentus is structured in a circular chromosome and is comprised of 4,016,942 bp encoding for 3,767 genes. (Web site)

Sbds Gene

  1. The SBDS gene resides in a block of genomic sequence that is locally duplicated on the chromosome. (Web site)


  1. Doctors look for chromosome changes in the cells of some leukemias.
  2. Leukemias with certain types of chromosome changes have a poor outlook, while those with other types of genes can have a very good outlook. (Web site)
  3. The leukemia cells may have new chromosome changes, in addition to the Philadelphia chromosome.

Structural Changes

  1. The oxidation of the drug results in the production of reactive intermediates which affect genes and may cause structural changes in the chromosome.

Dna Markers

  1. The aim of this work was to isolate new DNA markers linked to the Silene latifolia Y chromosome.


  1. Association of parathyroid tumors in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 with loss of alleles on chromosome 11.
  2. Certain traits like colorblindness and hemophilia are on alleles carried on the X chromosome.


  1. Haplotype: the combination of genetic markers or alleles found along a region of a chromosome.
  2. For each neighboring site, we then compute its inferred FRC (8), assuming the S variant arose on a single chromosome (haplotype). (Web site)

Hereditary Pancreatitis

  1. Recently, a gene for hereditary pancreatitis, transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait with variable penetrance, has been identified on chromosome 7. (Web site)
  2. The causative gene of hereditary pancreatitis was identified in 1996 through mutational analysis of genes within chromosome 7q35. (Web site)


  1. The gene for antithrombin is located on chromosome 1 band q23.1-23.9, has 7 exons and 6 introns, and is 13.5 kilobases (kb) long.
  2. HeFH patients were found to have one copy of a mutated LDLR gene, which normally is located on chromosome 19p13 and comprises 18 exons. (Web site)


  1. In a few cases, periventricular heterotopia has been associated with abnormalities in chromosome 5.
  2. A specific haplogroup R1a1 defined by the M17 (SNP marker) of the Y chromosome (see:[2] for nomenclature) is associated by some with the Kurgan culture.
  3. It is associated with mutations of the ceruloplasmin (Cp) gene on chromosome 3q (3). (Web site)


  1. Linkage map: A map of the relative positions of genetic loci on a chromosome, determined on the basis of how often the loci are inherited together. (Web site)
  2. Haplotype A way of denoting the collective genotype of a number of closely linked loci on a chromosome. (Web site)
  3. In the context of trisomy detection, the suspected aneuploidy region is usually the entire chromosome and N denotes the number of loci per chromosome. (Web site)

Parkin Gene

  1. Mutations in the parkin gene (PARK2 locus, chromosome 6q) account for up to 50% of AREP families.

Several Mutations

  1. BACKGROUND: AR-JP has been mapped to chromosome 6q and is caused by several mutations of the parkin gene (Park 2). (Web site)
  2. The gene for the X-linked form of Kallmann's syndrome has been mapped to chromosome Xp22.3, 1 and several mutations have been described.


  1. Two genes positioned near one another on a chromosome may encode proteins that figure in the same cellular process or in completely unrelated processes.
  2. Transcription factors (like all proteins) are transcribed from a gene on a chromosome into RNA, and then the RNA is translated into protein. (Web site)
  3. Chromosome: A chromosome is a thread-like structure made up of DNA and proteins. (Web site)


  1. The TSC1 gene, discovered in 1997, is on chromosome 9 and produces a protein called hamartin. (Web site)
  2. TSC1 is located on chromosome 9q34 and encodes for the protein hamartin. (Web site)

Tsc2 Gene

  1. One important research finding was the discovery of the TSC2 gene in close proximity to the gene for polycystic kidney disease (PKD1) on chromosome 16.
  2. The TSC2 gene is located on chromosome 16p13.3 and codes for the 200 kDa protein tuberin containing 1807 amino acids.


  1. A second gene for the disease (TSC2) is located on the short arm (p) of chromosome 16 (16p13.3). (Web site)
  2. The other gene, TSC2, is located on chromosome 16 and is called the tuberin gene.
  3. TSC2 is located on chromosome 16p13.3 and encodes for the protein tuberin.

Particular Gene

  1. At least 200 genes exist on the location of chromosome 9, however, so the research will continue to identify the particular gene responsible for the cancer. (Web site)

Dna Sequence

  1. There are thousands of genes on each chromosome and hundreds of nucleotides in the DNA sequence of each gene.
  2. The DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 6. (Web site)
  3. The DNA sequence of human chromosome 22.


  1. TSC2 is located on chromosome 16 and encodes tuberin [25]. (Web site)
  2. The TSC2 gene, discovered in 1993, is on chromosome 16 and produces the protein tuberin. (Web site)
  3. The second gene (TSC 2) maps to chromosome 16, specifically 16p13, and codes for tuberin. (Web site)


  1. TSC1 is located on chromosome 9 and encodes a protein referred to as hamartin [24]. (Web site)
  2. TSC1, the abnormality is located on chromosome 9q34 and TSC2, the abnormality is located on chromosome 16p13. (Web site)
  3. No missense mutations occur in TSC1. In TSC2, the gene abnormalities are on chromosome 16p13.


  1. Non-disjunction of the sex chromosome during Anaphase I of meiosis ------ Trisomy (47,XXY) Hypogonadism, tall stature, gynecomastia. (Web site)

Klinefelter Syndrome

  1. Context: Klinefelter syndrome is characterized by hypogonadism and infertility, consequent on the presence of extra X chromosome(s). (Web site)
  2. In Klinefelter syndrome, two or more X chromosomes are present in addition to one Y chromosome.
  3. Diagnosis of Klinefelter syndrome is confirmed by examining chromosomes for evidence of more than one X chromosome present in a male. (Web site)


  1. Genetics The gene for Factor VIII is located on the X chromosome (Xq28). (Web site)
  2. Genetics is rife with potentially confusing scientific terminology associated with chromosomes and chromosome number. (Web site)
  3. The notion of the chromosome theory of heredity is very important to the understanding of evolution and genetics. (Web site)


  1. The location (or locus) of a gene and the chromosome on which it is situated is in a sense arbitrary.
  2. One of multiple alternative forms of a single gene, each of which is a viable DNA sequence occupying a given position, or locus on a chromosome.
  3. Linkage of a new locus for autosomal dominant familial spastic paraplegia to chromosome 2p. (Web site)

Linkage Analysis

  1. Linkage analysis with chromosome 9 markers in hereditary essential tremor.


  1. Selective intestinal malabsorption of vitamin B12 displays recessive mendelian inheritance: assignment of a locus to chromosome 10 by linkage.
  2. A gene for limb-girdle muscular dystrophy maps to chromosome 15 by linkage.
  3. Linkage to chromosome 1q has been established recently, but the gene remains unknown. (Web site)

Human Chromosome

  1. The chromosome 1 of assam macaque is a pericentric inversion of human chromosome.
  2. Locus: 6p21.3 The HFE gene is found in region 21.3 on the short (p) arm of human chromosome 6.
  3. It is caused by mutations in the Werner syndrome gene (WRN), which resides on the short arm of human chromosome 8. (Web site)

Hfe Gene

  1. It is an autosomal recessive disorder linked to a mutation of the HFE gene on the short arm of chromosome 6.
  2. Microsatellite analysis showed no linkage of the hemochromatosis phenotype with the short arm of chromosome 6, the site of the HFE gene. (Web site)
  3. Hereditary haemochromatosis is an autosomal-dominant disorder with variable penetrance, and results from a mutation of the HFE gene located on chromosome 6. (Web site)


  1. Identification and characterization of the tuberous sclerosis gene on chromosome 16.
  2. Research of families with hereditary pancreatitis has led to the identification of several mutations in the cationic trypsinogen gene on chromosome 7.
  3. Identification and regional localization of DNA markers on chromosome 7 for the cloning of the cystic fibrosis gene. (Web site)


  1. Chromosomes
  2. Encyclopedia of Keywords > Nature > Life > Gene
  3. Mutations
  4. Males
  5. Science > Biology > Genetics > Dna

Related Keywords

    * Abnormalities * Abnormality * Cell * Cells * Chromosomes * Chromosome 15 * Chromosome 17 * Chromosome 22 * Chromosome Abnormality * Chromosome Walking * Copies * Copy * Cri Du Chat * Cri Du Chat Syndrome * Defect * Deletion * Disease * Disorder * Dna * Extra * Extra Chromosome * Female * Females * Gene * Genes * Genetic * Genetic Disorder * Genetic Disorders * Genetic Linkage * Humans * Inherited * Localization * Long Arm * Male * Males * Marker * Markers * Mutation * Mutations * Part * Philadelphia Chromosome * Result * Results * Sequencing * Short Arm * Syndrome * Tau Gene * Translocation * Trisomy * Trisomy 21
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  Originally created: August 01, 2010.
  Links checked: January 12, 2013.
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