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  Encyclopedia of Keywords > Society > Law > Civil Law   Michael Charnine

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  1. Civil law is the legal system used in most countries around the world today.
  2. Civil law is a term used to describe all legal matters that are not criminal in nature.
  3. Civil law is a world apart from criminal law, and just as complicated.
  4. Civil law is a legal system derived from Roman law and commonly used in Europe .
  5. Civil law is a codified system of law that sets out a comprehensive system of rules that are applied and interpreted by judges.

Civil Law

  1. Ultimately, civil law and praetoric law are fused in the Corpus Juris Civilis.
  2. In later times, civil law became codified as droit coutumier or customary law that were local compilations of legal principles recognized as normative.
  3. With the fall of the Roman empire, the Roman or civil law which survived was heavily influenced by custom.

Common Law

  1. Civil law is primarily contrasted against common law, which is the legal system developed among Anglo-Saxon peoples, especially in England.
  2. Prior to the development of civil law in the U.S. the court systems relied on English common law.
  3. Civil law courts are based upon the judicial system in France, while the common law courts are based on the judicial system in Great Britain.

Roman Law

  1. Civil Law, the system of LAW that evolved from the Roman law compilations of the Emperor Justinian.
  2. For these reasons, many modern civil law systems in Europe and elsewhere are heavily influenced by Roman law.
  3. The civil law system has its origins in Roman law, which was adopted by scholars and courts from the late middle ages onwards.

Legal System

  1. Civil Law, term applied to a legal tradition originating in ancient Rome and to the contemporary legal systems based on this tradition.
  2. The Roman Catholic Church has the oldest continuously functioning legal system in the Western World, predating the common and European civil law traditions.
  3. One meaning of civil law refers to a legal system prevalent in Europe that is based on written codes.


  1. The The Quebec Act, 1774 reinstated French civil law to apply in respect of such matters and the phrase survives in section 92 of the Constitution Act, 1867.
  2. The most significant codifications of modern civil law were the French ( Napoleonic Code) and the German ( German Civil Code).
  3. In France, the civil law is set forth in the comprehensive French Civil Code of 1804, also known as the Code Napoléon.


  1. The idea found in civil law and socialist law that the judiciary does not interpret the law has its origins in both in Roman law times.
  2. Modern civil law systems, which were originally developed in Western European countries, have spread throughout the world.
  3. Civil law judgments are written in a more formalistic style than common law judgments.
  4. Henry Sumner Maine's 1861 compilation of ancient laws dealing with property, inheritance, crime, and civil law.
  5. Stare decisis is unknown to civil law, where judgments rendered by judges only enjoy the "authority of reason".

Legal Scholars

  1. Civil law or Continental law or Romano-Germanic law is the predominant system of law in the world.
  2. Civil law judges administer the codes that are written by legal scholars and enacted by legislators.
  3. Related Topics Civil Law Civil law is a codified system of law that sets out a comprehensive system of rules that are applied and interpreted by judges.
  4. Civil law, on the other hand, is made by legislators who strive to supplement and modernize the codes, usually with the advice of legal scholars.
  5. Information about civil law (2) in Free online English dictionary.


  1. In civil law countries, legislation is seen as the primary source of law.
  2. Fifth, the fact that civil law is still binding is confirmed by New Testament citation of case law as authoritative for the New Covenant era.
  3. There are notable differences between the legal methodologies of various civil law countries.
  4. Under this definition laws regulating marriage, contracts, and payment for personal injury are examples of civil law.
  5. Civil law is highly systematised and structured and relies on declarations of broad, general principles, often ignoring the details.


  1. The state of New York, which also has a civil law history from its Dutch colonial days, also began a codification of its laws in the 19th century.
  2. Thus, the difference between civil law and common law lies less in the mere fact of codification, but in the methodological approach to codes and statutes.
  3. The revival of the Roman civil law tradition eventually formed the basis for a common legal language throughout Europe.
  4. Civil law or equity law is the law of the ruler; Common Law is the law of the people.
  5. But the civil law mode of pleading is not applicable to the common law courts.

Law Jurisdictions

  1. A basic distinction is made between civil law jurisdictions and systems using common law.
  2. The role of judges in civil law jurisdictions differs considerably from that of judges in common law systems.
  3. The national reports deal with both civil law and common law jurisdictions.

Law Systems

  1. However, since the late nineteenth century, the judicial system has been largely based on the civil law of Europe, notably France and Germany.
  2. However, codification is by no means a defining characteristic of a civil law system, as e.g.
  3. The inquisitorial system that is usually found on the continent of Europe among civil law systems (ie.
  4. When examined as to its different systems it is divided into civil law, common law, canon law.
  5. The civilian legal system or civil law system is the general typology of legal systems found in most countries.

Roman Civil

  1. Roman Civil Law in this country was confined to the law of the sea (Admiralty).
  2. The principles contained within these Twelve Tables constituted the basis for all Roman civil law.
  3. One such is "Roman Civil Law," which some argue is the system of law generally used in continental Europe.


  1. Inst. 2, PECUNIA , civil law, property By the term was understood, 1.
  2. This is a bookseller's term, which signifies the offence of those who print or caus CONTRIBUTION , civil law.

Public Law

  1. The principle of civil law is to provide all citizens with an accessible and written collection of the laws which apply to them and which judges must follow.
  2. California and a number of other Western states, however, have retained the concept of community property derived from civil law.
  3. Fifth , the Theonomist argues that the civil law is a sub-set of the moral law.
  4. The general Reformed consensus holds that the civil law was not arbitrary, but was circumstantial.
  5. The Civil Law is prosecuted by the Chancellor (the King's agent); he is not an impartial referee of the dispute.


  1. The civil law, instead of the common law, prevails in the State of Louisiana.
  2. When the British captured pre-existing colonies they continued to allow the local settlers to keep their civil law.
  3. In most jurisdictions the civil law is codified in the form of a civil codes, but in some, like Scotland it remains uncodified.
  4. Maritime Code of PRC, General Rules of Civil Law and other relevant commercial laws are applied for determining the merits.
  5. The civil law states use a test of either lex patriae (the law of nationality) or the law of habitual residence to determine status and capacity.


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  Originally created: November 24, 2007.
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