Review of Short Phrases and Links|
This Review contains major "Cytoplasm"- related terms, short phrases and links grouped together in the form of Encyclopedia article.
- Cytoplasm (protoplasm) is a material probably of variable constitution during life, but yielding on its disintegration bodies chiefly of proteid nature.
- Cytoplasm is the material that fills the cell and is crowded with very large molecules.
- Cytoplasm is the watery stuff that fills the cell, provides a medium in which to move the molecules around.
- Cytoplasm is defined as the material that lies within the cytoplasmic membrane, or the membrane that surrounds a cell.
- Cytoplasm is usually filled with macromolecules of proteins, nucleic acids and carbohydrates.
- The division of the cytoplasm of a cell following the division of the nucleus.
- In contrast, within 4 h after arginine treatment, ATF6 appeared in the nucleus, and ATF6 disappeared almost completely from the cytoplasm after 8 h.
- In contrast, AtFtsZ2 which seemed to be localized in the cytoplasm (Osteryoung et al.
- In contrast, the slightly higher Golgi stack density in the cortical cytoplasm may disappear with better measurements of cytoplasmic volume.
- Nuclear pore complexes provide the sole gateway for the exchange of material between nucleus and cytoplasm of interphase eukaryotic cells.
- The hyphae are composed of cell walls made of chitin (the same material that makes up the external skeleton of an insect), a cell membrane, and cytoplasm.
- Truncated cslA and cslB genes have been used to produce active, mature chondroitinases in the cytoplasm of Escherichia coli.
- A shiga like toxin is produced by S. dysenteriae causing a bloody diarrhea much as with EHEC. Shigella invades M cells and replicates in the cytoplasm.
- Shigella are highly invasive in the colon and the rectum, and are able to proliferate in the host cell cytoplasm, triggering an inflammatory reaction.
- The cytoplasm consists mostly of water, dissolved ions, small molecules, and large water-soluble molecules such as proteins.
- While the light passes through the cytoplasm, the cell sap, and water, the light path is changed due to the difference in the refractive index.
- Cytoplasm - The cytoplasm contains primarily water and protein material.
- Alanine transferase (ALT), formerly known as SGPT, is present in large quantities in the cytoplasm of canine and feline hepatocytes.
- Blood Platelets (Thrombocytes) are, as mentioned above, fragments of the cytoplasm of megakaryocytes.
- Platelets are not complete cells, but actually fragments of cytoplasm from a cell found in the bone marrow called a megakaryocyte.
- The A fragment is released as an extended chain but regains its active (enzymatic) globular conformation in the cytoplasm.
- The transport of iron across vacuolar membranes of macrophages probably involves DMT1. In the cytoplasm, iron is stored bound to ferritin.
- The growth of the pollen tube is controlled by the vegetative (or tube) cytoplasm.
- Activities in a cell require energy, whether for macromolecular synthesis or for transport of substances through or out of the cytoplasm.
- Water can remain in mitochondria, in cytoplasm, or enter bloodstream for excretion.
- Vesicular Transport Vesicles or other bodies in the cytoplasm move macromolecules or large particles across the plasma membrane.
- This stalls protein growth, and release factors, proteins which mimic tRNA, enter the A site and release the protein in to the cytoplasm.
- All of the functions for cell expansion, growth and replication are carried out in the cytoplasm of a cell.
- The cytoplasm of the hepatocytes was flat or bubble tubular cystic structure.
- Chloride and hydrogen ions are secreted separately from the cytoplasm of parietal cells and mixed in the canaliculi.
- This means the majority of secreted K + and Na + ions return to the cytoplasm.
- Chloride and sodium ions are secreted actively from the cytoplasm of the parietal cell into the lumen of the canaliculus.
- The nuclear envelope allows the nucleus to control its contents, and separate them from the rest of the cytoplasm where necessary.
- Cytoplasm - the contents of the cell, not including the nucleus.
- The last acceptor of the now energy-depleted electron is oxygen, which then combines with the excess hydrogen ions from the cytoplasm to create water.
- You could say that these molecules provide a means of communication between the cytoplasm and the nucleus.
- Many molecules, including many drugs, passively diffuse or are actively transported through the membrane and into the cytoplasm.
- These travel through the cytoplasm and are digested, with the molecules eventually passing into the cytoplasm.
- After virus attachment and entry into the cell, gene expression and replication takes place within the cytoplasm.
- Transport and binding to thyroid hormone receptors in the cytoplasm and nucleus then takes place.
- Amino acids are found in the cytoplasm of the cell where protein production takes place.
- The nucleus itself is enclosed in a double membrane that keeps the nuclear contents separate from the cytoplasm of the rest of the cell.
- The cytoplasm (material in the cell interior) of all bacteria is enclosed within a cell membrane that itself is surrounded by a rigid cell wall.
- It is an extension of the cytoplasm and used for attachment to surfaces (and is then called fimbrium) and conjugation with another cell of the same species.
- The cytoplasm presents numerous mitochondria dispersed throughout it, endoplasmatic reticulum and free ribosomes, disposed in groups or rosettes (Fig.
- Blood cells were isolated from anticoagulated mouse blood and incubated with calcein AM to introduce a fluorescent probe into the cytoplasm (Fig.
- As a sign of its immaturity, the sperm cell (on the right) that has issued into the lumen still has a bit of cytoplasm around its neck (compare with fig.
- During the formation of bone spicules, cytoplasmic Cytoplasm The cytoplasm is the part of a cell that is enclosed within the cell membrane.
- The part of the cytoplasm that is not held within organelles is called the cytosol.
- The cytoplasm is the part of a cell that is enclosed within the cell membrane.
- The result is a long tube containing many nuclei, with all the cytoplasm at the periphery.
- The many nuclei that are produced distribute themselves around the periphery of the cell cytoplasm.
- Protoplasmic killing occurs after fusion of unlike hyphae or after microinjection of cytoplasm or extracts into unlike strains.
- The sperm cells then travel in the cytoplasm of the large vegetative cell of the pollen tube to their target.
- Such hormones diffuse across the plasma membrane and target those receptor cells found within the cytoplasm.
- Somehow, the B subunit affects the release of the A subunit from the endosome so that it will reach its target in the cell cytoplasm.
- Neurons contain cytoplasm, mitochondria and other "organelles".
- Caspase activation and apoptosis can be initiated by the introduction of serine proteinases into the cytoplasm of a cell.
- PKC-δ is localized in the cytoplasm before the induction of apoptosis.
- In all lymphocytes the nucleus occupies nearly the whole volume of the cell, and the cytoplasm which surrounds it forms a thin shell.
- Lymphocytes are distinguished by having a deeply staining nucleus which may be eccentric in location, and a relatively small amount of cytoplasm.
- The lymphocytes can be branded via the thin layer of cytoplasm that encompasses their nuclei, which is also relatively large.
- These miniature bulkheads give the hyphae some physical rigidity, and limit loss of cytoplasm if the hyphal wall is ruptured.
- DAZ family proteins exist throughout male germ cell development and transit from nucleus to cytoplasm at meiosis in humans and mice.
- Pseudopodia are used by many cells, and are not fixed structures like flagella but rather are associated with actin near the moving edge of the cytoplasm.
- They connect the bacterium to another of its species and build a bridge between the cytoplasm of either cell.
- When subject to an osmotic 'up-shock', water flows outward from bacterial cytoplasm of the bacterium.
- Only 2 ATP per NADH since the coenzyme must feed into the electron transport chain from the cytoplasm rather than the mitochondrial matrix.
- These enzymes are present in the cytoplasm of the epithelial cells.
- Fatty acid synthesis by a combination of cytoplasm and mitochondria.
- There may be free ribosomes in the cytoplasm as well, which also are the site of protein synthesis.
- They do not interfere with protein synthesis in the cytoplasm of the eukaryotes.
- The region surrounding the nucleus (the cytoplasm) is partitioned by membranes into an elaborate network of compartments that fulfill a host of functions.
- The space in between the two membranes is called the inter-membrane space which has the same composition as the cytoplasm of the cell.
- The granular leukocytes, or granulocytes (GRAN-ulo-sites), are so named because they show visible granules in the cytoplasm when stained (see Fig.
- Granulocytes These have a granular cytoplasm and lobed nucleus.
- Assembly and Egress: Viruses assemble in the cytoplasm, or in the nucleus.
- The thallus, or body, of a typical fungus consists of a mycelium through which cytoplasm flows.
- Taken together, it is concluded that the cytoplasm of a mycelium of a higher fungus is not continuous per se, as is generally assumed.
- Glucose in the bloodstream diffuses into the cytoplasm and is locked there by phosphorylation.
- The break down of glucose takes place in the cytoplasm of the cell whereas the Kreb's cycle reaction takes place in the mitochondria of the cell.
- This all happens in the cytosol, formerly cytoplasm, to put glucose in a form that can enter the organelle mitochondria.
- Glucokinase activity in the cytoplasm rises and falls with available glucose.
- Much, but not all, of the glucokinase found in the cytoplasm of beta cells is associated with insulin secretory granules and with mitochondria.
- This is present on the surface of Bordetella cells and is delivered to the cytoplasm of host cells on contact.
- These cells, with conventional histological techniques, present a moderate amount of homogenous, pink, granular cytoplasm and distinct cell margins.
- Mitochondria and cisternae of endoplasmatic reticulum are present in cytoplasm but Golgi complex was not observed.
- Encyclopedia of Keywords > Information > Structure > Organelles
* Adjacent Cells
* Auer Rods
* Bacterial Cells
* Cell Cytoplasm
* Cell Division
* Cell Membrane
* Cell Nucleus
* Cell Wall
* Endoplasmic Reticulum
* Eukaryotic Cell
* Eukaryotic Cells
* Genetic Material
* Germ Plasm
* Haploid Nuclei
* Inclusion Bodies
* Infected Cells
* Nuclear Envelope
* Plasma Membrane
* Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
* Target Cell
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