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  Encyclopedia of Keywords > Spoken > Dialects   Michael Charnine

Keywords and Sections
HAKKA
CANTONESE
HIGH GERMAN DIALECTS
HIGH GERMAN
BALOCHI
TATI
TALYSH
PHILIPPINES
CEBUANO
ITALIAN
SARDINIAN
PEOPLE
MAIN GROUPS
WORDS
ACCENTS
ANDALUSIA
CECEO
INTELLIGIBILITY
GALICIAN
TAGALOG
CHINESE LANGUAGE
NUMBER
ETHNOLOGUE
TOCHARIANS
DISTINCT LANGUAGES
LURI
ZAZA
BAHASA INDONESIA
SINGLE LANGUAGE
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE
SORANÎ
MUTUAL INTELLIGIBILITY
DIALECT CONTINUUM
MANDARIN
LOW GERMAN DIALECTS
LOW GERMAN
STANDARD DUTCH
SUB-DIALECTS
BOKMÅL
NYNORSK
IRANIAN LANGUAGES
CENTRAL DIALECTS
VULGAR LATIN
REGIONAL DIALECTS
LOCAL DIALECTS
STANDARD GERMAN
Review of Short Phrases and Links

    This Review contains major "Dialects"- related terms, short phrases and links grouped together in the form of Encyclopedia article.

Definitions

  1. Dialects are groups of idiolects with a common core of similarities in pronunciation, grammar, and vocabulary.
  2. Dialects are perceived as unintelligible to speakers of other dialects.
  3. Dialects are defined by international linguistic standards as mutually intelligible versions of a language.
  4. Dialects are in some cases so dissimilar as to be unintelligible to unfamiliar listeners.
  5. Dialects are inherently intelligible to each others' speakers.

Hakka

  1. As much as endings and vowels are important, the tones also vary across the dialects of Hakka.

Cantonese

  1. However, like most languages, there are many other dialects, such as Taiwanese, Shanghainese, and Cantonese.
  2. As a result, many words which sound different in dialects such as Cantonese are homophones in Mandarin.
  3. The Republic of China stipulated that Mandarin be the lingua franca of Chinese cinema and banned the use of local dialects such as Cantonese.

High German Dialects

  1. In addition to this standard variety, in everyday life most Austrians speak one of a number of High German dialects.
  2. To the South, it blends into the High German dialects of Central German that have been affected by the High German consonant shift.
  3. This phenomenon is known as the "High German" consonant shift because it affects the High German dialects (i.e.

High German

  1. The dialects in which this second consonant shift took place were the High German dialects, so called because they were spoken in more mountainous areas.
  2. Contact with Turkic, Iranian, and Slavic languages, and, more recently, High German dialects and Latin, has given Hungarian many loanwords.
  3. Therefore, they are more closely related to Lower Franconian languages like Dutch than to the High German dialects.

Balochi

  1. The dialect of the Turkmenian Baloch belongs to the Western Group of Balochi dialects, to the Rakhshānī dialects.
  2. Linguists believe that Balochi has a wide variety of dialects.
  3. Despite the vast area over which Balochi is spoken, its numerous dialects are all mutually intelligible.

Tati

  1. Tati (Persian: تاتی) is a group of northwestern Iranian dialects which are closely related to the Talysh language.

Talysh

  1. Transitional between central Iranian dialects and Talysh.

Philippines

  1. A lot of Filipinos often refer to the different languages in the Philippines as dialects.
  2. It is also so rich that learning it provides someone with more gateways to learning more languages and dialects found in the Philippines.
  3. Mano Mano in different regions of the Philippines may also be known in local dialects as Panantukan (Luzon) or Pangamot (Visaya).

Cebuano

  1. Some major dialects are Ilocano (dialect in Ilocos) tagalog (metro manila) Ilonggo (western visayas) Cebuano (cebu) Tausog (Mindanao).
  2. Some dialects of Cebuano give different names to their languages.
  3. The Philippines, which is home for hundreds of cultural minorities, has over 2,000 native dialects including Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano and Visayan languages.

Italian

  1. Today they include italian, spanish, french, portuguese, romanian and also retho-rumantsch, galician, catalan, sard and a load of italian dialects.
  2. The Italian people generally indicates as Italian dialects all vernacular idioms spoken in Italy other than Italian and other recognized languages.
  3. Few, if any, speakers of Italian dialects in France do not know French.

Sardinian

  1. Sardinian, spoken on the island of Sardinia, is sufficiently distinct from other dialects to be considered by some a Romance language in its own right.
  2. It also happened in certain dialects of three other Romance languages: Romanian, Italian and Sardinian.
  3. Like every language, Sardinian has its own dialects.

People

  1. More than 80 other indigenous languages and dialects are also spoken, and the people of the Philippines are divided into regional ethnolinguistic groups.
  2. Many people can still speak dialects of Dutch but concerning the Walloon it is only understood and spoken occasionally, mostly by elderly people.
  3. There are roughly 10,000 speakers of these dialects; the people are known as Inupiat.

Main Groups

  1. Portuguese is a pluricentric language with two main groups of dialects, those of Brazil and those of the Old World.
  2. Linguistically one may divide the Iranian languages into two main groups, Western and Eastern dialects, although some are difficult to classify.
  3. The same source classifies different Kurdish dialects as two main groups of northern and central.

Words

  1. Over time speakers would separate, dialects would form, new languages split off, new objects and situations appear that called for coining new words.
  2. The dialects evolved through the absorbtion by the local Latin speakers of words and grammar from the conquered peoples.
  3. Italian has the word ella, a cognate of the other words for "she", but it is nowadays regarded as archaic in most dialects.

Accents

  1. As all the languages have accents and dialects, there are in Kurdish also.
  2. Accents can be confused with dialects which are varieties of language differing in vocabulary, syntax, and morphology, as well as pronunciation.
  3. Sociolinguists also examine different dialects, accents, and levels of diction in light of social distinctions among people.

Andalusia

  1. Some of the dialects of Spanish in Spain are canario (from the Canary Islands), andaluz (from Andalusia), and madrileno (from Madrid).
  2. The Andalusian dialects (also called Andaluz) of European Spanish are spoken in Andalusia.

Ceceo

  1. Ceceo is found in some dialects of Spain, in the southernmost part of Andalusia.
  2. Ceceo most commonly occurs in Andalusian Spanish, but the term is also used to refer to a lisp in other dialects.

Intelligibility

  1. The phonology of Portuguese can vary considerably between dialects, in extreme cases leading to difficulties in intelligibility.
  2. The eastern dialects, for example, have penultimate stress, which does not contribute to their intelligibility with official Slovak.
  3. Intelligibility among the three dialects is adequate, but Western Asturian may need orthography adaptation.

Galician

  1. Dialects: Galician is between Portuguese and Spanish, but closer to Portuguese.
  2. The dialects of Portuguese most similar to Galician are those of Alto-Minho and Trás-os-Montes in northern Portugal.
  3. Galician also has multiple dialects, some of which have picked up words from Spanish and Spanish syntax.

Tagalog

  1. Many Tagalog dialects, particularly those in the south, preserve the glottal stop found after consonants and before vowels.
  2. Filipino is mutually intelligible with all Tagalog dialects and mutually unintelligible with all non-Tagalog languages.
  3. Each has a number of dialects and all have impressive literary traditions, especially Tagalog, Cebuano, and Ilocano.

Chinese Language

  1. Sino-Tibetan Hokkien, Taiwanese, and Teochew, although all three may be considered dialects of Min Nan, a Chinese language.
  2. In contrast, spoken languages of Han Chinese are usually referred to as dialects of one Chinese language, to promote national unity.
  3. As with the concept of Chinese language itself, the divisions among different "dialects" are mostly geographical rather than based on linguistic distance.

Number

  1. The number of languages and dialects in Sudan is assumed to be about 400, including languages spoken by an insignificant number of people.
  2. Irish, or Irish Gaelic, exists in a number of substantially different but mutually intelligible dialects.
  3. The number and form of diphthongs vary between dialects.

Ethnologue

  1. I have followed the classification of languages and dialects used by the Summer Institute of Linguistics, as published in the Ethnologue, 13th Edition, 1996.
  2. According to Ethnologue (which cites [Paul 1998][2]), the number of Zazaki speakers is between 1.5 and 2.5 million (including all dialects).
  3. The Ethnologue offers another classification for dialects of Persian language.

Tocharians

  1. Tocharian languages, extinct tongues of the Tocharians, extant in two dialects, attested from roughly the 6th century.

Distinct Languages

  1. Panjabi, Bihari, and Chhatisgarhi, while sometimes recognised as being distinct languages, are often considered dialects of Hindi.
  2. In many cases of diglossia, the two dialects are so divergent that they are distinct languages as defined by linguists: they are not mutually intelligible.
  3. Dialects (such as Scheme and Common LISP) have major differences and are certainly considered by their users to be distinct languages.

Luri

  1. As stated above, their language, called Luri, is closely related to Persian, and there are two distinct dialects of this language.
  2. Bildisi in Sharafnama (1981), in the 16th century, divides the Kurdish language into four dialects: Kurmanji, Luri, Gurani and Kalhor.
  3. Luri is the general name for a varied set of dialects spoken by nomadic and settled populations of south western and parts of western Iran.

Zaza

  1. Pahlawani survives today in the dialects of Gurani and Dimili (Zaza) on the peripheries of Kurdistan.
  2. The two Goorani (southern Kurdish) and Zaza (western Kurdish) dialects are vastly different from Kormanji (pure Kurdish).
  3. Other dialects spoken by smaller numbers are Hawrami (also known as Gorani) and Zaza.

Bahasa Indonesia

  1. Although Bahasa Indonesia has become the lingua franca, local languages and dialects continue to be spoken and will not be abolished.

Single Language

  1. A variety of language that with other varieties constitutes a single language of which no single variety is standard: the dialects of Ancient Greek.
  2. Some people refer to the lesser variations within a single language, such as the regional variations within Spanish, as dialects.
  3. Aramaic languages and dialects Traditionally, Aramaic is considered a single language.

Official Language

  1. English is the official language, and approximately 75 African languages and dialects are spoken, including Nyanja, Bemba, Tonga, Lozi, Lunda, and Luvale.
  2. French, the official language, and several Melanesian and Polynesian dialects are spoken.
  3. There are a few numbers of dialects, or we should better call it languages, in China that are related to the official language.

Soranî

  1. Soranî belongs to one of the main Kurdish dialects that make up the Kurdish language.
  2. To refer to southern Kurmanji dialects as Soranî is a recent naming by linguists after the name of the former principality of Soran.

Mutual Intelligibility

  1. Instead, they prefer not to speak of dialects and languages at all, but only of different varieties, with varying degrees of mutual intelligibility.

Dialect Continuum

  1. The dialects of Denmark, Norway and Sweden form a dialect continuum and are mutually intelligible.
  2. The most south-eastern dialects of the Franconian languages became part of High, though not Upper, German even though a dialect continuum remained.

Mandarin

  1. Most Chinese speak one of the Mandarin dialects, which are largely mutually intelligible.
  2. Mandarin dialects are spoken in Shandong.
  3. In addition to the Mandarin dialects, there are six other Chinese dialect groups, spoken mainly in southern and southeastern China.

Low German Dialects

  1. The West Germanic dialects not affected by the second shift were the Low German dialects of the lowlands, from which Dutch and English evolved.

Low German

  1. In this time, people in northern Germany, who spoke Low German dialects very different from Standard German, learnt it almost like a foreign language.
  2. Low German dialects are spoken in northern Germany near the "low" (coastal) countries of Denmark, Netherlands, and Belgium.
  3. Du. Dutch, West Germanic language spoke in the Netherlands, descended from the Low German dialects of the Franks and Saxons.

Standard Dutch

  1. In Belgium, however, dialects are very much alive; many senior citizens there are unable to speak standard Dutch.

Sub-Dialects

  1. The language has a number of dialects and sub-dialects, but native Minangkabau speakers generally have no difficulty understanding the variety of dialects.
  2. It appears that these dialects or sub-dialects do not differ in grammar.
  3. These are further divided into scores of dialects and sub-dialects.

Bokmål

  1. In this sense Nynorsk covers all modern Norwegian dialects and all modern Norwegian orthographies, including Nynorsk, Høgnorsk, Bokmål and Riksmål.

Nynorsk

  1. Nynorsk supporters widely regard these dialects as the spoken basis for Nynorsk, even if the majority of dialect speakers use Bokmål in writing.
  2. Some dialects and variants of Nynorsk furthermore have different declension of weak and strong feminines and neuters.
  3. Historically, Bokmål is a Norwegianised variety of Danish, while Nynorsk is a language form based on Norwegian dialects and puristic opposition to Danish.

Iranian Languages

  1. Sorani (Soranî) is a group of Central Kurdish dialects and as such is part of the Iranian languages.
  2. Soranî (سۆرانی) is a group of Central Kurdish dialects and as such is part of the Iranian languages.
  3. The majority of the population speaks the official Persian language, and other Iranian languages or dialects.

Central Dialects

  1. Dialects According to Encyclopaedia Britannica, Kurdish has two main northern and central dialects.
  2. Northern and Central Dialects have influences from Kapampangan while those near the Bicol have influences from Daet Bikol.
  3. Vafsi belongs to a branch of Iranian languages called the Central Dialects.

Vulgar Latin

  1. The dialects of modern Italian all have their roots in the spoken form of Latin (Vulgar Latin), in use throughout the Roman Empire.
  2. The history of the Spanish language and the origin of the dialects of Spain begin with the linguistic evolution of Vulgar Latin.
  3. The Gaulish language came to be supplanted by Vulgar Latin, which would later split into dialects that would develop into the French language.

Regional Dialects

  1. The regional dialects of Upper Silesia and Masuria (Modern Polish East Prussia) have noticeably more German loanwords than other dialects.
  2. It is the only language that has a nationwide official status, although other languages and regional dialects also have co-official status.
  3. There are a number of regional dialects in use by the Tamil people.

Local Dialects

  1. While Urdu is the official language of the Province, there are a number of local dialects through which the people communicate.
  2. In addition, Tagalog and other local dialects such as Karay-a (also known as Kinaray-a) are also spoken.
  3. The official language, Bahasa Indonesia - a dialect of Malay - is spoken by almost everybody, although local dialects are usually the primary language.

Standard German

  1. Although mutual intelligibility between standard Dutch and standard German is very limited, a chain of dialects connects them.
  2. Other dialects, which are very different from standard German are spoken in Saxony, Bavaria, Rhineland-Palatinate and Swabia.
  3. In German linguistics, only the traditional regional varieties are called dialects, not the different varieties of standard German.

Categories

  1. Spoken
  2. Encyclopedia of Keywords > Society > Culture > Languages
  3. Dialect
  4. Senses > Hearing > Sound > Speakers
  5. Kurdish

Subcategories

Diasystem

    Related Keywords

      * Arabic * Chinese * Chinese Dialects * Cree Language * Dialect * Dialects Spoken * Differences * Different * Different Dialects * Dutch * Dutch Dialects * Eastern Dialect * Eastern Dialects * English * English Dialects * Form * German * German Dialects * Grammar * Group * Hindi * Kurdish * Kurdish Dialects * Kurdish Language * Kurmanji * Language * Languages * Linguists * Main Dialects * Mutually * Mutually Unintelligible * Northern * Northern Dialects * Persian * Persian Dialects * Pronunciation * Region * Regions * Separate Language * Separate Languages * Sorani * South * Spanish * Speakers * Spoken * Spoken Dialects * Various Dialects * Vocabulary
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