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  Encyclopedia of Keywords > Chemistry > Biochemistry > Molecular Biology > Peptides > Dipeptide   Michael Charnine

Keywords and Sections
DIPEPTIDES
CARNOSINE
MURAMYL
AMINO ACIDS
COMPLETE ADJUVANT
CULTURED HUMAN
HIPKISS AR
DIPEPTIDE
NATURALLY OCCURRING DIPEPTIDE
ABC TRANSPORTER
Review of Short Phrases and Links

    This Review contains major "Dipeptide"- related terms, short phrases and links grouped together in the form of Encyclopedia article.

Definitions

  1. A dipeptide is a molecule consisting of two amino acids joined by a single peptide bond.

Dipeptides

  1. Rockland, Ill., 1985), .beta.-turn dipeptide cores (Nagai et al.
  2. Sketch the dipeptide formed from glycine and alanine.
  3. Barettin (cyclo-[(6-bromo-8-en-tryptophan)-arginine]) is a cyclic dipeptide from the marine sponge Geodia barretti.
  4. Homoanserine (N-(4-Aminobutyryl)-L-histidine) is another dipeptide identified in the brain and muscles of mammals.
  5. Kyotorphin (L-tyrosyl-L-arginine) is a neuroactive dipeptide which plays a role in pain regulation in the brain.

Carnosine

  1. Pluripotent protective effects of carnosine, a naturally occurring dipeptide.
  2. Holliday R, McFarland GA. Inhibition of the growth of transformed and neoplastic cells by the dipeptide carnosine.
  3. Hipkiss AR, Brownson C, Carrier MJ. Carnosine, the anti-ageing, anti-oxidant dipeptide, may react with protein carbonyl groups.
  4. Carnosine has been called the anti-aging and anti-oxidant dipeptide.
  5. Carnosine (beta-alanyl-L-histidine) is a naturally-occurring dipeptide that was discovered in Russia in 1900.

Muramyl

  1. Derivatives of muramyl dipeptide, such as the amino acid derivative threonyl-MDP, and the fatty acid derivative MTPPE, are also contemplated.
  2. A further preferred group of adjuvants are the muramyl dipeptide (MDP, N-acetylmuramyl-L-alanyl-D-isoglutamine) group of bacterial peptidoglycans.

Amino Acids

  1. Generic amino acids (1) in neutral form, (2) as they exist physiologically, and (3) joined together as a dipeptide.
  2. The resulting molecule is called a dipeptide, and short stretches of amino acids (usually, fewer than around thirty) are called peptides or polypeptides.
  3. Objective: L-Carnosine is an amino acid dipeptide that may enhance frontal lobe function.
  4. Carnosine is a multifunctional dipeptide made up of a chemical combination of the amino acids beta-alanine and l-histidine.

Complete Adjuvant

  1. Descriptors: mouse, adamantylamide dipeptide (AdDP), liposomes, Freund's complete adjuvant, aluminum hydroxide (AL).
  2. Descriptors: rabbit, B30-MDP, lipophilic muramyl dipeptide derivative, LA-15-PH, Freunds's complete adjuvant, malaria vaccine, antibody production.

Cultured Human

  1. Further evidence for the rejuvenating effects of the dipeptide L-carnosine on cultured human diploid fibroblasts.
  2. The dipeptide L-carnosine has beneficial effects on cultured human fibroblasts.
  3. Carnosine (beta-alanyl-L-histidine) is a physiological dipeptide which can delay ageing and rejuvenate senescent cultured human fibroblasts.
  4. McFarland GA, Holliday R. Further evidence for the rejuvenating effects of the dipeptide L-carnosine on cultured human diploid fibroblasts.

Hipkiss Ar

  1. Hipkiss AR, Michaelis J, Syrris P (1995) Non-enzymatic glycosylation of the dipeptide L-carnosine, a potential anti-protein-cross-linking agent.
  2. Hipkiss AR, Brownson C, Carrier MJ. Carnosine, the anti-ageing, anti-oxidant dipeptide, may react with protein carbonyl groups.

Dipeptide

  1. Carnosine (beta-alanyl-L-histidine) is a naturally-occurring dipeptide that was discovered in Russia in 1900.
  2. Unlike any other known SBP, lipoprotein-9 binds the side chains of the glycylmethionine dipeptide through very specific interactions.
  3. This dipeptide is often present in only 70-95% of the molecules and appears to arise from ambiguous excision at the 5' end of the F intron of ovomucoid.

Naturally Occurring Dipeptide

  1. Pluripotent protective effects of carnosine, a naturally occurring dipeptide.
  2. The naturally occurring dipeptide carnosine (beta-alanyl-L-histidine) has been found to exert an anti-senescence effect when used as a dietary supplement.
  3. Carnosine is a naturally occurring dipeptide found at high levels in brain tissue and innervated muscle of mammals including humans.

Abc Transporter

  1. DppD is an ATP-binding component of the dipeptide ABC transporter.
  2. This is the first structure determined for an SBP of a Gram-positive dipeptide ABC transporter.

Categories

  1. Chemistry > Biochemistry > Molecular Biology > Peptides
  2. Glossaries > Glossary of Biochemistry Stubs /
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  Originally created: February 05, 2007.
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