Review of Short Phrases and Links|
This Review contains major "Drosophila"- related terms, short phrases and links grouped together in the form of Encyclopedia article.
- In Drosophila, the IMD pathway is required for antimicrobial gene expression in response to gram-negative bacteria.
- In Drosophila, the effect of DNT1 mutations in the embryonic PNS is milder than in the CNS (unpublished data).
- Deng, W.-M. and Bownes, M. Two signalling pathways specify localised expression of the Broad-Complex in Drosophila eggshell patterning and morphogenesis.
- In vertebrates three distinct Hh ligands are present, Ciona has two, and Drosophila and sea urchins each have only one.
- When compared to Drosophila, the mosquito genome includes a specific duplication of TLL, but has lost Knirps.
- For example, in the fruitfly Drosophila, the cellular circadian rhythm in neurons is controlled by two interlocked feedback loops.
- A study led by an EMBL senior scientist, Peer Bork compared the mosquito genome with that of the fruitfly Drosophila.
- Most of the animals used in animal testing are invertebrates, especially Drosophila melanogaster, a fruit fly, and Caenorhabditis elegans, a nematode.
- Rheb is an essential regulator of S6K in controlling cell growth in Drosophila.
- Increased levels of Rheb in Drosophila melanogaster promote cell growth and alter cell cycle kinetics in multiple tissues.
- Similar findings have also come from two new studies of cryptochrome proteins in the fruit fly Drosophila.
- Considerable evidence has been obtained in Drosophila on the regions of the tropomyosin gene that regulates its expression (686, 689, 690, 788, 1064).
- Beginning in 1907, Thomas Hunt Morgan extended Sutton's insights by conducting laboratory studies of the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster.
- Already at the beginning of this century geneticists had noted occasional malformations in Drosophila.
- Unlike its close relative ethyl carbamate it is not mutagenic in salmonella (it tested negative in the Ames test), but it is mutagenic in Drosophila.
- In 1968, having decided against Drosophila melanogaster as too complex, Brenner chose Caenorhabditis elegans as a model organism for study.
- Its size is similar to Drosophila melanogaster, (which belongs to a different family, the Drosophilidae), about 2 mm in length in adult stage.
- Tuberin and hamartin function together as a complex in mammals and Drosophila.
- However, one amino acid substitution was found in comparison between land snails and Drosophila.
- But in the mitochondria of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, it encodes the amino acid tryptophan.
- In contrast, further changes occurred in Drosophila, so that the neuroblast gave rise to the three distinct lobe groups.
- The gut epithelium of Drosophila is derived from the anterior and posterior primordia at both ends of the blastoderm embryo.
- With this knowledge, Morgan and his students began the first chromosomal map of Drosophila.
- With this knowledge, Morgan and his students began the first chromosomal map of the fruit fly Drosophila.
- The discussion incorporates the authors' own findings on the evolution of population stability in Drosophila.
- It is an agonist specific to mammalian but not fruit fly (Drosophila) GABAB receptors.
- However, how Slit leads to the activation of Rac in either Drosophila or vertebrate systems is still unknown.
- Ghabrial, A. and Schupbach, T. (1999). Activation of a meiotic checkpoint regulates translation of Gurken during Drosophila oogenesis.
- Interaction of eye protein kinase C and INAD in Drosophila.
- Clock genes have been identified in mammals, Drosophila, fungi, and cyanobacteria and their oscillatory mechanisms analyzed with studies of mutants.
- Recent work on amphibian, Drosophila, and Caenorhabditis elegans embryos implicates membrane trafficking and delivery as essential for cytokinesis.
- One identified cDNA encodes a protein that exhibits highest sequence similarities to the replicase polyprotein of the Drosophila C virus.
- In Drosophila, cryptochrome (CRY) acts as a photoreceptor that mediates light input to circadian oscillators in both brain and peripheral tissue.
- The identification of DNTs bridges a void in neuronal studies using Drosophila as a model for understanding the brain.
- To accelerate the molecular analysis of brain function in Drosophila we constructed a cDNA library exclusively from adult brains.
- Octopamine has recently been implicated in the formation of appetitive (sugar-reinforced) memories in Drosophila.
- This includes Drosophila where TG-activity can be detected in the clot and the enzyme contributes to clot formation ,.
- DNT1 shares structural similarity with all known neurotrophins and is a key factor in the fate of neurons in Drosophila.
- Drosophila use the same type of asymmetric divisions to form their neurons.
- By contrast, the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster has around 300,000 neurons (which do spike) and exhibits many complex behaviors.
- The first phase of migration in Drosophila occurs when the pole cells move passively and infold into the midgut invagination.
- Using the tremendous advantages of comparative genomics in closely related species, we identified novel genes regulated by dRFX in Drosophila.
- One known effect of cocaine on Drosophila is loss of “negative geotaxis,” or wall climbing, in response to startle.
- In Drosophila, genes encoding proteasomal proteins are under developmental control and are involved in cell proliferation and morphogenesis (37).
- The transcription factor E2F is required for S phase during Drosophila embryogenesis.
- Additional data file 2 is a figure showing phylogenetic trees for the four main families of drug metabolizing enzymes for C. elegans, Drosophila and mouse.
- Often used model organisms for developmental biology are C. elegans and Drosophila melanogaster.
- The most thoroughly studied invertebrate brains, however, belong to the fruit fly Drosophila and the tiny roundworm Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans).
- The homeobox gene mnx has been implicated in the development of motor neurons in Caenorhabditis elegans, Drosophila, and chordates [ 72 ].
- Offering human, mouse and drosophila genome databases, a View&Search program and advanced products in development.
- We found that the germline cyst in Xenopus contains 16 cells that are similar in general architecture and molecular composition to the cyst in Drosophila.
- In Drosophila, CRY is a photoreceptor for the circadian clock where it binds to the clock component TIM in a light-dependent fashion and blocks its function.
- One research avenue in my lab is to understand the structure and function of the centrosome using Xenopus, Drosophila, and mammalian tissue culture cells.
- Drosophila (538, 613, 817, 1164) and C. elegans (21, 516, 1282) tropomyosin mutations alter muscle structure and function.
- In Drosophila there are primary cilia and the sperm are flagellated, but their undulatory movement cannot be normal.
- Drosophila melanogaster produces sperm that can be up to 1.8 mm in size.
- He worked with Thomas Hunt Morgan at Columbia University, who had pioneered the use of fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster) in genetics experiments.
- Nanos and Caudal are maternal effect genes that are important in the formation of more posterior abdominal segments of the Drosophila embryo.
- Twelve maternal effect genes (the dorsal group and cactus) are required for the establishment of the embryonic dorsal-ventral axis in the Drosophila embryo.
- Sequential gene expression divides the Drosophila melanogaster (fruit fly) embryo into regions and segments.
- Identification of novel regulatory factor X (RFX) target genes by comparative genomics in Drosophila species.
- Such an approach should be possible soon for the fruit fly, because an effort is under way to sequence the genome of another Drosophila species.
- Exemplary insect cells include any species of Spodoptera or Drosophila, including Drosophila S2 and Spodoptera Sf9.
- The gene vasa has been shown in Drosophila to encode an essential component of the germ plasm and is thought to have a similar function in other organisms.
- Studies in Drosophila and other organisms have identified TSC signalling as a conserved pathway for growth control.
- The Drosophila embryo has been used with considerable success to unravel complex networks of gene activity.
- Pre-mRNAs of the Transformer (Tra) gene of Drosophila melanogaster undergo alternative splicing via the alternative acceptor site mode.
- The modern theory of the gene comes from Thomas Hunt Morgan's study of the fruit fly Drosophila a hundred years ago.
- With 10,000 genes, the genome of this tiny fungus is three-fourths the size of the Drosophila genome and one-third the size of the human genome.
- Quantitative analysis of bristle number in Drosophila mutants identifies genes involved in neural development.
- Its main focus is genomic and proteomics data for Drosophila and other insects.
- Like in other insects, coagulation of Drosophila hemolymph is based on an interaction between humoral and cellular procoagulants .
- The high rate of chromosomal change also suggests a very limited transferability of the positional information from the Drosophila genome to other insects.
- Nature > Life > Animals > Chordates
- Science > Biology > Genetics > Geneticists
- Information > Science > Biology > Genetics
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