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  Encyclopedia of Keywords > Encyclopedia of Finance. > Technology > Energy > Charge > Electric Charge   Michael Charnine

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  1. Electric charge is a fundamental conserved property of some subatomic particles, which determines their electromagnetic interactions.
  2. Electric charge is a basic property of electrons, protons and other subatomic particles.
  3. Electric charge is a characteristic of some subatomic particles, and is quantized when expressed as a multiple of the so-called elementary charge e.
  4. Electric charge is a physical property of matter which causes it to experience a force when near other electrically charged matter.
  5. Electric charge is the property responsible for electric forces which acts between nucleus and electron to bind the atom together.


  1. The distribution of electric charge gives physicists a handle on where the quarks are in the proton.
  2. Physicists know that the charge on an electron is the fundamental unit of electric charge.
  3. At the time, the pair of physicists ascribed various properties and values to the three new proposed particles, such as electric charge and spin.


  1. In physics, a charged particle is a particle with an electric charge.
  2. In physics, the space surrounding an electric charge or in the presence of a time-varying magnetic field has a property called an electric field.
  3. In physics and chemistry, the Faraday constant is the amount of electric charge in one mole of electrons.


  1. However, neutrinos differ from electrons in that they have zero electric charge and, as far as we know today, zero mass.
  2. As we know that the simplest hydrogen atom consists of one proton and one electron, the hydrogen atom as total has zero electric charge.
  3. A hypothetical, massive subatomic particle with zero electric charge whose existence would explain the masses of the elementary particles.

Potential Energy

  1. An object can have potential energy by virtue of its electric charge and several forces related to their presence.
  2. Electrical potential energy An object can have potential energy by virtue of its electric charge and several forces related to their presence.
  3. In case the electric charge of an object can be assumed to be at rest, it has potential energy due to its position relative to other charged objects.


  1. Surely the quantum gravitational charge, mass, can be expected to behave as a first approximation like electric charge when accelerated.


  1. The electric charge of quarks is important in the construction of nuclei.


  1. Cation: Any ion with a positive electric charge.


  1. Ions are divided into cations with positive (+) electric charge; or anions with negative (-) charge.
  2. The electric charge of electrons is called "negative" (-) and that of ions "positive" (+).
  3. Faraday had shown that the electric charges of ions are integer multiples of a fundamental unit of electric charge.


  1. Electrical energy: energy made available by the flow of electric charge through a conductor or from the forces between charged particles.
  2. Now consider the energy of electric charge (measured in coulombs) being forced into a capacitor.
  3. Many physical quantities have scalar values, e.g., length, area, mass, energy, and electric charge.

Atomic Nucleus

  1. Without the mesotron, the electric charge carried by the protons would be disruptive of the atomic nucleus.
  2. Without this arrangement the electric charge carried by the protons would be disruptive of the atomic nucleus.


  1. It is absolutely stable because conservation of energy and electric charge together forbid any decay.
  2. In this chapter we introduce a model of electric charge flow, the law of conservation of charge, and two methods for measuring charge.
  3. Newton's 3rd law of motion (action=reaction) applied along the K-K dimension is equivalent to the law of conservation of electric charge.

Black Hole

  1. We find the angular momentum L of a point particle with electric charge e held at a fixed position in the presence of a black hole with magnetic charge g.
  2. This in turn means that the black hole must carry a net electric charge and cannot be neutral if there is to be any Hawking radiation.

Negative Electric Charge

  1. It has a mass 3,272 times that of the electron, a negative electric charge, and an average lifetime of 8 × 10 -11 seconds.
  2. For particles such as the electron Electron An electron is a subatomic particle that carries a negative electric charge.
  3. The electron is a subatomic particle that carries a negative electric charge.


  1. The unequal sharing of electrons within a bond leads to the formation of an electric dipole: a separation of positive and negative electric charge.
  2. For example, a proton has a positive electric charge, an electron has a negative electric charge, and a neutron is neutral and has no electrical charge.
  3. Leptons include the familiar electron, but also its heavier cousin, the muon, which can carry either a positive or negative electric charge (m + or m -).


  1. The emission of a or boson either raises or lowers the electric charge of the emitting particle by 1 unit, and alters the spin by 1 unit.
  2. The emission of a W + or W ⁻ boson either raises or lowers the electric charge of the emitting particle by 1 unit, and alters the spin by 1 unit.
  3. The emission of a W + or W – boson can either raise or lower electric charge of the emitting particle by 1 unit, and alter the spin by 1 unit.


  1. A particle with all seats occupied by Angultrons carries one unit of electric charge, and it is named positron.


  1. While photon does not carry electric charge, the gluons and the W bosons do carry colour charge, and electric charge respectively.
  2. Gluons are force carriers with zero electric charge, but each type of gluon has a color charge.
  3. Gluons have no mass and no electric charge, but each gluon does carry both a color and an anticolor.


  1. Photons have no electric charge or rest mass and are the carriers of the electromagnetic field.
  2. Neutrinos, on the other hand, have no electric charge, so they cannot absorb or produce photons.
  3. Photons are emitted anytime an electric charge is accelerated (as happens when two atoms' electron clouds collide).

Moving Charge

  1. To make a drastic oversimplification, electric charge can get carried along with the churning motion, so the Earth contains moving charge.

Magnetic Field

  1. The spin of an electron, combined with its electric charge, results in a magnetic dipole moment and creates a magnetic field.
  2. The electric charge causes the trajectory of an atom to bend when it passes through a magnetic field.
  3. The magnetic moment in a magnetic field is a measure of the magnetic flux set up by the gyration of an electric charge in a magnetic field.

Electric Current

  1. Those equations describe the interrelationship between electric field, magnetic field, electric charge, and electric current.
  2. In electricity, current refers to electric current, which is the flow of electric charge.
  3. An electric charge in motion is called electric current.

Electric Circuit

  1. It is used to measure the direct current (flow of electric charge) through an electric circuit.
  2. Capacitance In electricity, the capability of a body, a system, or an Electric Circuit for storing electric charge.


  1. The photon is massless,[ Note 1] has no electric charge,[ 9] and does not decay spontaneously in empty space.
  2. The carrier of electric charge is the photon, which can be carried only by the electron or positron.
  3. The electron, having an electric charge unlike the photon, undergoes a series of collisions until it too loses all energy.

Relativistic Mass

  1. Electric charge is conserved while relativistic mass is not.
  2. Electric charge is invariant while relativistic mass is not.

Elementary Charge

  1. Being that one electron is the smallest known carrier of electric charge, this last figure of charge for the electron is defined as the elementary charge.


  1. Dyon is composed of electric charge on site and magnetic vortex on plaquette.


  1. It is shown that the electric charge of the dyons is quantized.


  1. Electromagnetism (`quantum electrodynamics' or `QED'), for example, is mediated by the photon, which couples to particles which have electric charge.
  2. Electromagnetism admits a duality interchanging electric and magnetic field and electric charge s and monopoles.
  3. Thus, for example, the electric charge is the generator of the U(1) symmetry of electromagnetism.

Fundamental Interaction

  1. Electromagnetism - a fundamental interaction between the magnetic field and the presence and motion of an electric charge.


  1. Allowed quark combinations always sum to zero or unit leptonic values of electric charge: the proton is +1, the neutron 0, mesons are 0, +1 or -1.
  2. For the neutral pion the sum of the electric charge of the quarks sum to zero, so it's also ok to transform into something with no charge.
  3. The electric charge of a hadron is the sum of the charges on the quarks in the hadron.

Opposite Electric Charge

  1. This antielectron would be expected to have the same mass as the electron, but opposite electric charge and magnetic moment.
  2. Corresponding to most kinds of particles, there is an associated antiparticle with the same mass and opposite electric charge.
  3. Protons and electrons do attract each other by opposite electric charge.


  1. Antiprotons, for example, have the same mass as a proton but the opposite electric charge.


  1. For instance, a particle having an electric charge, q, and moving in a B-field with a velocity, v, experiences a force, F, called the Lorentz force.
  2. Gluons hold quarks together with a force like that of electric charge, but of far greater power.
  3. Electric field — effect produced by an electric charge that exerts a force on charged objects in its vicinity.

Coupling Constant

  1. For electromagnetism, the coupling constant is proportional to the square of the electric charge.
  2. For example, the electric charge of a particle is a coupling constant.


  1. According to Physics World, neutrinos are notoriously difficult to observe because they have no electric charge and barely interact with matter.
  2. For each basic particle of matter, there exists an anti-particle with the same mass but the opposite electric charge.
  3. The effects of electric force can be summarized as the law of electric charge: Pieces of matter with the same kind of charge repel each other.

Charge Carrier

  1. Charge carrier denotes in physics a free (mobile, unbound) particle carrying an electric charge.

Standard Model

  1. The fact that the neutrino has no electric charge endows it with certain properties not shared by other fermions of the standard model.
  2. A unitary alternative to the Standard Model of elementary particles using integer electric charge.
  3. Two heavy leptons are added to the standard model, each one sharing a double opposite electric charge and an own lepton flavour number.

Weak Hypercharge

  1. The weak force equivalent to electric charge and color charge is a property called weak hypercharge.


  1. The coulomb (symbol: C) is the SI derived unit of electric charge, and is the charge transferred by a constant current of one ampere in one second.
  2. The SI unit for measuring the rate of flow of electric charge is the ampere.


  1. An electric current is a flow of electric charge, and its intensity is measured in amperes.

Kerr Metric

  1. It's like the Kerr metric, but the black hole also has an overall electric charge.

Rotating Black Hole

  1. The Reissner-Nordström metric describes a black hole with electric charge, while the Kerr metric yields a rotating black hole.
  2. The Reissner-Nordström solution describes a black hole with electric charge, while the Kerr solution yields a rotating black hole.


  1. Because antiprotons and positrons have electric charge, they can be controlled with electric and magnetic fields.
  2. Positrons are very much like electrons: they have the same mass and the same spin, but they have opposite electric charge.
  3. Positrons have the same mass and an electric charge of the equal but positive value.

Fundamental Particles

  1. As fundamental particles, quarks have the same electrodynamics as muons, apart from the magnitude of their electric charge.
  2. Fundamental particles possess properties such as electric charge, spin, mass, magnetism, and other complex characteristics, but are regarded as pointlike.

Fundamental Particle

  1. The neutrino is a type of fundamental particle with no electric charge, a very small mass, and one-half unit of spin.
  2. It is proposed that each fundamental particle having electric charge represents a dual closure of the entire physical universe.
  3. Fundamental particle with no electric charge, little mass, and a spin value of ¹⁄₂.

Positive Charge

  1. It consists of protons, which carry positive charge and neutrons, which carry no electric charge.
  2. A body has an electric charge when that body has more or fewer electrons than are required to balance the positive charge of the nuclei.


  1. Encyclopedia of Finance. > Technology > Energy > Charge
  2. Encyclopedia of Finance. > Technology > Energy > Electron
  3. Particle
  4. Proton
  5. Manufacturing > Measurement > Force > Electric Field

Related Keywords

    * Angular Momentum * Antiparticle * Atom * Atoms * Charge * Charges * Conservation Law * Conservation Laws * Conserved * Electric Charges * Electric Field * Electromagnetic Force * Electromagnetic Interaction * Electromagnetic Interactions * Electrometer * Electron * Electrons * Electrostatic Repulsion * Elementary Particle * Elementary Particles * Hypercharge * Isospin * Lepton * Leptons * Lepton Number * Magnetically * Magnetic Charge * Magnetic Monopole * Mass * Muon * Net Electric Charge * Neutral * Neutrinos * Neutron * Neutrons * Normal Matter * Nucleus * Opposite Sign * Own Antiparticle * Particle * Particles * Positive * Positive Electric Charge * Proton * Protons * Qed * Quantity * Quark * Quarks * Repulsion * Spin * Subatomic Particle * Subatomic Particles * Unit * Weak Isospin * Zero Mass
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