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  Encyclopedia of Keywords > Technology > Energy > Electricity > Spark Plug > Electrode   Michael Charnine

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  1. One electrode is placed over the left precordium (the lower part of the chest, in front of the heart). (Web site)
  2. An electrode is placed next to the heart wall and small electrical charges travel through the wire to the heart. (Web site)
  3. This electrode is connected to a battery which is implanted under the skin, allowing a small pulse of electricity to be delivered 24 hours a day. (Web site)
  4. An electrode (a plastic coated fine wire) is placed in an area deep in the brain.
  5. An electrode is surgically inserted near a nerve in the sacrum (low back) (picture 1). (Web site)


  1. Research reported in the Journal of Applied Physics investigates an APPJ that extends from the ground electrode of a circuit.


  1. As noted above, in some instances it is desired to have a straight edge in a tangential relationship with the curved upper edge of the ground electrode. (Web site)


  1. In the past, wiring materials and electrode materials for semiconductor devices have often used polysilicon. (Web site)
  2. Etching magnetic materials (NiFe, CoFe, AlO, etc.) and electrode materials (Ta, TaN, Pt, Ir, etc.) can also be performed by similar processes. (Web site)


  1. FIG. 16 shows a electrode assembly which is disposed in the hollow chamber depicted in FIG. 15. (Web site)
  2. FIG. 16 shows a simple straight edge presented to the center electrode. (Web site)
  3. FIG. 2 shows an equivalent circuit of the isolator 1 in which a portion of the center electrode assembly 40 is represented by an equivalent circuit. (Web site)


  1. Depending on whether the reaction on the electrode is a reduction or an oxidation, the working electrode can be referred to as either cathodic or anodic.
  2. The tendency of an electrode to lose electrons or to get oxidized is called its oxidation potential. (Web site)
  3. The potential of the first electrode of the detector is set at -90 mV (reduction) and that of the second at +280 mV (oxidation). (Web site)

Electrode Tip

  1. A magnet is used with the IPG to adjust the stimulation parameters so that the appropriate level of stimulation is applied at the electrode tip. (Web site)

Center Electrode 206

  1. For example, in FIG. 6a, the ground electrode has a lobed shape such that the spark gap 212 is concave with respect to center electrode 206. (Web site)

Copper Core

  1. Some designs have provided a copper core to this electrode, so as to increase heat conduction.
  2. Many of today's spark plugs have a very broad heat range because the plug manufacturer uses a copper core or platinum center electrode. (Web site)
  3. The ground electrode has an open-end wherein both the copper core and sheath are exposed and are butt welded to the metal shell. (Web site)

Grounding Electrode

  1. A grounding electrode is separated at a first location from the center electrode by a gap.
  2. An insulator separates the center electrode and the grounding electrode at a second location.
  3. D. center electrode and the grounding electrode of a spark plug. (Web site)

Center Electrode 11

  1. The camera 50 captures an image around the tip of the center electrode 11 and provides a signal indicative thereof to the image processing unit 60. (Web site)

Source Electrode

  1. A channel part 60 is formed in an area surrounded by the semiconductor film 40, the source electrode 50 and the drain electrode 52. (Web site)

Reference Electrode

  1. A pH meter uses an electrode with hydrogen sensitive glass that measures the difference in electrical potential between the sample and a reference electrode.
  2. ORP instruments measure the electrochemical potential between the solution and a reference electrode.

Ground Electrode 12

  1. The ground electrode 12 is bent at an end thereof to define a desired spark gap 13 between itself and an end of the center electrode 11. (Web site)
  2. The ground electrode 12 has an open copper end 23, that is, an end in which the copper core 16 is exposed. (Web site)

Second Electrode

  1. The spark plug includes a first electrode separated from a second electrode by an annular space. (Web site)

Electrode Materials

  1. Configuration of electrodes and electrode materials can differ from the original set of spark plugs. (Web site)

Electrode Material

  1. Electrons from a voltage source migrate in and out from the electrode material depending on the applied voltage, but are not transferred to the electrolyte.
  2. The electrode material for semiconductor devices having a low resistivity may include Au, Cu and Al. (Web site)
  3. The adsorption process may also negatively affect the properties of the electrode material.

Center Electrode 14

  1. The center electrode 14 is centrally mounted within longitudinal hole 20 formed within the insulator 18. (Web site)
  2. This extension of the center electrode 14 has been found to be desirable to insure the most satisfactory conduction of the spark. (Web site)
  3. Actually, the portion of the core nose 24 that joins with the center electrode 14 is in substantial alignment with the plane 38. (Web site)

Electrode 36

  1. Heat from the combustion process is imparted into the firing end portion 14 of the spark plug 10 and more specifically, into the electrode 36. (Web site)

Firing Tip

  1. The firing tip is welded to the center electrode of the spark plug and more specifically, the base electrode. (Web site)
  2. More specifically, FIG. 7 illustrates a secondary firing tip 50' with a riveted head 60 directly opposing the firing tip 50 attached to the center electrode. (Web site)
  3. At the firing end 44 of the center electrode assembly 40 a base electrode 42 is situated to which a firing tip 50 is attached facing the ground electrode 20. (Web site)

Ground Electrode 208

  1. Note that the center electrode 206 is rectangular instead of circular and the ground electrode 208 is tooth shaped (i.e., is trapezoidal shaped). (Web site)
  2. The location of the ground electrode 208 depends upon the engine volumetric ratio. (Web site)

Ground Electrode 14

  1. The firstpreferred embodiment 10 of the present invention shows a spark plug 10 comprising a center electrode 12, a ground electrode 14, and an insulator 16. (Web site)
  2. This omni-directional sparkpattern can be beneficial for propagating the spark from the center electrode 12 to the ground electrode 14. (Web site)

Negative Electrode

  1. The electrically conductive substrate used as the negative electrode has an indium oxide film formed thereupon. (Web site)

Spark Gap

  1. Referring to FIG. 3, a spark gap "G" is defined at the firing end portion 14 between the firing end surface 22 and the tip 42 of the electrode 36. (Web site)
  2. Having more than one ground electrode also distributes the wear to minimize electrode erosion and growth of the spark gap over time. (Web site)
  3. The second electrode can be made with a flat surface presented to the spark gap since the breakdown will be initiated by the first electrode. (Web site)

Central Electrode

  1. A ground electrode is attached to the base and defines a spark gap between its inner surface and the central electrode face. (Web site)
  2. Its major function is to provide mechanical support for the central electrode, whilst insulating the high voltage.
  3. The precombustion chamber 1 includes the igniter comprising a central electrode 13 and a ground electrode 14. (Web site)

Semiconductor Substrate

  1. A layer in the semiconductor substrate aside from the gate electrode stack has been implanted with nitrogen aside from the gate electrode stack. (Web site)

Gate Electrode

  1. Further, each of the gate electrode, the drain electrode, and the source electrode were wired by gold streaks of 0.1 mm diameter by silver paste. (Web site)
  2. A gate insulating layer is formed on the semiconductor layer and a gate electrode is patterned on the gate insulating layer in a predetermined shape. (Web site)

Side Electrodes

  1. Multiple side electrodes may also be used, so that they don't overlap the center electrode. (Web site)
  2. Multiple side electrodes may also be used, so that they don't overlap the central electrode. (Web site)

Side Electrode

  1. Spark plug construction Diagram of single-ground spark plug (the bottom hook "side electrode" is the single ground electrode).


  1. Various properties are required for an electrode for semiconductor devices used for the LCD mentioned above. (Web site)
  2. Gas tight seals 4 are required between the center electrode and the insulator, and between the insulator and the plug body. (Web site)


  1. The procedure is facilitated by fluoroscopy which enables the physician or cardiologist to view the passage of the electrode lead.
  2. Furthermore, even the non-expandable catheter shaft and electrode shown in FIG. 7 can be used to limit the amount of vein shrinkage during the procedure. (Web site)


  1. For example, it is known that rates of diffusion processes on metal electrodes can depend dramatically on the electrode potential.
  2. The Saturated calomel electrode (SCE) is a reference electrode which uses the reaction between mercury metal and mercury(I) chloride, to fix its potential.
  3. That is, the voltage created by the ignition apparatus can be applied such that the center electrode 30 receives it positive (+) potential. (Web site)
  4. A slow step in the electrode reaction is responsible for the shift in electrode potential. (Web site)
  5. Electrode potential and products of electrolysis, Fuel cells, corrosion and its prevention. (Web site)

Positive Electrode

  1. Silver oxide (Ag 2 O) can be produced when silver nitrate solutions are treated with a base; it is used as a positive electrode (anode) in watch batteries. (Web site)
  2. In the outer region, only a flow of negative ions and, to a lesser and radially-decreasing extent, free electrons toward the positive electrode takes place. (Web site)
  3. As the current flows, the serum proteins move toward the positive electrode. (Web site)
  4. The cathode acts as a negative electrode and propels the free electrons, in the form of an electron beam, towards the positive electrode (the anode). (Web site)
  5. Because the phosphates are negatively charged at neutral pH, the DNA will migrate through the gel toward the positive electrode. (Web site)


  1. Under the conditions of the test, the proteins in the sample are negatively charged and migrate toward the positive electrode at different rates. (Web site)
  2. The free (thus mobile) electrons are then moving toward the positive electrode, while the positrons move toward the negative electrode. (Web site)
  3. The positive electrode would attract electrons to the region of graphene below it, creating an area of excess negative charge (an n-type semiconductor). (Web site)
  4. At the positive electrode (anode), positive ions are repelled and negative ions are attracted.

Vagus Nerve

  1. Only the Pulse Generator is taken out of the body; attempting to remove the electrode from around the vagus nerve could cause damage, and is not recommended.
  2. The apparatus of the present invention allows the determination of the optimum location for an electrode to apply an electric stimulus to the vagus nerve. (Web site)


  1. And every time I dissected down to the tip of the electrode, there was no nerve,” Dr. Weiner recalled. (Web site)
  2. An SSEP is performed by placing an electrode over the skin or inserting a needle into the nerve or sensory center of the brain. (Web site)
  3. The nerve may be stimulated by unipolar excitation, wherein the ground electrode is located at the skin surface, or by direct or indirect bipolar excitation. (Web site)


  1. Nernst equation - the response of an electrode varies with respect to the logarithm of the activity of the measured ion.


  1. Glass coated with indium oxide or tin oxide is commonly used as the front (transparent) electrode while the back electrode is coated with reflective metal. (Web site)


  1. The ignition electrode can quite advantageously have a ring-shaped design, including an opening for the fuel jet spray-discharged from the spray orifice. (Web site)
  2. At least a second electrode is passed through the normal access point at the opening to the cochlea for accessing the non-ossified region of the cochlea. (Web site)


  1. Polarization: The inability of an electrode to reproduce a reading after a small electrical current has been passed through the membrane.
  2. In addition, there is no risk to cover the active electrode material by a membrane, so the release and absorption of ions are readily performed. (Web site)
  3. Further, the protons pass through a membrane of solid, polymeric electrolyte (a proton exchange membrane or PEM) to the second electrode (cathode). (Web site)


  1. Structure of the center electrode such as a copper core, etc. (Web site)
  2. In this structure, a bare silicon wafer is used as one electrode on which is grown a film of aluminum oxide using the inventive equipment described above.
  3. Similar in structure to a pacemaker, an ICD has three main components: a generator, leads, and an electrode. (Web site)


  1. Figure 5 A normally worn spark plug should have light tan or gray deposits on the firing tip (electrode). (Web site)

Electrical Impulses

  1. Vagal nerve stimulation is a treatment for epilepsy in which an electrode is implanted in the neck to deliver electrical impulses to the vagus nerve. (Web site)


  1. On occasion, the electrode can block the spark on slanted cylinder heads.


  1. Clinicians can also search for regions of high conductivity by holding one electrode of a TENS circuit and giving the patient the second electrode.

Activated Carbon

  1. The electrode can be composed of, for instance, a binding material and an electroconductive material added to the above described activated carbon. (Web site)
  2. It is necessary for obtaining the high energy density that the activated carbon of an electrode material has high capacitance. (Web site)


  1. If heavy deposits are present, if the spark plug is black or if the electrode or core nose are damaged, the plug needs to be replaced. (Web site)
  2. One electrode 10 is shaped to present a ridge to the spark gap. (Web site)
  3. When a sufficient voltage potential is present at one electrode, a spark occurs across the air gap. (Web site)
  4. We present the first small-molecule organic solar cells employing only PEDOT:PSS as transparent electrode. (Web site)


  1. Technology > Energy > Electricity > Spark Plug
  2. Insulator
  3. Electrodes
  4. Tip
  5. Gap

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  Originally created: August 01, 2010.
  Links checked: June 11, 2013.
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