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  Encyclopedia of Keywords > Places > Earth > Continents > Europe > European   Michael Charnine

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Review of Short Phrases and Links

    This Review contains major "European"- related terms, short phrases and links grouped together in the form of Encyclopedia article.

European Communities

  1. This is found in the Treaty of the European Communities, signed in Rome 1957 and subsequently amended by other Treaties concluded between the Member States.
  2. The then European Communities +borrowed; the flag of the Council of Europe only in 1986, after its enlargement to twelve members. (Web site)

European Community

  1. Spain also expanded its international role; it was admitted into NATO in 1982 and became a member of the European Community (now the European Union) in 1986. (Web site)
  2. The distinction between European Community (EC) law and European Union law is that based on the Treaty structure of the European Union.
  3. In 1981, Greece became a member of the European Community (now the European Union). (Web site)

Eu Member States

  1. Citizens of EU member states are also EU citizens: they directly elect the European Parliament, once every five years.
  2. In the European Union, the two earlier conventions have largely been supplanted by this Regulation which is directly applicable to all EU member states.
  3. The President is chosen by the governments of the EU Member States and must be approved by the European Parliament.

European Parliament

  1. Adopted by the Council in conjunction with the European Parliament or by the Commission alone, a directive is addressed to the Member States. (Web site)
  2. The Council of Europe then encouraged other European institutions to adopt the same flag and, in 1983, the European Parliament took up the call. (Web site)
  3. Alongside the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union, it is one of the three main institutions governing the Union.

United Kingdom

  1. During Singh's tenure as Prime Minister, relations have improved with Japan and European Union countries, like the United Kingdom, France, and Germany. (Web site)
  2. Stavanger and its region has been selected as the European Capital of Culture for 2008 which it will share with Liverpool, United Kingdom.
  3. The Minister of State for Europe is an executive position in the Government of the United Kingdom, in charge of affairs with the European Union.


  1. London is the capital of both England and the United Kingdom, and the largest metropolitan area in the European Union. (Web site)
  2. The highest temperature ever recorded in London was 37.9C (100.2F), measured at Heathrow Airport during the European Heat Wave of 2003.
  3. In 1908, Nikolai Panin-Kolomensky, a famous Russian figure skater and a world and European champion, won a gold metal at the Olympics in London. (Web site)


  1. Rule N51(11) provides that the decision to grant the European patent shall state which text of the patent application constitutes the basis for the grant.
  2. The European Council invites Russia to work with the Union on the basis of this Common Strategy to the benefit of both.
  3. African American music formed a basis for popular music, which used elements derived from European and indigenous musics. (Web site)


  1. EPC formed an organization named European Patent Office which doesn't work for under the European Commission.
  2. The EU is regulated by a number of institutions, primarily the Council of the European Union, the European Commission, and European Parliament.
  3. September 26 was designated as the European Day of Languages by the Council of Europe and the European Commission following the 2001 Year of Languages.


  1. EUROPEAN PATENT CONVENTION: Single European Patent office can make decision for all 34 European Patents – but you get 34 different patents.
  2. The case law of the Boards of Appeal of the European Patent Office does not allow a decision at appeal to put a sole appellant in a worse position. (Web site)
  3. The first direct elections for the European Parliament were held in 1979, after a decision to that effect was first adopted in 1976 and ratified in 1978.

European Journal

  1. European journal of echocardiography: the journal of the Working Group on Echocardiography of the European Society of Cardiology.
  2. European Journal of Law and Economics - Focusing on emprirical studies, site provides tables of contents and submission guidelines. (Web site)
  3. The European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology is the leading forum in the field for the dissemination of original research from Europe. (Web site)


  1. It is produced by the Secretariat-General of the European Commission and published 10 times a year in the official European languages.
  2. Olivier Péru is a French comic book artist, colorist, and designerwhose works have been published both in the US and European markets. (Web site)
  3. The final consensus paper, comprising the final set of criteria, will be published in June 2005 in the European Journal of Nutrition.

European Explorers

  1. Early European explorers seem to have been the first to speculate about the identity of the Pacific islanders. (Web site)
  2. From the moment the early European explorers sighted them, cacti have aroused much interest: Christopher Columbus brought the first melocactus to Europe.
  3. The Falkland Islands were uninhabited when they were first discovered by European explorers.


  1. These islands were never fully colonized by a European country, and the people are proud to have maintained their culture over the years. (Web site)
  2. Capt. James Cook was the first European to call at most of the islands in the southern group, in 1773, 1774, and 1777.
  3. The first inhabitants of Fiji arrived from South East Asia long before the islands were discovered by European explorers in the 17th century.

European Influence

  1. In United States, as a result of the European influence, Harry Houdini distinguished himself as an illusionist. (Web site)
  2. The period from 1707AD, the year when Aurangzeb died, to 1857, the year of the Indian Uprising, saw the gradual increase of the European influence in India. (Web site)


  1. The Ottoman territories in Europe were reduced to Macedonia, Albania, and Thrace, and European influence had attained new dimensions. (Web site)
  2. Japan's standard of living rose immensely and American and European influence on people's lifestyles was very strong.
  3. The South Moluccan islands were among the first to come under European influence in the 16th century.

United Nations

  1. Latvia has been a member of the United Nations since 17 September 1991, of the European Union since 1 May 2004 and of NATO since 29 March 2004. (Web site)
  2. Austria has been a member of the United Nations since 1955 and joined the European Union in 1995. (Web site)
  3. And the so-called quartet -- the United States, the European Union, the United Nations and Russia -- has in place a road map for peace. (Web site)


  1. The new provisions entered into force on 1 September 1999 and implemented the requirements of the EU Biotechnology Directive in European patent law. (Web site)
  2. The vast majority (83%) of patents in force in the UK today were submitted to and granted by the European Patent Office. (Web site)
  3. This however depends on the number of countries in which the patent proprietor wants to maintain its European patent into force. (Web site)

World Trade Organization

  1. Poland is a member of the World Trade Organization and the European Union.
  2. Latvia is a member of the World Trade Organization (1999) and the European Union (2004). (Web site)
  3. The European Union represents all its members at the World Trade Organization, and acts on behalf of member states in any disputes.


  1. Spanish is one of the official languages of the Organization of American States, the United Nations and the European Union.
  2. The European Atomic Energy Community is a separate entity, but membership and organization is fully integrated with the European Union. (Web site)
  3. She has spoken in various fora, including at the United Nations, the European Parliament, and the Organization of African Unity.


  1. The Council of the European Union and the European Parliament jointly adopt legislation based on a proposal by the European Commission.
  2. The Council and the European Parliament need a proposal from the Commission before they can pass legislation. (Web site)
  3. On 6 April 2006 the European Commission adopted the proposal for a new programme "Citizens for Europe" 2007 - 2013.


  1. The project of European integration is a complex and an on-going project on which people can legitimately take different positions. (Web site)
  2. The project is run by the Benin Ministry of Agriculture, and a number of European, African, and United Nations agencies.
  3. The European Union and European Space Agency then agreed in March 2002 to fund the project, pending a review in 2003 (which was finalized on May 26, 2003).


  1. LL and Y: Unlike Latin and most other European languages, Spanish often uses y as a consonant, as in English yes. (Web site)
  2. He even recalls a proposal that Latin should be the official language of the European Union. (Web site)
  3. Grammars of European languages other than Latin and Classical Greek began to be published at the end of the 15th century. (Web site)


  1. Bulgaria joined NATO on 29 March 2004 and is set to join the European Union on 1 January 2007 after signing the Treaty of Accession on 25 April 2005.
  2. Treaty of Accession 2005 Integrates two nations (Bulgaria and Romania) into the European Union; comes into force on January 1, 2007.
  3. On April 25, 2005 Bulgaria signed the Treaty of Accession with the European Union and is set to join the bloc in 2007. (Web site)


  1. Adeline Hazan (born 21 January 1956 in Paris) is a French politician and Member of the European Parliament for the east of France.
  2. European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), 1st treaty organization of what has become the European Union; established by the Treaty of Paris (1952).
  3. Indian restaurants can also be found in many European and Australian cities, particularly Paris, London, and Istanbul.

European Economic Community

  1. In 1973 Ireland joined the European Economic Community (later the European Community); it is now a member of the European Union. (Web site)
  2. Denmark is a member of NATO and the European Union, having joined the European Economic Community in 1973. (Web site)
  3. Luxembourg is a member of the Benelux Economic Union and was one of the founding members of the European Economic Community (now the European Union). (Web site)


  1. In addition to Egypt, Greece and Rome, polytheism was widespread in ancient Asian, African, European and Native American cultures. (Web site)
  2. It traces its origins to the European Economic Community (EEC) formed in 1957 by the Treaty of Rome between six European countries.
  3. Despite this the European Economic Community and Euratom were established in 1958 by the Treaties of Rome. (Web site)

European Integration

  1. Founded in 1949, the Council of Europe is the oldest organisation working for European integration. (Web site)
  2. C European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) The first major step toward European integration took place in 1950. (Web site)
  3. It is sometimes seen as the driving force behind European integration but is ultimately under the control of the member states. (Web site)


  1. The concept of European integration is itself the subject of much debate.
  2. Beginning in the early 20th century, American Art surveys its subject through the often-critical eyes of European (primarily French) art historians. (Web site)
  3. The legislation it drafts is subject to amendment by the European Parliament and to ratification by the Council of the European Union.


  1. A history of slavery and indentureship has left the country with a mixture of African, Indian, European, Middle Eastern and Chinese people. (Web site)
  2. The majority of the people are of African or mixed African and European descent.
  3. These numbers do not include people who have at least some European ancestry but self-identify as African or Indian.


  1. When Africa was divided up by European powers at the Berlin Conference, Ethiopia was one of only two countries that retained its independence.
  2. In Europe you have the European Union and in Africa you have the African Union," Karzai told newsmen after returning home from China.
  3. During the early 1880s, Germany joined other European powers in the Scramble for Africa.


  1. Co-operation: member states, meeting as the Council of the European Union agree to co-operate and co-ordinate their domestic policies.
  2. The European Community now formed one of three pillars of the new European Union, which included co-operation in matters of foreign policy and home affairs. (Web site)
  3. NATO and the European Union also provided minor support, after Athens asked for co-operation. (Web site)


  1. First ideas of an economic and monetary union in Europe were raised well before establishing the European Communities. (Web site)
  2. Bulgaria has since embarked on economic and political restructuring and is seeking membership of both NATO and the European Union. (Web site)
  3. The euro was established by the provisions in the 1992 Maastricht Treaty on European Union that was used to establish an economic and monetary union. (Web site)


  1. European nations are generally composed of one dominant group, such as the Germans of Germany and the French of France. (Web site)
  2. Later, European colonialism brought words from Portuguese, French, Dutch, and most significantly English. (Web site)
  3. The fall of France in 1940 enabled the German Government to open serious negotiations with the French for the transfer of European Jews to Madagascar. (Web site)


  1. This applies to the United States, Canada, the European Union and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 70 years.
  2. At present IPPRO has active business links with law firms and patent attorneys from the U.S.A., Canada, European and C.I.S. States and other countries.
  3. The group has been designated as a terrorist group by the United States, the European Union, the United Kingdom, Japan, Canada, Australia and Israel.


  1. Previously an applicant could get the right to have a European Patent Office patent just by filing in English, French or German. (Web site)
  2. European patent applications can be filed in any of English, French, or German.
  3. Most of his plays are translated into English, German, French and other languages, and they have been produced in most European countries.


  1. English, Spanish, French and a few other languages have spread far beyond their native borders through European colonization during the last four centuries.
  2. Ben Barek blazed a trail to the European, and particularly French and Spanish, leagues. (Web site)
  3. Spanish is an official language of the European Union. (Web site)

European History

  1. Considered as a milestone in the European History, the Oaths of Strasbourg is a symbol of the birth of France and Germany[ 4].
  2. According to the British historian A.J.P. Taylor, the Polish-Soviet War "largely determined the course of European history for the next twenty years or more. (Web site)
  3. The History of Poland is an important aspect of European history.


  1. People trying to read European History have to read this book because Prussia WAS involved in everything in Europe after the revolutions of 1848. (Web site)
  2. This rescue of Jews being transported was unique in the European history of the Holocaust.
  3. At the dawn of European history, these islands facilitated contacts between the people of the area and of three continents. (Web site)


  1. The European flag is used by both the European Union and the Council of Europe.
  2. In 1972, the Council of Europe (the same body that designed the European flag) adopted Beethoven's "Ode to Joy" theme as its own anthem. (Web site)
  3. Official Seal of Liqenas municipality, Albania Vergina Sun flag at the Kozani Prefecture, along with the European flag and the flag of Greece. (Web site)


  1. Since 1980, Australia, the European Union, the United Kingdom, France, and New Zealand have provided the bulk of Vanuatu's development aid. (Web site)
  2. Citizens of Australia and New Zealand need a visa; citizens of most Western European countries do not require a visa or tourist card. (Web site)
  3. Bombay Dyeing continues to be a dominant player in the export field and supplies to countries in the European Union, USA, Australia and New Zealand.


  1. Fiji 's culture is a tapestry of indigenous Fijian, Indian, European, Chinese, and other nationalities.
  2. Most of the people are Papuan (four-fifths) and Melanesian; ethnic minorities are Polynesian, Chinese, and European. (Web site)
  3. Used to describe the languages of Borneo apart from the Languages of Chinese, Indian or European origin.


  1. The population of French Polynesia is an amalgam of Polynesian (75 percent), Chinese (10 percent), and European (15 percent).
  2. The population of New Zealand is mostly of European descent, with Māori being the largest minority. (Web site)
  3. The population of New Zealand is mostly of European descent, with Maori being the largest minority. (Web site)


  1. The Republic of Estonia is currently a member of the European Union since 1 May 2004 and its economy is rated as ▲ high income by the World Bank.
  2. Malta obtained independence on September 21, 1964, became a Republic on December 13, 1974, and a member of the European Union on May 1, 2004. (Web site)
  3. The Republic of Poland is a Central European country and member of the European Union and NATO, among others.


  1. An unwritten rule establishes that the IMF's managing director must be European and that the president of the World Bank must be from the United States.
  2. The European Council shall bring together the Heads of State or of Government of the Member States and the President of the Commission. (Web site)
  3. The European Council meets at least twice a year, and the President of the Commission now attends in his own right.


  1. Arab incursions starting in the 8th century and Turkic in the 12th were followed by those of European traders, beginning in the late 15th century. (Web site)
  2. At the beginning of each year the Commission shall send a report to the European Parliament and the Council. (Web site)
  3. European monetary union in a globalized world economy: the beginning of end for Europe. (Web site)


  1. After the Meiji Restoration, Japan began to modernize and to industrialize on the European and American pattern.
  2. Millions of people use trains as regular transport in Asian countries like India, South Korea, Japan, China, and in European countries.
  3. German successes in Europe encouraged Japan to increase pressure on European governments in south-east Asia.


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  Short phrases about "European"
  Originally created: November 25, 2006.
  Links checked: April 10, 2013.
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