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  Encyclopedia of Keywords > Health > Nutrition > Nutrients > Fatty Acids > Fatty Acid   Michael Charnine

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  1. A fatty acid is a molecule containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms.

Fatty Acids

  1. A fatty acid has a carboxylic acid at one end and a methyl group at the other end.
  2. This analysis is used to determine the free fatty acid content of fats, i.e., the proportion of the triglycerides that have been hydrolyzed.
  3. Medium chain fatty acid.
  4. EPA is a 20-carbon chain fatty acid, whereas DHA is a 22-carbon chain fatty acid.
  5. The trans fatty acid elaidic acid has different chemical and physical properties owing to the slightly different bond configuration.


  1. Cha and Sachan (1994) studied the effects of saturated fatty acid and unsaturated fatty acid diets on ethanol pharmacokinetics.
  2. A trans fatty acid is made when unsaturated fatty acids are hydrogenated.
  3. Trans fat is the common name for a type of unsaturated fat with trans - isomer fatty acid(s).
  4. Frequently the unsaturated fatty acid stored in the second position of a cell membrane will be arachidonic acid, EPA or DHA (especially in the neurons).

Essential Fatty

  1. An essential fatty acid (EFA) that your body cannot make itself.
  2. Walnuts are high in the essential fatty acid, linolenic acid (about 10% of weight).
  3. Omega-3 essential fatty acid in flax seed also improves shine of the dog and cat's coat.

Gamma-Linolenic Acid

  1. One omega-3 fatty acid is docosahexaenoic acid ( DHA). Vegan DHA sources include NuTru(TM) and DEVA, derived from blue-green algae.
  2. One beneficial omega-6 fatty acid is gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) that can be obtained by supplementation with borage oil.
  3. Another important long-chain fatty acid is gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) which has 18 carbons and three double bonds.
  4. EPA accounted for over 6% of the fatty acid phosphatidylethanolamine of fish-oil fed monkeys, and was undetectable in the other two groups.
  5. Whereas insulin resistance is frequently characterized by high fatty acid levels, CHO restriction can improve insulin resistance while raising fatty acids.

Polyunsaturated Fatty

  1. Makrides, Maria and Gibson, Robert A. Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid requirements during pregnancy and lactation.
  2. Tonon T, Harvey D, Larson TR, Graham IA 2002 Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid production and partitioning to triacylglycerols in four microalgae.

Carbon Atoms

  1. Saturated Fat: A saturated fat is a fat or fatty acid in which there are no double bonds between the carbon atoms of the fatty acid chain.
  2. Elongase enzymes always add carbon atoms (in pairs) to the delta end of the fatty acid.


  1. Kindl H 1993 Fatty acid degradation in plant peroxisomes: function and biosynthesis of the enzymes involved.
  2. Todd J, Post-Beittenmiller D, Jaworski JG 1999 KCS1 encodes a fatty acid elongase 3-ketoacyl-CoA synthase affecting wax biosynthesis in Arabidopsis thaliana.

Saturated Fatty

  1. Hudgins LC: Effect of high-carbohydrate feeding on triglyceride and saturated fatty acid synthesis.
  2. A medium-chain saturated fatty acid (C12 : 0) in butter, coconut oil, and palm oil.
  3. Mother's breast milk is very high in saturated fats, especially lauric saturated fatty acid.


  1. A saturated fatty acid has the maximum possible number of hydrogen atoms attached to every carbon atom.
  2. Because the chain has fewer hydrogens, it is said to be "unsaturated." A fatty acid with one double bond is called "monounsaturated" because it has one gap.


  1. Bao X, Ohlrogge J 1999 Supply of fatty acid is one limiting factor in the accumulation of triacylglycerol in developing embryos.
  2. Pollard M, Ohlrogge J 1999 Testing models of fatty acid transfer and lipid synthesis in spinach leaf using in vivo oxygen-18 labeling.

Acid Synthesis

  1. Rawsthorne S 2002 Carbon flux and fatty acid synthesis in plants.
  2. Suh MC, Schultz DJ, Ohlrogge JB 1999 Isoforms of acyl carrier protein involved in seed-specific fatty acid synthesis.
  3. Subrahmanyam S, Cronan JE Jr 1998 Overproduction of a functional fatty acid biosynthetic enzyme blocks fatty acid synthesis in Escherichia coli.


  1. Each triglyceride molecule is composed of one molecule of glycerol joined by ester linkages to three fatty acid molecules.
  2. In the case of vegetable oils that are 100% triglyceride, 95.6% is fatty acid and the remaining 4.4% is glycerol.


  1. The fatty acid breaks down into hydrocarbons, ketones, aldehydes, and smaller amounts of epoxides and alcohols.
  2. Waxes are fatty acid esters of long-chain alcohols.
  3. Thelen JJ, Ohlrogge JB 2002 Metabolic engineering of fatty acid biosynthesis in plants.
  4. There is free rotation about C-C bonds in the fatty acid hydrocarbon, except where there is a double bond.

Acid Composition

  1. Huang SC, Frische KL. Alteration in mouse splenic phospholipid fatty acid composition and lymphoid cell populations by dietary fat.
  2. They found that the mean fatty acid composition of adipose did not show an association with omega-6 linoleic acid and breast, colon or prostate cancer.
  3. Phosphatidylcholine and placebo supplements were matched for fat content and fatty acid composition ( Table 2 ).
  4. Fatty acid composition of platelets (Table 5 ) and RBC membrane lipids (Table 6 ) did not differ greatly between SHR and WKY rats fed the same diet.


  1. Another essential fatty acid, omega-6, found in fish, can be obtained from borage oil or evening primrose oil supplements.
  2. Flaxseed oil is another source of the omega 3 fatty acid.
  3. It is this Cis geometry that enables our body to properly metabolize the fatty acid.
  4. Omega 3 fatty acid forms a strong foundation for the synthesis of cell mediators.
  5. Omega 3 fatty acid are important building blocks for the cell membranes.

Omega Fatty

  1. Gene expression is also affected by omega 3 fatty acid.
  2. Other sources of omega 3 fatty acid include oily fish such as mackerel and tuna.
  3. The omega 3 benefit of this lifestyle includes a significantly reduced risk of heart disease, due to omega 3 fatty acid.

Acid Content

  1. Almost 50% of its fatty acid content is Lauric Acid, a disease fighting fatty acid.
  2. The trans- fatty acid content can be decreased by reducing the degree of hydrogenation, which results in softer margarines.
  3. The monounsaturated fatty acid content of our diet is accounted for by oleic acid, the predominant component of canola oil, olive oil and sunola.

Polyunsaturated Fat

  1. A fatty acid with one double bond is monounsaturated; one with more is polyunsaturated.
  2. In nutrition, polyunsaturated fat is an abbreviation of polyunsaturated fatty acid.
  3. One polyunsaturated margarine though is now claiming to be trans fatty acid free.
  4. A type of polyunsaturated fat is the "omega-e" fatty acid, found in fish oil.


  1. Descriptors: nutrition, reproduction, birth, fatty acid profiles, gross composition, lactation, vitamin A, vitamin E, harp seal, hooded seal, milk.
  2. Corrigendum to "Nutrient, fatty acid, amino acid and mineral analysis of natural prey of the Hawaiian monk seal, Monachus schauinslandi": [Comp.Biochem.

Acid Fatty

  1. Essential fatty acid metabolism in boys with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
  2. Myristoleic is omega-5 fatty acid, palmitoleic is omega-7 fatty acid, and oleic and erucic acid are omega-9 fatty acids.
  3. Polyunsaturated fatty acid A fatty acid that is missing more than one pair of hydrogen atoms.
  4. Dietary essential fatty acid supply and visual acuity development.
  5. Omega-3 essential fatty acid - Omega-3 fatty acid plays critical role in therapy of immunosuppression.


  1. Health > Nutrition > Nutrients > Fatty Acids
  2. Encyclopedia of Keywords > Society > Humans
  3. Glossaries > Glossary of Nutrition /
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  Originally created: March 20, 2008.
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