Fatty Acids       Article     History   Tree Map
  Encyclopedia of Keywords > Science > Geography > Regions > Omega > Fatty Acids   Michael Charnine

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  1. Fatty acids are activated in the cytosol by esterification with Coenzyme A (CoA) to form acyl-CoA (RCO-CoA, where R is the fatty acid acyl group). (Web site)
  2. Fatty acids are produced by the hydrolysis of the ester linkages in a fat or biological oil (both of which are triglycerides), with the removal of glycerol. (Web site)
  3. Fatty acids are also broken down to acetyl CoA by beta-oxidation and metabolised by the Krebs cycle. (Web site)
  4. Fatty acids are aliphatic monocarboxylic acids derived from, or contained in esterified form in, an animal or vegetable fat, oil, or wax. (Web site)
  5. Fatty acids are a carboxylic acid with a long unbranched aliphatic tail (chain), which is either saturated or unsaturated. (Web site)

Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids

  1. Mattson FH, Grundy SM: Comparison of effects of dietary saturated, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated fatty acids on plasma lipids and lipoproteins in man. (Web site)
  2. Lowered omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in serum phospholipids and cholesterol esters of depressed patients.


  1. Effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in patients with chronic heart failure (the GISSI-HF trial): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. (Web site)
  2. Short chain fatty acids are effective in short-term treatment of chronic radiation proctitis: Randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. (Web site)
  3. Supplementation with n-3 fatty acids from fish oil in chronic inflammatory bowel disease: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover trial.


  1. It tends to promote lipolysis, which results in some reduction of adipose tissue (body fat) and rising amounts of free fatty acids and glycerol in the blood. (Web site)
  2. The liver uses amino acids from muscles and fatty acids and glycerol from adipose tissue. (Web site)
  3. In such situations, adipose tissue triglycerides are hydrolyzed to release free fatty acids and glycerol into the circulation [21]. (Web site)


  1. Insulin facilitates glucose uptake in cells and promotes the synthesis of glycogen and fatty acids. (Web site)
  2. When insulin is very low or absent, these three processes begin to deliver glucose and free fatty acids into the bloodstream.
  3. So diabetics taking essential fatty acids may need less receptors, and ultimately, less insulin. (Web site)


  1. Bile helps break down fats into fatty acids, which can be taken into the body by the digestive tract. (Web site)


  1. The gallbladder is hollow, secretes bile, and is used to assist in the digestion of fat and fatty acids in food.
  2. Threonine combines with the amino acids aspartic acid and methione to help the liver with lipotropic function, or the digestion of fats and fatty acids.


  1. Nuts and seeds are good sources of fiber, protein, minerals, and essential fatty acids. (Web site)
  2. This causes chronic deficiencies of minerals, essential fatty acids and fat-soluble vitamins. (Web site)
  3. Good alternative doctors are knowledgeable about magnesium and other minerals, GABA, omega-3 fatty acids, and many other human-compatible therapies. (Web site)


  1. Free fatty acids from adipose tissue enter the cytosol, become activated, and must enter the mitochondria to be oxidized.
  2. The more Co-Enzyme A, the more fatty acids can be metabolized, which means they are oxidized or burned up as energy production.
  3. This is where fatty acids are oxidized to produce vital biological energy that is essential to run all cellular processes.


  1. Glycogen is broken down to glucose and triglycerides are broken down to fatty acids, both of which are readily utilized for energy. (Web site)
  2. A triglyceride is broken down into two fatty acids and a monoglyceride, which are absorbed by the villi on the intestine walls. (Web site)
  3. The stored triglycerides are broken down into free fatty acids and glycerol, then reformed back into triglycerides again. (Web site)


  1. Loeschke K, Ueberschaer B, Pietsch A, et al.n-3 fatty acids only delay early relapse of ulcerative colitis in remission. (Web site)
  2. Omega-3 fatty acids and low carbohydrate diet for maintenance of remission in Crohn's disease. (Web site)


  1. Biotin is a coenzyme in the metabolism of fatty acids and leucine, and it plays a role in gluconeogenesis. (Web site)


  1. Pantothenic Acid in the form of CoA helps transport and metabolize fatty acids.
  2. By preventing Coenzyme A to drop, Pantothenic Acid decreases your appetite, burns long-chain fatty acids and restores energy.
  3. Pantothenic acid benefits stamina, helps with anxiety and depression, and increases omega-3 essential fatty acids in the body. (Web site)


  1. Your vitamin should contain calcium and magnesium, vitamins A, D, K, B6, and B12, folic acid, and essential fatty acids.
  2. They are a good source of fiber, protein, carbohydrates, unsaturated fatty acids, and minerals including calcium, phosphorus and iron.
  3. Whole soy foods also are a good source of fiber, B vitamins, calcium, and omega-3 essential fatty acids, all important food components. (Web site)


  1. Bile itself is made up of water, salts, fatty acids, lecithin, cholesterol, bilirubin, and mucus and has two main functions.


  1. Involved in the production of amino acid proteins and fatty acids. (Web site)
  2. Biotin is an essential nutrient that is required for cell growth and for the production of fatty acids.
  3. NSAIDs work by suppressing the production of fatty acids called prostaglandins that cause inflammation and pain.

Olive Oil

  1. Examples of liquid carriers are syrup, peanut oil, olive oil, phospholipids, fatty acids, fatty acid amines, polyoxyethylene or water.
  2. Incorporation of fatty acids from fish oil and olive oil into colonic mucosal lipids and effects upon eicosanoid synthesis in inflammatory bowel disease. (Web site)
  3. Fatty acids are obtained by including in the diet nuts, seeds, olive oil, avocados, and full-fat soy milk. (Web site)


  1. Unlike longer-chain carboxylic acids (the fatty acids), acetic acid does not occur in natural triglycerides.
  2. Unlike longer-chain carboxylic acids (the fatty acids), acetic acid does not occur in natural triglyceride s. (Web site)
  3. Unlike the long chain carboxylic acids (fatty acids), acid acetic acid does not occur in natural triglycerides.


  1. Fatty acids react just like any other carboxylic acid, which means they can undergo esterification and acid-base reactions. (Web site)


  1. The bile acids combine with the fatty acids and cholesterol and help these molecules to move into the cells of the mucosa.
  2. All fats and oils are composed of molecules called fatty acids. (Web site)
  3. At one end there is a carboxyl group that gives these molecules the name of fatty acids. (Web site)


  1. Mitochondria are the powerhouses of the cell: they convert chemical energy stored as sugars, amino acids, fatty acids, etc. (Web site)
  2. Reduction of intake of trans fatty acids, animal protein, cholesterol, sodium, and sugars was also observed. (Web site)


  1. Dairy products are full of slimming nutrients, such as protein, calcium, selenium and fatty acids.
  2. By this definition, coexposures to PCBs (and chlorinated pesticides), selenium, and omega-3 fatty acids might influence outcomes of these studies. (Web site)
  3. Serum fatty acids, apolipoproteins, selenium and vitamin antioxidants and the risk of death from coronary artery disease.


  1. Nourishers provide high levels of anti-cancer vitamins, minerals (especially selenium), antioxidants, carotenes, and essential fatty acids. (Web site)
  2. Examples of such molecules are vitamins, antioxidants and certain lipids, for example polyunsaturated fatty acids. (Web site)
  3. Açaí is packed full of antioxidants, amino acids and essential fatty acids. (Web site)


  1. Fat is needed in the diet to supply essential fatty acids, substances essential for growth but not produced by the body itself.
  2. Omega-3 fatty acids are a type of essential fatty acid that we must obtain through our diet. (Web site)
  3. Most individuals with abetalipoproteinemia respond to dietary therapy that consists of a diet that is low in fat especially long-chain saturated fatty acids.


  1. Lecithin is composed of many different components, including Choline, Inositol, Linoleic Acid, Phosphatidylserine, beneficial fatty acids and triglycerides. (Web site)
  2. Lecithins are known among experts as glycerophospholipids which are formed from fatty acids, glycerol, phosphoric acid and choline by esterification. (Web site)
  3. Choline today is marketed as a lipotrope, a substance that can increase the mobilization of fatty acids, thereby helping people to lose body fat. (Web site)


  1. The person has moderate acne because their body does not have enough coenzyme A resources to produce hormones and break down fatty acids at the same time. (Web site)
  2. Albumin functions primarily as a carrier protein for steroids, fatty acids, and thyroid hormones and plays a role in stabilizing extracellular fluid volume. (Web site)
  3. These compounds include calcium, vitamins, hormones, fatty acids, many drugs, and bilirubin. (Web site)


  1. CoA is also important in the biosynthesis of many important compounds such as fatty acids, cholesterol, and acetylcholine.
  2. Riboflavin is thus involved in a wide variety of metabolic pathways, including the biosynthesis and catabolism of amino acids, fatty acids and carbohydrates. (Web site)
  3. Most of the natural fatty acids have an even number of carbon atoms, because their biosynthesis involves acetate which has two carbon atoms.


  1. All fats, fatty acids, amino acids, and proteins contain oxygen (due to the presence of carbonyl groups in these acids and their ester residues). (Web site)
  2. All aerobic organisms produce CO 2 when they oxidize carbohydrates, fatty acids, and proteins in the mitochondria of cells. (Web site)
  3. Nourishing herbs provide high levels of proteins, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, carotenes, and essential fatty acids.


  1. When HCA blocks the production of fatty acids, a buildup of citrate occurs, which may cause the cell to inhibit glycolysis (breakdown of stored sugars). (Web site)
  2. Glucagon also stimulates the breakdown of fats into fatty acids and glycerol.
  3. The fuels that result from the breakdown of triglycerides are glycerol and fatty acids. (Web site)


  1. Certain fatty acids have one or more double bonds in their molecules. (Web site)
  2. Fatty acids can be saturated and unsaturated, depending on double bonds.
  3. Fatty acids can be saturated, monounsaturated or polyunsaturated depending on the number of double bonds exist the hydrocarbon skeleton attached.


  1. Lysine is very important to normal growth and production of carnitine, a nutrient responsible for fatty acids into energy and help lower cholesterol.
  2. It is a constituent of coenzymes involved in the release of energy from glucose and fatty acids in the mitochondria.
  3. It transports long-chain fatty acids into the mitochondria so that they can be burnt to produce energy.


  1. Fish and shellfish contain a type of fat called omega-3 (oh-MAY-guh) fatty acids.
  2. Another type of polyunsaturated fat is found in the oils of fish and shellfish (often referred to as fish oils, or omega-3 fatty acids). (Web site)
  3. Fats that are broken down into fatty acids are the main source of energy in fish especially for the heart and skeletal muscles.


  1. Preferably, the oil or fatty acid is non-volatile, including natural or synthetic oils, fatty acids, mono-, di- or tri-glycerides. (Web site)
  2. The oil derived from Krill is rich in phospholipids, the building blocks for cell membranes, and Essential Fatty Acids including Omega-3, 6 and 9. (Web site)
  3. When the animal or plant forms the fat or oil, glycerol reacts with what are called fatty acids.


  1. Unsuitable for drying alcohols and amines (which form addition compounds), fatty acids, amides, aminoacids, ketones, phenols, or some aldehydes and esters.
  2. Ketoacidosis is a chemical imbalance due to breakdown of fat into fatty acids and ketones for sake of energy.
  3. These cells can make energy from fatty acids, glucose, and ketones, but given a choice, they much prefer to use fats. (Web site)

Carboxylic Acids

  1. Carboxylic Acid Carboxylic acids contain a common and important functional group -COOH in amino acids and fatty acids.
  2. Fatty acids and fatty acid derivatives are another group of carboxylic acids that play a significant role in biology. (Web site)
  3. Coenzyme A contains a reactive sulfhydryl group that is involved in the formation of thioesters with fatty acids and other carboxylic acids. (Web site)


  1. Inositol, a water-soluble vitamin, is found in cell membranes throughout the body and is involved in the metabolism of fatty acids and cholesterol. (Web site)
  2. In other words, carnitine helps the body convert fatty acids into energy, which is used primarily for muscular activities throughout the body. (Web site)
  3. When insulin levels are too low or there is not enough glucose (sugar) to use for energy, the body burns fatty acids for energy.

Amino Acids

  1. Just like starch is broken down into simple sugars, the fat is broken down into fatty acids and the proteins are broken down into peptides or amino acids. (Web site)
  2. Insulin also causes the conversion of amino acids to proteins and fatty acids to fats in the target cells. (Web site)
  3. MS = Acetyl CoA participates in the biosynthesis of fatty acids and sterols, in the oxidation of fatty acids and in the metabolism of many amino acids. (Web site)


  1. Niacin is also essential in the production of NADPH, which is necessary for the synthesis of both fatty acids and steroids.


  1. Thyroid hormones stimulate protein synthesis and increase the use of glucose and fatty acids for ATP production.
  2. Chromium plays an important role in the liver synthesis of fatty acids and helps the body regulate metabolism, insulin and blood sugar levels.
  3. Alternately, they may be used for the synthesis of glucose, fatty acids or ketones, or can be reaminated if ammonium is available (2). (Web site)


  1. Lanolin, a wax, is a mixture of fatty acids, alcohols, and their esters.
  2. Esters of short chain fatty acids and alcohols are known as flavour and fragrance compounds. (Web site)
  3. It is very hard, reflecting the high concentration of saturated fatty acids and alcohols, not esters that characterize softer waxes. (Web site)


  1. Fatty alcohols (cetylic alcohol), fatty acids, waxes (Carnauba wax, ozokerite) can also be used as fatty materials. (Web site)
  2. Waxes are formed from fatty acids and long-chain alcohols. (Web site)

Coronary Heart Disease

  1. Dietary saturated and trans fatty acids and cholesterol and 25-year mortality from coronary heart disease: the Seven Countries Study. (Web site)
  2. Bucher HC, Hengstler P, Schindler C, Meier G. N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in coronary heart disease: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. (Web site)
  3. The interest in these omega 3 fatty acids is a direct result of the observation that Greenland Eskimos had noticeably low rates of coronary heart disease.

Dietary Fat

  1. As mentioned, alcohol's interference with the normal metabolism of fatty acids promotes the deposit of dietary fat in the liver.
  2. Nelson GJ. Dietary fat, trans fatty acids, and risk of coronary heart disease. (Web site)
  3. Dietary fat, rather than simply floating around as free fatty acids, typically is packaged up in the form of a triglyceride. (Web site)

Carbon Atoms

  1. Unsaturated fatty acids have one or more double bonds between carbon atoms. (Web site)
  2. Fatty acids derived from natural fats and oils may be assumed to have at least 8 carbon atoms. (Web site)
  3. As used herein, "fatty acids" refers to saturated and unsaturated, straight and branched carboxylic acids containing 8 to 24 carbon atoms.

Hydrocarbon Chain

  1. Fatty acids consist of a hydrocarbon chain with a carboxylic acid at one end.
  2. In fatty acids, the fourth group is a hydrocarbon chain. (Web site)
  3. In saturated fatty acids, the hydrocarbon chain is linear; the cis double bond in oleate creates a kink in the hydrocarbon chain.


  1. All of those are sources of nutrients helpful for brain functioning, such as folate, B vitamins, vitamin C, vitamin E and omega-3 fatty acids. (Web site)
  2. The Mediterranean diet is rich in heart-healthy fiber and nutrients, including omega-3 fatty acids and antioxidants. (Web site)
  3. Colonic bacteria normally metabolize nutrients with the formation of gas and short chain fatty acids. (Web site)

Bee Pollen

  1. Pygeum an herb from Africa, essential fatty acids, uva-ursi, alanine, glutamic acid and lysine in equal amts & bee pollen. (Web site)


  1. Science > Geography > Regions > Omega
  2. Health > Nutrition > Nutrients > Fats
  3. Fatty
  4. Nature > Matter > Materials > Oils
  5. Nature > Chemistry > Biochemistry > Amino Acids


Fatty Acid
Lauric Acid
Linoleic Acid
Stearic Acid

    Related Keywords

      * Acetyl-Coa * Beta-Oxidation * Carbohydrate * Carbohydrates * Cardiovascular Disease * Chain * Cholesterol * Chylomicrons * Dha * Enzymes * Epa * Essential * Essential Fatty Acids * Esterified * Esters * Fat * Fats * Fatty * Free Fatty Acids * Glucose * Glycerol * Hydrolysis * Ketone Bodies * Lactic * Lipids * Lipoproteins * Long-Chain Fatty Acids * Metabolism * Methyl Esters * Mitochondria * Oils * Oleic * Omega * Omega-3 Fatty Acids * Oxidation * Phospholipids * Saturated * Saturated Fatty Acids * Short-Chain Fatty Acids * Short Chain Fatty Acids * Stearic * Triglycerides * Unsaturated Fatty Acids * Vegetable Oils * Vitamin * Vitamins
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