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  Encyclopedia of Keywords > Glossaries > Glossary of Climate Change /   Michael Charnine

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    This Review contains major "Glossary of Climate Change"- related terms, short phrases and links grouped together in the form of Encyclopedia article.

Action On Climate Change

  1. Many environmental groups encourage individual-lifestyle and political action against global warming, and there has been business action on climate change.
  2. Take action now, visit I Count is a powerful new campaign working to generate political pressure for action on Climate Change.
  3. But nowhere is the imbalance clearer than in Mr. Stern's central argument about the costs and benefits of action on climate change.

Abrupt Climate Change

  1. Abrupt climate change is a relatively new field of study, and I have no idea how plausible the scenario in Robinson’s books are. (Web site)
  2. Abrupt climate change is a sudden, dramatic departure from the prevailing conditions.
  3. Abrupt climate change is a wild card in the divisive debate over the causes of global warming. (Web site)
  4. Abrupt climate change is generally known as a quick and drastic shift in climate that makes it difficult for society and the environment to adapt. (Web site)

Climate Forcing

  1. A CLIMATE FORCING is a mechanism that alters the global energy balance. (Web site)
  2. A climate forcing is an energy imbalance imposed on the climate system either externally or by human activities. (Web site)
  3. A climate forcing is an imposed perturbation of the Earth's energy balance.
  4. Climate Forcing is a phrase often used in place of radiative forcing.
  5. Climate forcing is a measure of the additional power absorbed by Earth's atmosphere, expressed here as instantaneous watts per square meter.


  1. Adaptation is a necessary strategy at all scales to complement climate change mitigation efforts.
  2. Adaptation is a direct response to global warming whereas adoption is an ongoing modernization process largely independent of global warming. (Web site)
  3. Adaptation: The response, either of whole ecosystems, or individual species to changing climate.


  1. Aerosols are also known to have increased over this time, and so they are a natural candidate. (Web site)
  2. Aerosols are microscopic particles suspended in air. (Web site)
  3. The aerosols are contained below 550 hPa (in lowest seven levels of the UM) using a constant mass mixing ratio.


  1. Albedo: The degree of reflection of incident light or radiation reflected by a surface, often expressed as a percentage or a fraction of 1.
  2. The albedo is a measure of reflectivity of a surface or body. (Web site)


  1. Atmosphere: A mixture of gases surrounding the Earth.
  2. Atmosphere: An envelope of gases around the Earth.
  3. Atmosphere: the mixture of gases that surrounds the Earth. (Web site)
  4. The atmosphere is a complex, dynamic and fragile system.
  5. The atmosphere is a complicated system, somewhat similar to human biochemistry.

Atmospheric Window

  1. An atmospheric window is a portion of the EM spectrum that effectively transmits radiant energy.
  2. An atmospheric window is a spectral band in which radiation is largely transmitted through the atmosphere without being absorbed or reflected.

Attribution of Recent Climate Change

  1. See attribution of recent climate change for further discussion.
  2. Attribution of recent climate change attempts to discover what mechanisms are responsible for the observed changes in climate. (Web site)
  3. Summary of the attribution of recent climate change as derived by climate models. (Web site)

Callendar Effect

  1. The Callendar effect is a name for the effect of combustion - produced carbon dioxide on the global climate.

Carbon Audit Regime

  1. A carbon audit regime is a means of accounting for greenhouse gas control efforts. (Web site)
  2. A carbon audit regime is a means of accounting for quantifiable greenhouse gas control efforts.
  3. A carbon audit regime is an effective means of accounting for greenhouse gas control efforts. (Web site)

Carbon Dioxide Sink

  1. A carbon dioxide sink is a biomass which takes in more carbon dioxide than it releases.
  2. A carbon dioxide sink is a carbon reservoir, the opposite of a carbon source.

Carbon Emissions Trading

  1. Carbon Emissions Trading is a viable way to reduce the amount of emissions. (Web site)

Carbon Credit

  1. A carbon credit is a commodity based on the reduction of emissions of pollutants to the air.
  2. A carbon credit is a basic unit which helps companies and establishment meet carbon reduction targets as agreed under Kyoto protocol.
  3. A carbon credit is a slug.
  4. A carbon credit is a tradable monetary security which is equal to one ton of a greenhouse gas, such as carbon dioxide.
  5. A carbon credit is a value placed upon carbon emissions.

Carbon Credits

  1. Carbon Credits are issued by a country or by a group of countries, e.g.
  2. Carbon credits are a key component of national and international emissions trading schemes that have been implemented to mitigate global warming. (Web site)
  3. Carbon credits are envisioned to be sold through a global emissions market, a concept that suffers from fundamental flaws. (Web site)
  4. Carbon credits are issued in exchange for projects reducing carbon emissions.
  5. Carbon credits are named after the most prominent greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide, but can represent other warming gases.

Carbon Offset

  1. A carbon offset is a certificate representing the reduction of one metric ton (2,205 lbs) of carbon dioxide emissions, the principal cause of global warming.
  2. A carbon offset is a certificate that represents a reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
  3. A carbon offset is a credit for CO2 emission reductions that can be bought.
  4. A carbon offset is a fantastic gift for a friend who has everything and contributes to the wellbeing of the world we live in.
  5. A carbon offset is a financial tool to support projects that prevent carbon from being released into the atmosphere. (Web site)

Carbon Offsets

  1. Carbon offsets are a cost effective way to collectively reduce the emissions we cannot readily reduce on our own.
  2. Carbon offsets are a simple and effective way to reduce your carbon footprint.
  3. Carbon offsets are a way for individuals to compensate for their own emissions by investing in emission reductions elsewhere.
  4. Carbon offsets are also generally more cost effective and practical than most measures an individual can take.
  5. Carbon offsets are like cash flows into those companies. (Web site)

Carbon Tax

  1. A carbon tax is a charge levied by governments on industry for each tonne of carbon dioxide it emits.
  2. A carbon tax is a government charge applied to carbon emissions as a means of combatting global warming.
  3. A carbon tax is a great idea. (Web site)
  4. A carbon tax is a ham-handed and grossly inefficient way of putting the pollution externality into the price of fuel.
  5. A carbon tax is a sure-fire way to reduce global warming emissions and speed the transition to a sustainable economy. (Web site)

Carteret Islands

  1. The Carteret islands are sinking. (Web site)


  1. CFCs are better known as the chemicals responsible for depletion of the ozone layer in the stratosphere.
  2. CFCs are chemicals that were commonly used as aerosol propellants as well in fridges, i.e.
  3. CFCs are strictly of human origin.
  4. CFCs are well mixed in the troposphere and the stratosphere. (Web site)
  5. CFCs were made in the past for refrigerants, spray pack propellants, producing foam plastics and as solvents for electronic components. (Web site)

Chicago Climate Exchange

  1. Chicago Climate Exchange is a voluntary cap-and-trade program for reducing and trading greenhouse gas emissions.
  2. The Chicago Climate Exchange is a cap and trade program for air pollutants.
  3. The Chicago Climate Exchange is a market for trading emissions-reductions.
  4. The Chicago Climate Exchange is a non-Kyoto trading platform for carbon credits generated in the United States.
  5. The Chicago Climate Exchange is a voluntary cap-and-trade program for reducing and trading greenhouse gas emissions.

Clean Development Mechanism

  1. The Clean Development Mechanism is a mechanism brought into force by the Kyoto Protocol.
  2. The Clean Development Mechanism is one of the three flexible mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol.
  3. The clean development mechanism is a cooperative mechanism between the Kyoto Protocol signatory developed countries and developing countries.

Clean Coal

  1. Clean Coal is a major component of the National Energy Policy.
  2. Clean coal are enablers here.
  3. Clean coal is a cornerstone of our current energy portfolio, particularly for power generation, and it will continue to be for the long-term future.
  4. Clean coal is a crucial element in our overall policy.
  5. Clean coal is a filthy lie, but it is being swallowed by government and media around the world.

Climate Change

  1. Climate change is a change in the weather over a regular period of time.
  2. Climate change is a departure from the expected average weather or climate normals. (Web site)
  3. Climate change is a serious problem, caused primarily by the carbon dioxide released from burning fossil fuels like oil, coal, and gas.

Climate Model

  1. A "climate Model" is a computer program that takes your ASSUMPTIONS and spits out what you want to hear. (Web site)
  2. A climate model is a computer based version of the Earth system, which represents physical laws and chemical interactions in the best possible way. (Web site)
  3. A climate model is a scientific tool that can be used to understand the functioning of the climate system.
  4. A climate model is a simplified mathematical representation of the Earth's climate system.
  5. A climate model is a synthetic climate system described with mathematical terms.

Climate Models

  1. Climate models are based on models that have been developed to predict our weather.
  2. Climate models are complex, lengthy computer programs based upon the physical laws and equations of motion that govern the Earth’s climate system. (Web site)
  3. Climate models are computer simulations which are used to examine understanding of climate behavior.
  4. Climate models are continually evaluated against datasets of real observations.
  5. Climate models are first judged on how well they reproduce the present-day climate.

Climate Sensitivity

  1. Climate Sensitivity: The natural variation in climate in response to a change in radiative forcing, for example, the enhancement of the greenhouse affect.
  2. Climate sensitivity is a key uncertainty for mitigation scenarios for specific temperature levels. (Web site)
  3. Climate sensitivity is a key uncertainty for mitigation scenarios that aim to meet a specific temperature level. (Web site)
  4. Climate sensitivity is a measure of the equilibrium global surface air temperature change for a particular forcing .
  5. Climate sensitivity is a measure of the equilibrium response to increased GHGs and other anthropogenic and natural climate forcings.

Climate Surprise

  1. A climate surprise is defined by the IPCC as a rapid, non-linear response of the climatic system to anthropogenic climate forcing ( global warming).


  1. Clouds are also very important infrared absorbers.
  2. Clouds are made of droplets of water. (Web site)
  3. Clouds are not composed of greenhouse gas -- they are mostly water droplets -- but absorb about one-fifth of the longwave radiation emitted by Earth.
  4. Clouds are very effective at reflecting light back out into space. (Web site)
  5. Clouds are white on top so they reflect a lot of radiant heat.


  1. Companies are allocated scores on the basis of existing generation and proposed generation and their policy on future energy development. (Web site)
  2. Companies are being attacked by militant environmental organizations such as the Green Army Faction.
  3. Companies are running out of space and power in their datacenters, not to mention struggling with high energy costs.
  4. Companies are then able to buy, sell or trade the credits as needed, provided they possess enough credits to cover their own emissions.
  5. The companies were allowed to review the parts of the report describing them before publication, but did not necessarily accept its conclusions. (Web site)


  1. Compliance is a matter of whether and to what extent countries do adhere to the provisions of the accord.
  2. Compliance was high in 2006, increasing confidence in the scheme, although the value of allowances dropped when the national caps were met.


  1. The Conference was held at a crucial time in the climate treaty negotiation process. (Web site)
  2. The conference is a unique opportunity to show the rest of the world what Denmark is good at.
  3. The conference was already then known to follow a political agenda rather than the truth.
  4. The conference was co-hosted by Tech Central Station and was held on October 7, 2004 in Toronto, ON.

Contraction And Convergence

  1. Contraction and Convergence is a registered trademark of the Global Commons Institute.
  2. Contraction and Convergence is a set of principles to be used as a framework for international agreements to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
  3. Contraction and Convergence is a straightforward model for an international agreement on greenhouse gas emissions. (Web site)
  4. Contraction and Convergence is a useful tool for estimating what national emissions path a country should be aiming for.


  1. The Convention is designed to allow countries to weaken or strengthen the treaty in response to new scientific developments.
  2. The Convention was opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, on June 4, 1992, and came into force on March 21, 1994. (Web site)
  3. The convention was updated by the Kyoto Protocol of 1997, which Australia signed but has not yet ratified. (Web site)


  1. Countries are also able to gain credits for activities which boost the environment's capacity to absorb carbon. (Web site)
  2. Countries are also researching hot-dry-rock geothermal technologies which have some possibilities.
  3. Countries are going to war over oil. (Web site)
  4. Countries are ranked by their carbon dioxide emissions per capita in 2003.
  5. Countries are ranked by their metric tones of carbon dioxide emissions per capita in 2004. (Web site)


  1. Dendroclimatology is a young science—improvements in methods are being made to squeeze the most insight from tree ring evidence.
  2. Dendroclimatology is the science of determining past climates from trees (primarily tree rings). (Web site)
  3. Dendroclimatology is the science of extracting climate information from tree rings.
  4. Dendroclimatology: The science of analyzing tree ring growth to reconstruct year-to-year, seasonal, and yearly climatic variations.
  5. Dendroclimatology: The study of relationship between annual tree growth and climate.

Effects of Global Warming

  1. The effects of global warming are already in evidence.
  2. The effects of global warming are cumulative, the more greenhouse gases that are trapped the more the situation will be exacerbated. (Web site)
  3. The effects of global warming are increasingly visible.
  4. The effects of global warming are very difficult to predict but are of global concern. (Web site)
  5. The effects of global warming are very foremost.

Emissions Scenarios

  1. Emissions scenarios are a central component of any assessment of climate change. (Web site)
  2. Emissions scenarios are converted into concentration scenarios that are used as input for climate model projections. (Web site)
  3. Emissions scenarios are plausible representations of the future development of emissions of radiatively active substances (e.g. (Web site)

Emissions Trading

  1. Emissions trading is a flexible market-based mechanism for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
  2. Emissions Trading is a market-based system that allows firms the flexibility to select cost-effective solutions to achieve established environmental goals.
  3. Emissions Trading is a sophisticated market oriented economic instrument, and (much like the banking network) needs a regulatory structure around it.
  4. Emissions trading is a key component of UK and wider European action to tackle climate change.
  5. Emissions trading is a key part of the longer term solution to greenhouse gas emissions. (Web site)

Energy Development

  1. Energy development is the field concerned with providing abundant and accessible energy to all humans. (Web site)
  2. Energy development is the ongoing effort to provide abundant and accessible energy, through knowledge, skills and constructions.
  3. Energy development is the ongoing effort to provide sustainable energy resources through knowledge, skills, and constructions.

European Climate Change Programme

  1. The European Climate Change Programme is the Commission's main instrument to discuss and prepare the further development of the EU's climate policy.

European Climate Exchange

  1. The European Climate Exchange is a sister company of the Chicago Climate Exchange that manages sales and marketing of environmental instruments in Europe. (Web site)


  1. Eustasy is one of several terms that are used to describe the changing relationships between sea level and dry land.
  2. Eustasy is the term for a sudden and uniform rising of ocean waters.


  1. Forcings are a convenient tool for those who do science but not for layman.
  2. The forcings are calculated from the equations of Table 1. (Web site)


  1. FutureGen is a $1 billion federal project to design, build and operate the world's most advanced, emissions-free, coal-fueled power plant.
  2. FutureGen is a public-private partnership to build a first-of-its-kind coal-fueled, near- zero emissions power plant.
  3. FutureGen is a public-private partnership to build the world's first near zero-emissions coal-fueled power plant. (Web site)
  4. FutureGen is a public-private sponsorship that will create the world’s first coal-based electricity and hydrogen plant with near-zero emissions.
  5. FutureGen is an initiative to equip multiple new clean coal power plants with advanced carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology.


  1. Germany is a federal parliamentary republic of sixteen states ( Bundesl--nder).
  2. Germany is a federal, parliamentary, representative democratic republic.
  3. Germany is a legally and socially tolerant country towards homosexuals.
  4. Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G4 nations, and signed the Kyoto protocol.
  5. Germany is one of the leading motorsports countries in the world.

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  Originally created: February 15, 2008.
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