Glossary of Plant morphology       Article     History   Tree Map
  Encyclopedia of Keywords > Glossaries > Glossary of Plant Morphology /   Michael Charnine

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Accessory Fruit

  1. An accessory fruit is a fruit where the fleshy part is derived not from the ovary but from some adjacent tissue.
  2. An accessory fruit is one in which the fleshy, nutritive food for the seed is derived from a part of the plant other than the ovary, like a strawberry.


  1. Abscission is a natural process of plant growth induced by the plant, in contrast to decaying or falling off do to other causes.
  2. Abscission is a natural process of plant growth induced by the plant, in contrast to decaying or falling off due to other causes.


  1. An achene is a type of simple dry fruit produced by many species of flowering plants.
  2. The achene is a dry, one-seeded, indehiscent fruit, the pericarp of which is closely applied to the seed, but separable from it.

Aerial Root

  1. AERIAL ROOT - A root which grows out from the stem above ground level.


  1. Anemophily is a form of pollination whereby pollen is distributed by wind.

Annual Plant

  1. An annual plant is a plant that completes its entire life cycle from seed to seed in one year.
  2. An annual plant is a plant that usually germinates, flowers and dies in one year.


  1. AREOLE - A small well-defined area, usually hairy and cushion-like, found on the stem of cacti.
  2. Areole: A specialized spin-bearing structure found on the stems of all members of the cactus family.


  1. ARIL is a not-for-profit organization located at 475 Riverside Drive in New York City.
  2. Aril is a bouncy little word, kind of friendly and inviting.
  3. Aril is a well renomm--d Director of Photography in both commercials and features.

Axillary Bud

  1. An axillary bud is a concentration of meristematic tissue capable of developing into a tiller.
  2. An axillary bud is a growing point ( bud) that occurs in an axil (where the leaf joins the stem) of a leaf.


  1. Beans are a major source of dietary protein in Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia.
  2. Beans are a source of Niacin, Thiamin, Riboflavin, B6 vitamins and many other nutrients as well.
  3. Beans are grown throughout the world.
  4. Beans are high in potassium which is required for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles.
  5. Beans are the best source of folate and are excellent sources of minerals and vitamins.


  1. Berry is the author of more than thirty books of poetry, essays, and novels.
  2. Berry is the fifth generation of his father's family and the sixth generation of his mother's to farm in Henry County, Kentucky.
  3. Berry was a member of the Church of Christ; his third wife, Hannah, was a faithful Baptist.
  4. Berry was a moody man who burned many bridges in his life and was never nice to those he did not know well.
  5. Berry was also involved in a class-action lawsuit regarding videotapes made of women without their consent.

Biennial Plant

  1. A Biennial plant is a Plant that takes between twelve and twenty-four months to complete its Lifecycle .
  2. A Biennial plant is a plant that takes between twelve and twenty-four months to complete its Biological life cycle lifecycle.
  3. A biennial plant is a flowering plant that takes between twelve and twenty-four months to complete its lifecycle.
  4. A biennial plant is a flowering plant that takes two years to complete its lifecycle.


  1. BRACT - A modified leaf, often highly colored and sometimes mistaken for a petal.
  2. BRACT - A modified leaf, sometimes colored and sometimes mistaken for a petal.


  1. Bracts are not observed at the junction between the spikelet pedicel and the growth axis (D arrow).
  2. Bracts are ordinarily associated with reproductive structures (subtending flowers , inflorescence axes, or cone scales ).


  1. A branch is a part of a wood y plant such as a tree, shrub, or vine.
  2. A branch is a part of a woody plant such as a tree, shrub, or vine.


  1. A bulb is an underground vertical shoot that has modified leaves (or thickened leaf bases) that are used as food storage organ s by a dormant plant.
  2. A bulb is an underground vertical shoot that has modified leaves (or thickened leaf bases) that is used as food storage organs by a dormant plant.
  3. BULB - A storage organ, usually formed below ground level, used for propagation.
  4. BULB - The thickened underground storage organ of the group of perennials which includes daffodils and tulips.
  5. Bulb - a short vertical underground stem with fleshy storage leaves attached, e.g.

Buttress Roots

  1. Buttress roots are large roots on all sides of a tall or shallowly rooted tree.
  2. Instead, rain forest trees are often supported by thick buttress roots.


  1. The calyptra is a modified portion of an archegonium that protects the foot of the sporophyte.


  1. Calyx: the outer whorl of sepals; typically these are green, but are petal-like in some species.
  2. Calyx: The outer whorl of sepals which when unfolded protect the unopened forming flower bud.
  3. CALYX - The outer ring of flower parts, usually green but sometimes colored.
  4. The calyx is part of the perianth of the flower.
  5. The calyx is the outer part of the perianth, which comprises the sterile inner and outer tepals that are usually differentiated into petals and sepals.


  1. A carpel is the basic unit of the female reproductive organ of a flower, the gynoecium.
  2. A carpel is the basic unit of the gynoecium.
  3. A carpel is the female reproductive organ of a flower; the basic unit of the gynoecium.
  4. A carpel is the intrinsic mob of the female reproductive organ of a flower, the gynoecium.
  5. A carpel is the outer, often visible part of the female reproductive organ of a flower; the basic unit of the gynoecium.


  1. Carpels are difficult to distinguish in dry, indehiscent fruits (e.g.
  2. Carpels are structures that are made up from an ovary and a stigma and that contain one or more ovules.
  3. Carpels are the female reproductive organs of a flower.
  4. Carpels are the innermost parts of a complete flower and they are united to form the gynoecium ( pistil).
  5. The carpels are united and commonly enclose a single locule, but there may be 3 to 12, 1 for each carpel.


  1. Cereal grains Cereal crops are grown for their palatable fruit ( grains or caryopsis), which are primarily endosperm.
  2. Genetic basis of barley caryopsis dormancy and seedling desiccation tolerance at the germination stage.
  3. Cereal crops are mostly grasses cultivated for their edible seeds (actually a fruit called a grain, technically a caryopsis).


  1. CATKIN - A slender, spikelike, drooping flower cluster.
  2. Catkin - a soft spike or raceme, composed of small unisexual flowers.
  3. Catkin is the smallest kitten in the litter of cats belonging to the Wise Woman, who names him for the tiny catkins growing outside her window.


  1. Compound - a collection of two or more simple inflorescences aggregated together.
  2. Compound: The leaf is separated into distinct leaflets, each with its own small petiole (but without an axillary bud).

Compound Leaf

  1. COMPOUND LEAF - A leaf made up or two or more leaflets attached to the leaf stalk; e.g Schefflera.
  2. Compound leaf: A leaf divided into several distinct leaflets.

Compound Leaves

  1. Compound leaves are a characteristic of some families of higher plants, such as the Fabaceae.
  2. Compound leaves are common in many plant families.


  1. A corm is a swollen stem base that is modified into a mass of storage tissue.
  2. CORM - A thickened underground stem which produces roots, leaves and flowers during the growing season.
  3. Corm - a compact, upright orientated stem that is bulb-like with hard or fleshy texture and normally covered with papery, thin dry leaves.
  4. Corm - a short enlarged underground, storage stem, e.g.
  5. The corm is the base of a stem that becomes swollen, and solid, with food for it to live on.


  1. COROLLA - The ring of separate or fused petals which is nearly always responsible for the main floral display.
  2. Corolla is the collective term for petals of a flower taken as a group within the calyx.
  3. Corolla is the overall structure of the petals of a flower taken as a group within the calyx.
  4. Corolla: What most people think of as 'the flower' - the one or more layers of petals which form around the receptacle.
  5. Corolla: the whorl of petals, which are usually thin, soft and colored to attract insects that help the process of pollination.


  1. A corymb is a racemose inflorescence that is flat-topped or convex because the outer pedicels are progressively longer than the inner ones.
  2. Corymb - a grouping of flowers where all the flowers are at the same level, the flower stalks of different lengths forming a flat-topped flower cluster.


  1. A cyme is a class of determinate inflorescences characterized by the terminal flower blooming first.
  2. CYME - A flat-topped or domed flower head in which the flowers at the center open first.


  1. DRUPE - A type of fruit (i.e.
  2. The drupe is a succulent usually one-seeded indehiscent fruit, with a pericarp easily distinguishable into epicarp, mesocarp and endocarp.


  1. Endocarp is the hard inner layer of the Pericarp pericarp of some fruit s that contains the seed .


  1. An endodermis is a thin layer of small cells forming the innermost part of the cortex and surrounding the vascular tissue s deeper in the root.
  2. An endodermis is a thin layer of small cells forming the innermost part of the cortex and surrounding the vascular tissues deeper in the root.
  3. Endodermis is the bottom layer of skin.
  4. The endodermis is the innermost layer of the cortex.


  1. Endosperm is a highly nutritive tissue that can provide food for the developing embryo, the cotyledons, and sometimes for the seedling when it first appears.
  2. Endosperm is a triploid tissue (containing three sets of chromosome s) found in the seeds of flowering plant s.
  3. Endosperm is a triploid tissue (containing three sets of chromosomes) found in the seeds of flowering plants.
  4. Endosperm is the albumin tissue produced in the seeds of most flowering plants around the time of fertilization.
  5. Endosperm is the tissue produced in the seeds of most flowering plants around the time of fertilization.


  1. Lengthening of the epicotyl is thought to be controlled by the phytochrome photoreceptors.
  2. The incorporation of leucine-C14 into microsomal particles and other subcellular components of the pea epicotyl.
  3. Grain embryos also possess a coleoptile and a coleorhiza sheathing the epicotyl and the radicle, respectively.


  1. The converse, where the cotyledons expand, throw off the seed shell and become photosynthetic above the ground, is epigeal.
  2. Polhill (1981) reported that Sophoreae seedlings were indiscriminately hypogeal or epigeal.
  3. Epigeal germinators are normally sown in early spring, and hypogeal germinators in late summer or fall.


  1. An epiphyte is an organism that grows upon or attached to a living plant.
  2. EPIPHYTE - A plant which grows on another plant but gets its nourishment from the air and rainfall.
  3. Epiphyte is one of the subdivisions of the Raunki--r system.


  1. Exocarp - the pericarp's outer part.

False Berry

  1. The fruit of Cucurbitaceae is a false berry called a pepo.
  2. A false berry or epigynous berry is an accessory fruit found in certain plant species with an inferior ovary, distinguishing it from a true berry.


  1. A fasciation is a widespread phenomena reported in more than 100 vascular plant species.
  2. Fasciation was one of Mendel's 14 heritable characters in pea, and also has a long history of study in maize (Emerson 1912).


  1. The fig is one of the two sacred trees in Islam.
  2. A fig is a special type of multiple called a syconium, in which the flowers are borne on the inside of an enlarged, hollow receptacle.
  3. Common Fig[ verification needed] caprifigs have three crops per year; edible figs have two.


  1. A flower is a rather complex structure formed by the flower axis that is usually transformed into the receptacle and the perianth.
  2. A flower is the part of the plant that makes the seeds.
  3. The Flower: The flower is the reproductive unit of some plants (angiosperms).
  4. The flower is a common decoration flower during Chinese New Year.
  5. The flower is the official flower of the state of West Bengal, India, as well as the Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand.


  1. Flowers are 11-15 mm long, almost sedentary, lower flowers are alternate, upper ones more or less subverticilate inside.
  2. Flowers are a symbol of life and a source of birth and healing.
  3. Flowers are also dried, freeze dried and pressed in order to create permanent, three-dimensional pieces of flower art.
  4. Flowers are clustered in 9-10 verticils on 5 flowers.
  5. Flowers are clustered in trusses 6 to 30 cm long, positioned on long floral shoots.


  1. A follicle is the product of a simple pistil; it opens along the ventral suture.
  2. The follicle is a dry unilocular many-seeded fruit, formed from one carpel and dehiscing by the ventral suture.
  3. The follicle is a tiny but powerful factory, which throughout the human life span hardly ever stops working.


  1. A forb is a flowering plant with a non-woody stem that is not a grass.
  2. A forb is a non-woody flowering plant that is not a grass.


  1. A frond is the leaf - like structure of a fern or alga .
  2. A frond is a large leaf with many divisions to it, and the term is typically used for the leaves of palms, ferns or cycads.
  3. A frond is the leaf structure of a fern or alga.
  4. A frond is the leaf structure of a fern.
  5. FROND - A leaf of a fern or palm.

Related Keywords

    * Fruit * Fruits * Glume * Gynoecium * Herbaceous * Hydrophily * Hydrophyte * Hypanthium * Hypocotyl * Hypogeal * Inflorescence * Inflorescences * Internodes * Keiki * Labellum * Leaf * Leaflet * Leaflets * Leaf Shape * Leaves * Legume * Liana * Lignotuber * Ligule * Mesocarp * Monocarpic * Monopodial * Ovary * Ovule * Ovules * Panicle * Parthenocarpy * Peduncle * Perennial Plant * Pericarp * Pericycle * Petal * Petals * Petiole * Petioles * Phyllode * Phyllotaxis * Pinnate * Pistil * Pith * Plant Morphology * Plant Stem * Pollen * Pollination * Pome * Primordia * Pseudobulb * Pubescent * Raceme * Rachis * Radicle * Root * Schizocarp * Seed * Seedlessness * Seeds * Sepal * Shoot * Shrub * Spadix * Spike * Sporophyte * Stamen * Stamens * Stem * Stigma * Stipe * Stipule * Stolon * Subshrub * Succulent Plant * Sympodial * Synsepal * Tendril * Tree * Trichome * Tuber * Tuberous Root * Twig * Umbel * Utricle * Veins * Vernation * Vine * Xerophyte * Zoophily
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  Short phrases about "Glossary of Plant Morphology"
  Originally created: June 25, 2008.
  Links checked: July 25, 2013.
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