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  Encyclopedia of Keywords > Glossaries > Glossary of Viruses /   Michael Charnine

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    This Review contains major "Glossary of Viruses"- related terms, short phrases and links grouped together in the form of Encyclopedia article.

Barley Yellow Dwarf

  1. Barley yellow dwarf is a widespread disease that affects small grains and many grass species, as well as wheat, barley and oat. (Web site)
  2. Barley yellow dwarf is a worldwide disease of cereal crops, including barley, wheat, oat, rice, rye, triticale and maize. (Web site)
  3. Barley yellow dwarf is the most widely distributed and the most economically important virus disease of wheat. (Web site)
  4. Barley yellow dwarf is a disease associated with large numbers of hosts, vectors, and yield loss.
  5. Barley yellow dwarf is a plant disease caused by the barley yellow dwarf virus , and is the most widely distributed viral disease of cereals.


  1. The viruses are carried by a number of rodents, including the brown rat, the striped field mouse, and the yellow-necked mouse.
  2. The viruses are geographically restricted to the areas where their host species live. (Web site)
  3. The viruses are shed into the environment in the urine or droppings of infected hosts.
  4. The viruses are a positive-sense ssRNA virus, placing them in Group IV of the Baltimore classification where they are unassigned as to order.
  5. The viruses are called picornaviruses and infect more than 1 billion people worldwide each year.

Rna Viruses

  1. RNA viruses are very small (in comparison to DNA-viruses) and associated with the mitochondria of host cells. (Web site)
  2. RNA viruses are thought to be more primitive than DNA viruses. (Web site)
  3. RNA viruses are major human pathogens ( 350 identified) causing millions of deaths annually.
  4. RNA viruses are dependent on virally encoded RNA replicase to create copies of their genomes. (Web site)
  5. RNA viruses are heavily dependent upon virally encoded RNA replicase to create copies of their genomes. (Web site)


  1. The virions are 'split' (using solvents to disrupt the viral envelope) to produce subvirions.
  2. The virions are 80-120 nm in diameter and 200-300(-3000) nm long. (Web site)
  3. The virions are counted and the number extrapolated to estimate the number of virions in the undiluted mixture.
  4. The virions are counted and the number extrapolated to reach the number of virions in the undiluted mixture. (Web site)
  5. The virions are drawn to scale, but artistic license has been used in representing their structure. (Web site)

Cervical Cancer

  1. Cervical cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related death among women in developing countries, with up to 80% of patients presenting with advanced disease.
  2. Cervical cancer is a major global health problem, with approximately 510,000 new cases being reported every year.
  3. Cervical cancer is a malignancy of the cervix. (Web site)
  4. Cervical cancer is a preventable disease if patients are routinely screened for it and if patients with precursors of the disease are treated early. (Web site)
  5. Cervical cancer is an important cause of preventable cancer-related death among women. (Web site)


  1. Cowpox is a contagious viral disease of cows and is a mild form of smallpox. (Web site)
  2. Cowpox is a benign disease due to infection with a virus closely related to the smallpox (variola) virus. (Web site)
  3. Cowpox is a disease of cows that can also affect humans.
  4. Cowpox is a disease of the skin caused by a virus ( Cowpox virus) that is related to the Vaccinia virus. (Web site)
  5. Cowpox is a disease of the skin caused by a virus that is related to the Vaccinia virus.


  1. Herpesviruses are among the most successful of all vertebrate parasites. (Web site)
  2. Herpesviruses are highly successful pathogens infecting animals and man. (Web site)
  3. Herpesviruses are widely distributed in nature. (Web site)

Nucleic Acid

  1. A nucleic acid is a macromolecule composed of nucleotide chains.
  2. Nucleic acid is a remarkable substance whose biological importance was not realized until 1953.
  3. Nucleic acid was extracted as previously described ( 4) by using the MagNA Pure LC instrument (Roche, Basel, Switzerland). (Web site)
  4. Nucleic acid was extracted from 200 µl of urine or serum using the QIAamp DNA Blood kit (Qiagen, Hilden, Germany) and eluted with 200 µl of buffer. (Web site)

Nucleic Acids

  1. Nucleic acids were ethanol precipitated and resuspended in 15 µl of water. (Web site)
  2. Nucleic acids were ethanol precipitated and suspended in 25 µl of water. (Web site)
  3. Nucleic acids were extracted from 200 µl of the resulting supernatant with the QIAamp blood kit. (Web site)

Rna Virus

  1. A RNA virus is a virus that has RNA as its genetic material.
  2. An RNA virus is a virus that either uses RNA as its genetic material, or whose genetic material passes through an RNA intermediate during replication. (Web site)
  3. An RNA virus is a virus that has ribonucleic acid (RNA) as its genetic material and does not replicate using a DNA intermediate. (Web site)
  4. An RNA virus is a virus which belongs to either Group III, Group IV or Group V of the Baltimore classification system of classifying viruses. (Web site)


  1. Rubella is a common childhood infection usually with minimal systemic upset although transient arthropathy may occur in adults. (Web site)
  2. Rubella is a contagious viral infection with mild symptoms associated with a rash.
  3. Rubella is a disease primarily affecting young children, but adolescents and young adults are also affected.
  4. Rubella is a disease that occurs worldwide. (Web site)
  5. Rubella is a mild illness which may present few or no symptoms. (Web site)


  1. Smallpox is a contagious and virulent disease caused by the variola virus. (Web site)
  2. Smallpox is a contagious disease unique to humans.
  3. Smallpox is a contagious infection caused by the variola virus.
  4. Smallpox is a devastating disease with a high case-fatality rate.
  5. Smallpox is a devastating viral illness that was eradicated after an aggressive widespread vaccination campaign.


  1. Hepevirus is a viral genus, which contains the type species Hepatitis E virus.[1] References 1.
  2. Hepevirus is a fairly isolated viral genus in which the virions are characterized by round, non-enveloped and isometric capsids with a diameter of 27-34 nm. (Web site)
  3. Hepevirus is a viral genus , which contains the type species Hepatitis E virus .
  4. Hepevirus is a viral genus with no currently assigned family.

Adeno-Associated Virus

  1. Adeno-associated virus is a nonpathogenic parvovirus which consists of single-stranded DNA molecule with 4,680 nucleotides.


  1. Adenoviridae are a family of non-enveloped viruses, which consists of four genera: Mastadenovirus, Aviadenovirus, Atadenovirus and Siadenovirus.


  1. Arenaviridae is a member of the family of (-) sense RNA viruses.
  2. The Arenaviridae are a family of viruses responsible for diseases such as hemorrhagic fevers. (Web site)
  3. The Arenaviridae are a family of viruses whose members are generally associated with rodent-transmitted disease in humans.


  1. Arenavirus is a genus of virus .
  2. Arenavirus is a rodent transmitted viral disease.
  3. Arenavirus is a virus that belongs in a viral family known as Arenaviridae. (Web site)
  4. Arenavirus: One of a family of viruses called Arenaviridae whose members are generally associated with diseases transmitted by rodents to humans.


  1. Arenaviruses are associated with persistent infections in the natural vertebrate host, even when the host is producing antibody (12).
  2. Arenaviruses are classified as segmented negative-strand RNA viruses.
  3. Arenaviruses are distributed in a variety of rodent species worldwide and they are usually apathogenic in their natural hosts (Buchmeier et al., 2001). (Web site)
  4. Arenaviruses are emerging pathogens known to infect via the mucosa, however no formal attempts to make mucosal vaccines have been undertaken.
  5. Arenaviruses are enveloped. (Web site)


  1. Arterivirus is a genus of virus , with type species Equine arteritis virus .


  1. These observations suggested that the ANV (G-4260 strain) is a new genus of the family Astroviridae. (Web site)
  2. Astroviruses belong to the virus family Astroviridae.
  3. Members of a relatively new virus family, the astroviridae, astroviruses are now recognised as a cause of gastroenteritis in children and adults.


  1. A baculovirus is a virus that replicates only in the cells of Lepidopteran insects - butterflies and moths.
  2. A baculovirus is a virus that replicates only in the cells of butterflies, moths and caterpillars.
  3. Baculovirus is a widely used tool for recombinant protein production.


  1. Birnaviridae is a dsRNA virus family with members infecting numerous animal species.
  2. Birnaviridae: A family of bisegmented, double-stranded RNA viruses causing infection in fish, mollusks, fowl, and Drosophila. (Web site)
  3. The Birnaviridae is a poorly studied virus family.
  4. The birnaviridae are type-III viruses in the Baltimore classification, which means they have a double-stranded RNA genome.

Brome Mosaic Virus

  1. Brome mosaic virus is the type species. (Web site)


  1. The Bromoviridae family is one of the most important families of plant viruses, as they are the most widespread.
  2. Bromoviridae, generated from ICTVdB, a DELTA database.
  3. Taxonomic relationship: Type member of the Bromovirus genus, family Bromoviridae. (Web site)


  1. Bunyaviridae are single-stranded RNA viruses with negative polarity, the genome is circular with the size around 11-19 kbp. (Web site)
  2. Bunyaviridae are vector-borne viruses. (Web site)
  3. Bunyaviridae is a family of (-)-sense RNA viruses.
  4. Bunyaviridae is a family of enveloped viruses.
  5. Bunyaviridae is a family of negative-stranded RNA viruses .

Bwamba Fever

  1. Bwamba fever virus is transmitted from vertebrate to vertebrate through a mosquito vector, Anopheles funestus, and causes Bwamba fever.
  2. Bwamba Fever virus is from the genus Orthobunyavirus and belongs to the order Bunyaviridae.
  3. A genus of viruses in the family Bunyaviridae; a serologic group of the genus Bunyavirus; associated with cases of Bwamba fever in Uganda.


  1. Caliciviridae is a family of nonenveloped, icosahedral, positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses. (Web site)
  2. The Caliciviridae are divided into five groups, tentatively designated distinct genera, on the basis of sequence relatedness and genomic organization ( 8).
  3. The Caliciviridae is a family of nonenveloped, icosahedral, positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses. (Web site)


  1. Caliciviruses are classified in the family Caliciviridae.
  2. Caliciviruses are clearly distinct from other picorna-like viruses. (Web site)
  3. Caliciviruses are not very well studied because they do not grow in culture and there is no suitable animal model. (Web site)
  4. Caliciviruses are now recognized as potentially important human pathogens, infecting a large percentage (18%) of a sampled human population. (Web site)
  5. Caliciviruses are related to Noroviruses.

California Encephalitis Virus

  1. California encephalitis virus causes encephalitis in humans. (Web site)
  2. California encephalitis virus belongs to the Bunyaviridae family of viruses, and the genus Bunyavirus.
  3. The arbovirus California encephalitis virus was first isolated in 1943 from mosquitoes collected in Kern County, California (1).

Canine Parvovirus

  1. Canine Parvovirus is a disease of widespread distribution which may cause severe dehydrating, diarrhea in dogs of varying ages. (Web site)
  2. Canine Parvovirus is a highly contagious and fatal disease caused by a virus that attacks the gastrointestinal tract of puppies and dogs.
  3. Canine Parvovirus is a small but extremely hardy virus that can survive in the environment for long periods.
  4. Canine Parvovirus is a viral disease of dogs that was first reported in early 1978. (Web site)
  5. Canine Parvovirus is probably the single most devastating disease to attack the dog population. (Web site)


  1. A capsid is the protein shell of a virus. (Web site)
  2. The capsid is an arrangement of 60 protomers in a tightly packed Icosahedral structure.


  1. The Caudovirales are an order of viruses, better known as the tailed bacteriophages. (Web site)
  2. The Caudovirales are an order of viruses, comprising the bacteriophages that have tails. (Web site)

Cauliflower Mosaic Virus

  1. The ribosomal shunt translation strategy of cauliflower mosaic virus has evolved from ancient long terminal repeats.
  2. Bonneville, J. M., Sanfaçon, H., Fütterer, J. & Hohn, T. (1989). Posttranscriptional trans-activation in cauliflower mosaic virus. (Web site)
  3. Cauliflower mosaic virus, known as CaMV, attacks a plant group that includes cauliflower, broccoli, cabbages, turnips, canola and many types of mustard. (Web site)


  1. However, there are several important differences between retroviruses and viruses from the caulimoviridae family.
  2. Examples of the second type are the Hepadnaviridae which includes Hepatitis B virus and the Caulimoviridae - e.g.
  3. Caulimoviridae virions consist of a non-enveloped capsid. (Web site)


  1. TD {font-size:10pt} Circoviridae - definition of Circoviridae in the Medical dictionary - by the Free Online Medical Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia. (Web site)
  2. Die unbeh--llten Kapside der Circoviridae sind (sehr variabel nach Spezies) 15-30 nm im Durchmesser gro-- und besitzen eine ikosaedrische Symmetrie. (Web site)
  3. Circoviridae, generated from ICTVdB, a DELTA database.


  1. Comoviridae is a family of icosahedral plant viruses characterized by a divided genome.


  1. The complex is a six-helix bundle comprising a trimer of MHV 2-Helix. (Web site)
  2. The complex was captured with protein A magnetic beads (New England Biolabs) as described previously (Oka et al., 2005b). (Web site)
  3. The complex was then incubated with 35 S-labeled lysates of THOV-infected cells for 2 h at 4 °C in the presence of 150 m M NaCl. (Web site)


  1. Coronaviridae : a review of coronaviruses and toroviruses The family Coronaviridae comprises not only the genus Coronavirus but.
  2. Coronaviridae is a viral family that infects birds and mammals and causes a variety of diseases ( 3). (Web site)
  3. The Coronaviridae is a monogeneric family comprising 11 viruses which infect vertebrates.


  1. Coronavirus is a genus of animal virus belonging to the family Coronaviridae.
  2. Coronavirus is a highly contagious viral infection of the gastrointestinal tract.
  3. Coronavirus was first isolated from chickens in 1937 by Beaudette and Hudson. (Web site)
  4. The coronavirus was first isolated from chickens in 1937. (Web site)
  5. The name "coronavirus" draws reference to the " Corona " -- the "ring-like radiating structure" formed by the outermost part of the atmosphere of the sun.


  1. Cystovirus is a genus of dsRNA virus , which infect certain Gram negative bacteria .
  2. Cystovirus is a genus of virus .


  1. Description: A proposed new small-animal (rodent) model for studying the pathogenesis and treatment of severe orthopoxvirus infections is described. (Web site)
  2. Description: A rodent model for human Lassa fever was developed which uses inbred (strain 13) and outbred (Hartley) guinea pigs.


  1. Descriptions are generated automatically from the ICTVdB database including links.
  2. The descriptions are shorter, but usually more informative than those in the complete sequence lists. (Web site)
  3. The descriptions are the natural language translation of data stored in the ICTV database, the universal virus database endorsed by the ICTV.


  1. The Dicistroviridae are a family of Group IV (positive-sense ssRNA) insect -infecting viruses. (Web site)


  1. Distemper is a highly contagious and often fatal virus that affects a dog's respiratory, gastrointestinal and nervous systems. (Web site)
  2. Distemper is a highly contagious disease. (Web site)
  3. Distemper is a serious viral disease affecting primarily young, unvaccinated dogs. (Web site)
  4. Distemper is an old term that has been used for a feline disease, based on a somewhat similar disease in dogs.


  1. Dogs are attracted to baits and bring them to their owners.
  2. Dogs are frequently infected when they ingest the dog waste of infected dogs. (Web site)
  3. Dogs are most commonly affected in the first year of life but all ages are susceptible.
  4. Dogs are not susceptible to feline panleukopenia.
  5. The dogs were examined daily. (Web site)

Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus

  1. Eastern equine encephalitis virus is a member of the family Togaviridae, genus Alphavirus .
  2. Eastern equine encephalitis virus is a virus carried by mosquitoes.

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