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    This Review contains major "Glossary of Biology Stubs"- related terms, short phrases and links grouped together in the form of Encyclopedia article.

Biology Stubs

  1. Cell biology stubs Developmental biology stubs Evolution stubs Genetics stubs Neuroscience stubs * cont.
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  1. Asexual reproduction (also known as agamogenesis) is a form of reproduction which does not involve meiosis, gamete formation, or fertilization.
  2. Asexual reproduction (also known as agamogenesis) is a form of reproduction which does not involve meiosis, haploid formation, or fertilization.
  3. Apomixis mainly occurs in two forms: In agamogenesis, the embryo arises from the unfertilized egg via a modified meiosis.


  1. Anagen is a period of new hair growth.
  2. Anagen is the active growth phase when hair fiber is produced.
  3. Anagen is the active phase of the hair, and extends from the termination of the inactive phase, telogen, to the beginning of the regressing phase, catagen.
  4. Anagen is the active phase.

Artificial Reproduction

  1. Artificial reproduction is the creation of new life by other than the natural means available to an organism.
  2. Title: Artificial reproduction of the cyclic changes in cervical mucus in human castrates.
  3. But in artificial reproduction, children get destroyed in a process that God never commanded.


  1. Autofluorescence is the fluorescence of substances within an organism.
  2. Senile plaques also have been shown to exhibit blue autofluorescence.
  3. Schnell SA, Staines WA, Wessendorf MW (1999) Reduction of lipofuscin-like autofluorescence in fluorescently labeled tissue.


  1. Azurophil is the term used to refer to objects that are readily staining with an azure dye.
  2. Insulin-dependent signaling regulates azurophil granule-selective macroautophagy in human myeloblastic cells -- Saeki et al.

Behavioural Genetics

  1. Behavioural genetics is a heroic field of study to be sure.
  2. Behavioural genetics is the field of biology that studies the role of genetics in animal behaviour.


  1. BioCreAtIvE is organized through collaborations between text mining groups, biological database curators and bioinformatics researchers.
  2. BioCreAtIvE is a community-wide effort for evaluating text mining and information extraction systems applied to the biological domain.
  3. Two main tasks were posed at the first BioCreAtIvE challenge: the entity extraction task and the functional annotation of gene products task.


  1. Bioelectromagnetics is a relatively new interdisciplinary science at the interface between biology, physics and medicine.
  2. Bioelectromagnetics is the study of how electromagnetic fields interact with and influence biological processes.


  1. Bioenergetics is a fundamental process in biology.
  2. Bioenergetics is a key linkage between plants and their environment.
  3. Bioenergetics is a term used to describe the events of primary energy transduction in biology.
  4. Bioenergetics is a topic which impinges on a wide range of fundamental problems in biology.
  5. Bioenergetics is a very broad subject which covers a wide range of systems.


  1. Catagen - The catagen phase is a transitional stage and 3% of all hairs are in this phase at any time.
  2. Catagen is a transition phase.
  3. Catagen is a transitional stage that lasts 2-3 weeks and affects about three percent of all hairs at any given time.
  4. Catagen is the transition phase which lasts for few weeks.


  1. Cryobiology - the analyses of the effects of extremely low temperatures on things.
  2. Cryobiology is a part of biology that studies life at low temperatures, temperatures that are too low to sustain it.
  3. Cryobiology is also used at in-vitro fertilisations, eggs can be fertilized by sperm that was previously frozen, or the other way around.
  4. Cryobiology is the branch of biology that studies the effects of low temperatures on organisms (most often for the purpose of achieving cryopreservation).
  5. Cryobiology is the science of freezing biological fluids, cells, and tissues.


  1. An EMBRYO is a living human in an early stage.
  2. An embryo is a human body in and of itself.
  3. An embryo is a person.
  4. An embryo is called a fetus at a more advanced stage of development and up until birth or hatching.
  5. And it seems to me -- maybe the word "embryo" is not the right word.


  1. Embryology is a Group I Biology Elective applicable to the biology major.
  2. Embryology is a field that evolutionists long used to make a case for Darwin's theory.
  3. Embryology is a large field and will probably be a small article referencing a lot of detailed articles when it develops.
  4. Embryology is the biological field of study that examines the early development of organisms.
  5. Embryology is the branch of developmental biology that studies embryos and their development.


  1. Ensembl is a eukaryotic comparative genome browser resource.
  2. Ensembl is a collaborative project between the EBI and the Sanger Centre, which is funded by the Wellcome Trust.
  3. Ensembl is a joint project between EBI and the Sanger Institute, which provides automatic annotation of large genomes and the relationships among them.
  4. Ensembl is a joint project between EMBL - EBI and the Sanger Institute.
  5. Ensembl is an open source software system which produces and maintains automatic annotation on eukaryotic genomes.


  1. An epitope is a site on an antigen recognized by an antibody or an antigen receptor; epitopes are also called antigenic determinants.
  2. An epitope is a small polypeptide fragment recognized by antibodies or T cell receptors.
  3. An epitope is a small polypeptide fragment recognized by antibody or T cell receptor.
  4. Epitope is a unique shape or a marker on the surface of an antigen that triggers an antibody response.
  5. The term "epitope" refers to the site on an antigen or hapten to which a specific antibody molecule binds.


  1. Evolvability is a concept that relates to the ability of a particular genotype to evolve new adaptive changes.
  2. Evolvability is a selectable trait PNAS, August 10, 2004; 101(32): 11531 - 11536.
  3. Evolvability is a selectable trait.
  4. Evolvability is an organism's capacity to generate heritable phenotypic variation.
  5. Evolvability is part of the alchemy of systems engineering.


  1. The exocyst is a complex of proteins originally identified in yeast that has been implicated in polarized secretion.
  2. The Exocyst is a multiprotein complex required for exocytosis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
  3. The exocyst is a 734-kDa complex essential for development.
  4. The exocyst is a 750-kDa complex comprised of Sec3p, Sec5p, Sec6p, Sec8p, Sec10p, Sec15p, Exo70p, and Exo84p (Terbush et al., 1996; Guo et al., 1999a).
  5. The exocyst is a Ral effector complex.


  1. A female was considered fertile if she produced any progeny.
  2. A female was considered fertile if she produced any progeny; otherwise she was considered sterile.
  3. Female is a gender role.
  4. Female is a sex that denotes an animal which produces egg cells in order to reproduce.
  5. Female is the sex of an organism, or a part of an organism, which produces egg cells.


  1. Bateson first used the term "genetics" publicly at the Third International Conference on Genetics (London, England) in 1906.
  2. Bateson first used the term "genetics" publicly at the Third International Conference on Plant Hybridization (London, England) in 1906.
  3. Genetics is a highly specialized science to study.
  4. Genetics is a lot more complicated than many people think.
  5. Genetics is the area of biological study concerned with heredity and with the variations between organisms that result from it.

Genetic Map

  1. A "genetic map" is a diagram that shows the genetic linkage relationships among loci on chromosomes (or linkage groups) within a given species.
  2. A "genetic map" is a map which presents the order of specific sequences on a chromosome.
  3. A genetic map is a broad overview that shows the order of genes.
  4. A genetic map is a collection of genetic markers that have been grouped according to their linkage.
  5. A genetic map is a map based on the frequencies of recombination between markers during crossover of homologous chromosomes.

Gene Conversion

  1. GENE CONVERSION - The alteration of all or part of a gene by a homologous donor DNA that is itself not altered in the process.
  2. Gene conversion is a common outcome of double-strand break (DSB) repair in yeast.
  3. Gene conversion is a nonreciprocal transfer of genetic information.
  4. Gene conversion is a plausible explanation for the divergence patterns of figure 3 and table 2.
  5. Gene conversion is defined as a nonreciprocal transfer of genetic information from one molecule to its homologue.


  1. MILLIPORE is a leading bioprocess and bioscience products and services company organized into two divisions.
  2. Millipore is a 50-year old bioscience company that is focused on tools and products that help the development and production of new therapeutic drugs.
  3. Millipore is a high-tech bioscience company that provides technologies, tools and services for the development and production of new therapeutic drugs.
  4. Millipore is a leading bioprocess and bioscience products and service company, organized into two divisions: Bioprocess and Bioscience.
  5. Millipore is a leading bioprocess and bioscience products and services company.

Molecular Marker

  1. A molecular marker is a DNA sequence difference that can be identified by molecular methods.
  2. A molecular marker is a simple diagnostic test for a difference (e.g.
  3. A molecular marker is a way to mark a specific gene so that it can be identified.
  4. A molecular marker was developed to separate and identify subspecific populations of Phialophora gregata, the causal agent of soybean brown stem rot.
  5. The molecular marker is a 100 bp ladder.

Monohybrid Cross

  1. A monohybrid cross is a genetic cross using a single trait with two alleles.
  2. A monohybrid cross is the cross of the F1 generation: Aa x Aa.
  3. Monohybrid Cross: a cross concerned with only one trait.
  4. Monohybrid cross - A genetic cross that takes into account the behavior of alleles of a single locus.


  1. A morphogen is a diffusable substance whose local concentration affects the course of local development in an organism.
  2. A morphogen is a diffusible substance that specifies the fate and activity of developing cells by its concentration.
  3. A morphogen is a factor that induces development of particular cell types in a manner that depends on its concentration.
  4. A morphogen is a molecule that has different effects at different concentration levels.


  1. Morphometrics is a school concerned with the measurements of form and with the comparison of the measurements among forms.
  2. Morphometrics is an evolving discipline, providing increasingly powerful techniques for quantitative characterization and comparison of anatomies.
  3. Morphometrics is the field of biology involved in the quantification of biological form (or morphology).
  4. Morphometrics is the quantitative characterization, analysis, and comparison of biological form.
  5. Morphometrics is the study of shape variation and its covariation with other variables (Bookstein, 1991; Dryden and Mardia, 1998).


  1. Motility is a biological term which refers to the ability to move spontaneously and independently.
  2. Motility is also a term referring to the movement of stool through the intestines or sperm in a semen sample.
  3. Motility is also used to describe gastroenterological movement, as well as to the motion and activity of spermatozoa in a semen sample.
  4. Motility was checked every half hour, and at no time point were more than 2% of motile sperm hyperactivated.


  1. Nanobiotechnology is a branch of that is involved in biology and nano-robotics.
  2. Nanobiotechnology : the journal at the intersection of nanotechnology, molecular biology, and biomedical sciences.
  3. Nanobiotechnology is a fusion of physical sciences, biology, molecular engineering, chemistry and biotechnology.
  4. Nanobiotechnology is a hybrid discipline that combines biology and nanoelectronics.
  5. Nanobiotechnology is a hybrid discipline that combines biology and nanotechnology to develop drugs and make diagnostic instruments.


  1. Octopamine is a biogenic amine which is closely related to noradrenaline.
  2. Octopamine is a major neurotransmitter in insects, mediating flight or fight responses.
  3. Octopamine is a neurochemical that can modulate the activity of neurons and alter the behaviour of an insect.
  4. Octopamine is a neuromodulator that mediates diverse physiological processes in invertebrates.


  1. Offspring are screened for integration of the candidate gene.
  2. If not, scroll to the bottom of this box by using the down arrow until the word "Offspring" appears in the center of the box.
  3. If not, scroll to the bottom of this box until the word "Offspring" appears in the center of the box.
  4. Offspring are very much, but not exactly, like their parents and like one another.
  5. Offspring were counted by sex and eye color on the thirteenth, sixteenth, and nineteenth days.


  1. Osteoprotegerin is a member of the TNF receptor superfamily.
  2. Osteoprotegerin is a recently identified inhibitor of bone resorption.
  3. Osteoprotegerin is a receptor for the cytotoxic ligand TRAIL. J Biol Chem.
  4. Osteoprotegerin is a receptor for the cytotoxic ligand TRAIL. J. Biol.
  5. Osteoprotegerin is a risk factor for progressive atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease.

Replication Fork

  1. A replication fork is the point at which strands of parental duplex DNA are separated so that replication can proceed.
  2. The replication fork is a holoenzyme with several components (Glover et al.
  3. The replication fork is a structure which forms when DNA is ready to replicate itself.
  4. The replication fork is a structure which forms when DNA is replicating itself.


  1. A replicon is a circular molecule of DNA that functions as a self replicating genetic element.
  2. A replicon is a unit of DNA replication (replication eye).
  3. Replicon: A segment of genomic DNA that contains an origin of replication and is replicated under the control of that origin.
  4. The replicon is a unit of the genome in which DNA is replicated.


  1. Rheb is a direct target of TSC2 and is negatively regulated by its GTPase-activating protein activity 3, 4, 5.
  2. Rheb is a direct target of the tuberous sclerosis tumor suppressor proteins.
  3. Rheb is a direct target of the tuberous sclerosis tumour suppressor proteins.
  4. Rheb is a farnesylated protein, and upon treatment with FTI-277, Rheb-induced phosphorylation of S6 kinase is inhibited ( 18, 25).
  5. Rheb is a homologue of ENSANGG00000018322 (ENSANGP00000020811) from Anopheles gambiae str.

Sequence Analysis

  1. Sequence analysis is a widespread approach to the study of contiguously ordered phenomena in the biological, social, and information sciences.
  2. Sequence analysis is the process of making biological inferences from the known sequence of monomers in protein, DNA and RNA polymers.
  3. Sequence analysis was carried out using the GCG Wisconsin Package (Accelrys), BLAST [ 38] and FASTA tools [ 39, 40].
  4. Sequence analysis was done using an ABI sequencer 377 (

Trout Cod

  1. Trout cod are a small to medium groper-like fish with a deep, elongated body that is round in cross section.
  2. Trout cod are broadly similar to the Murray cod, however there are some distinct differences in morphology and colouration.
  3. Trout cod are carnivores and feed on other fish, crustaceans (such as crayfish, yabbies and freshwater shrimp) as well as aquatic and terrestrial insects.
  4. Trout cod are cream to light grey on their ventral (---belly---) surfaces.
  5. Trout cod are often found close to cover and in faster currents and in cooler waters than Murray cod.


  1. A zygote is the beginning of a new human being ( i.e., an embryo).
  2. A zygote is the beginning of a new human being.
  3. A zygote is the beginning of a new human being."(p.
  4. The zygote is a single cell which contains all the information required to build the adult organism.
  5. Zygote: The product of the union of two gametes.


  1. Abundism: An animal that has markings that are more prolific than usual.
  2. Pseudo-melanism (abundism) occurs in leopards.

Acute Exposure

  1. Acute exposure: an exposure to radiation that occurred in a matter of minutes rather than in longer, continuing exposure over a period of time.
  2. Distinct patterns of nitric oxide production in hepatic macrophages and endothelial cells following acute exposure of rats to endotoxin -- Laskin et al.
  3. Wang, B.M. and Lai, H., 2000, Acute exposure to pulsed 2450-MHz microwaves affects water-maze performance of rats, Bioelectromagnetics 21:52-56.


  1. Adelphogamy is a form of sexual partnership between sibling eukaryotes, for example in some species of fungi, flowering plants or ants, or in humans.

Air Sac

  1. Two receptor tyrosine kinases play important but distinct roles in air sac outgrowth.
  2. Descriptors: evolution and adaptation, morphology, respiratory system, respiration, air sac, comparative anatomy, diving, echolocation, meeting abstract.
  3. A portion of the air sac actually integrates with the skeleton, forming air pockets in otherwise dense bone.

Alarm Call

  1. The alarm call is a shrill whistle.
  2. The alarm call is a clackety noise produced by clicking the mandibles together in a sharp and rapid manner.
  3. The alarm call is a loud whistled note which rises in pitch.


  1. Allometry is the science studying the differential growth rates of the parts of a living organism's body part or process.


  1. Anlage is a fundamental principle, or a foundation for future development.

Related Keywords

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