Review of Short Phrases and Links|
This Review contains major "Indo-European"- related terms, short phrases and links grouped together in the form of Encyclopedia article.
- Indo-European is the largest family of languages in the world today, with its languages being spoken by approximately three billion native speakers.
- Indo-European is so named because it contains languages which are spoken in areas ranging from India to Europe.
- Indo-European is originally a linguistic term, referring to the Indo-European language family.
- Indo-European is already the grandmother of the majority of Europeans.
- Indo-European is particularly rich in religious vocabulary.
- The Iranian languages and most of the languages of India are also Indo-European.
- Hindi (19a) Hindi is an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is the official language of the Union government of India .
- Meanwhile, migrations to the south and east produced the various Indo-European languages and peoples of India, Persia and Asia Minor.
- We strongly appeal to scholars in and around the intersection of Tocharian and Indo-European studies to receate the important journal that TIES used to be.
- Some scholars think that the Urnfield culture represents an origin for the Celts as a distinct cultural branch of the Indo-European family.
- It is unclear whether Dacian and Illyrian were on different branches of the Indo-European family, but most scholars consider that they were.
- Many of words from the list share their similarity with other Indo-European languages including English (what is evident from the examples above too).
- Some scholars also assume that this similarity between Indo-European and Kartvelian languages must be traced back to their common origin.
- He discovered the similarity among Indo-European languages, and supposed the existence of a primitive common language which he called " Scythian ".
- Such similarities are a result of English and Latin's common descent from Indo-European.
- Many of the words from this list share similarities with other Indo-European languages, including English.
- Indo-European, but unclassified, though there are enough similarities between Sicel and Messapic to open the possibility that they are related.
- The Scythians and Sarmatians were Indo-European peoples whose homeland remained the steppes.
- Proto-Indo-European Religion refers to the existence of similarities among the deities and religious practices of the Indo-European peoples.
- Scythians and Sarmatians belong to Iranian branch of Indo-European peoples.
- Indications of the existence of this ancestral religion can be detected in commonalities between languages and religious customs of Indo-European peoples.
- They were Indo-European peoples who spoke a language similar to Sanskrit and who worshipped gods very similar to the gods of the Vedic period in India.
- First it equates Indo-European peoples with one of the largest and oldest of ancient civilizations not in Europe or the Middle East but in South Asia.
- Dual number existed in Ancient Greek, and it is often found in Indo-European and Afro-Asiatic languages.
- Not every Indo-European language has each of these moods, but the most conservative ones such as Avestan, Ancient Greek, and Sanskrit have them all.
- Many pronoun systems, including some used in Indo-European languages, (e.g., Ancient Greek) have a dual number in addition to plural.
- A branch of the Indo-European language family that consists of the Baltic and Slavic languages.
- You never understand Indo-European if you don't understand Baltic.
- So you in general agree that Baltic is closest to Proto Indo-European language and close to Sanskrit.
- Only two verbs are completely irregular, being composed of parts of more than one Indo-European verb.
- In Indo-European languages such as English, the infinitive is usually the basic from of the verb of which the rest of the forms are derived.
- Examples of some generally recognized Indo-European and Finno-Ugric tenses using the verb "to go" are shown in the table below.
- A number of words with etymologies that are difficult to link to other Indo-European families, but variants of which appear in almost all Germanic languages.
- The Indo-European verb system is extremely complex and exhibits a system of ablaut which is preserved in the Germanic languages.
- English belongs to the Anglo-Frisian group within the western branch of the Germanic languages, a sub-family of the Indo-European languages.
- List of selected related languages not mutually intelligible Indo-European Many Germanic languages, though related, are generally not mutually intelligible.
- The language is related to Persian; it belongs to the southwestern group of the Iranian division of the Indo-European languages.
- Linguistically Balochi belongs to the western group of the Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages, and is closely related to Kurdish and Persian.
- Portuguese language, member of the Romance group of the Italic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Romance languages).
- The Romance languages are a language family in the Indo-European languages.
- The most important such instance is the verb "to be", which is athematic in Greek, Latin, Sanskrit and many other Indo-European languages.
- Latin is an ancient Indo-European language that was originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome.
- Latin was influenced by the Celtic dialects and the non- Indo-European Etruscan language in northern Italy, and by Greek in southern Italy.
- Proto-Indo-Iranian is the reconstructed proto-language of the Indo-Iranian branch of Indo-European.
- Indo-Aryan languages Major subgroup of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
- Language belonging to the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European family, closely related to Farsi (Persian).
- Culture The Kurdish language is a member of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European family, and the Kurds are a non-Arab, non-Turkic ethnic group.
- Swedish is classified as a member of the East section of the Scandinavian languages, a sub-group of the Germanic group of the Indo-European language family.
- English is a member of the Indo-European family of languages.
- Icelandic is an Indo-European language belonging to the North Germanic or Nordic branch of the Germanic languages.
- Classification: Icelandic is an Indo-European language belonging to the North Germanic branch of the Germanic language s.
- Danish is a language of the Indo-European family, and it belongs to the North Germanic group together with Icelandic, Faroese, Norwegian and Swedish.
- Lydian was an Indo-European language, one of the Anatolian languages, that was spoken in the state of Lydia in Anatolia, present day Turkey.
- Thus the language(s) common to Anatolia 9,000 to 10,000 years ago were earlier forms of Indo-European that spread locally to the Balkans and to the steppe.
- Prior to the Turkic migration, Indo-European languages were spoken in Anatolia and Central Asia as far as the Tarim Basin.
- My ancestors, the Zoroastrians of Iran (pre-Islamic) were members of the Indo-European family known as the Aryans.
- Between 1500 and 1000 b.c., Indo-European peoples migrated south from the steppes into the regions now known as Turkey, Iran, and northern India.
- The national language of Iran is Persian, also known as Farsi, an Indo-European language.
- Kurds speak the mostly mutually intelligible dialects of the Kurdish language, which has Indo-European roots.
- It should be mentioned that the Kurds are an Indo-European people, while none of the above were.
- The older language of the Kurds was replaced by the Indo-European around 850 BCE, with the arrival of the Medes to Kurdistan.
- The Greeks and Albanians belong to the great Indo-European family of tribes, but their languages are not closely related to any of the four great branches.
- Men of Indo-European culture, Greeks, Romans and Scandinavians, wore the loincloth more or less habitually.
- And if the chariot-warrior explanation of Indo-European expansion no longer held true for the Greeks, then perhaps it no longer held true anywhere.
- The line marked #2 in blue surrounds Greek and the Italic languages (like Latin), where we have voiceless sounds for Indo-European voiced aspirates, i.e.
- Greek (, or,), an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, is the language of the Greeks.
- Greek and Latin are studied as a pair for cultural reasons only; as languages, they have little in common apart from their Indo-European heritage.
- Persian language, member of the Iranian group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Indo-Iranian languages).
- Persian is one of the Indo-Iranian languages, a sub-group of the Indo-European languages.
- I also have a deep interest in Indo-European Studies, particularly Indo-Iranian languages, as well as comparative mythology.
- It is classified in the group of Western Iranian languages, subgroup of Indo-Iranian languages (and thus the Indo-European languages).
- It is classified in the group of Western Iranian languages, subgroup of Indo-Iranian and Indo-European languages.
- The three are part of the Italo-Western grouping of the Romance languages, which are a subgroup of the Italic branch of Indo-European.
- The Illyrians are considered to have spoken languages belonging to a branch of Indo-European known as Illyrian.
- These Slavs, who came before the Serbs, had already assimilated the Illyrians, who were an Indo-European people.
- In the late Bronze Age, the Neolithic population was replaced by more warlike Indo-European tribes known as the Illyres or Illyrians.
- During the Bronze Age, Bosnia's Neolithic population was dominated by more warlike Indo-European tribes known as the Illyres or Illyrians.
- Bellwood (2004) therefore maintains that the Indo-European languages were brought to Europe during the Neolithic, and not the Bronze Age.
- The language spoken in Arzawa during the Bronze Age and early Iron Age was Luwian, a member of the Anatolian branch of the Indo-European family.
- Nevertheless, Indo-European languages can be written adequately using the impure abjads of Arabic and Hebrew, as with Persian and Yiddish orthography.
- Again, it is Indo-European but with a large dose of Arabic, Semitic vocabulary.
- Arabic does not belong to the Indo-European language family; it belongs to the Semitic family, which also includes Hebrew, Amharic, and Aramaic.
- There are approximately 30 languages spoken in Afghanistan, many of which are Indo-European, which are related to Persian, Urdu and Hindi.
- Kurdish is a member of the Indo-European family of languages; like Persian, Afghan, and Beluchi, it is one of the Iranian languages.
- Persian is an Indo-European language, related to Urdu and Hindi.
- Armenian also contains many loanwords from Persian, which is also an Indo-European language.
- After all, Persian, which they knew, is an Indo-European language, as is Sanskrit, as well as Greek, Armenian and the tongues of many of their subjects.
- Armenian is an Indo-European language spoken in the Caucasus mountains (particularly in the Armenian Republic) and also used by the Armenian Diaspora.
- The grammar of Latin, like that of other ancient Indo-European languages, is highly inflected.
- Georgian, a language that belongs to the Caucasian languages family, has a grammar that is remarkably different from Indo-European languages.
- The grammar of Indo-European today is more thoroughly organized and more sharply focused at all levels.
- Elsewhere, other scholars were noting the more distant relations among Greek, Latin, Sanskrit, and other languages we now recognize as Indo-European.
- Yet Persian is Indo-European, being a member of the Indo-Iranian branch that also includes Sanskrit and many of the languages of modern India.
- From parallels elsewhere in Indo-European (Sanskrit, Avestan, and Old English), this emerges as being associated with a package of five semantic components.
- Indo-European people migrated south from central Asia and southern Russia to areas including what would become Iran.
- Persians are descended from the Aryans, an Indo-European people that migrated to the region of Fars from Central Asia c.
- Sometime around 1500 to 1000 BC, the Iranian nomads of Indo-European stock emigrated to the Iranian plateau possibly from Central Asia.
- To understand the significance of an Indo-European homeland in the steppes requires a leap into the complicated and fascinating world of steppe archaeology.
- After they left the Indo-European homeland, the Tocharians may have been influenced by the Finno-Ugric languages.
- They suggested that Armenian was the language which stayed in the Indo-European cradle while other Indo-European languages left the homeland.
- Those civilizations - contra Renfew - appear unlikely to have been Indo-European, even though they were Caucasoid, as the Indo-Europeans were.
- Indo-Europeans are those who are native speakers of Indo-European languages.
- These studies disprove the earlier assumption, at least for Avestan, of a pure, or purified, Indo-European lexicon (Mayrhofer, I, p.
- Linguistic studies suggest close similarities in the grammar and lexicon of ancient forms of modern Indo-European languages.
- For this essay, we have given only the information about Indo-European culture that could be derived from language and lexicon alone.
- Linguists classify the language into the Indic subgroup of Indo-European languages and consider it to be one of the Indo-Iranian languages of the area.
- The Kartvelian languages are considered by many linguists to be a separate family, possibly related to Indo-European.
- Linguists typically classify Armenian as an independent branch of the Indo-European language family.
- H. Craig Melchert is a linguist known particularly for his work on the Anatolian branch of Indo-European.
- Jim Child, a linguist of Indo-European languages, has proposed that the manuscript is written in an early German language.
- T hese rules were used to reconstruct an Indo-European vocabulary that implies how its speakers lived.
- Hungarian is not at all related to the Indo-European languages which surround it, and is very different both in vocabulary and in grammar.
- Only about 25 percent of the vocabulary of modern Germanic languages can be traced directly back through West and North Germanic to Indo-European.
- European languages Most of the many indigenous languages of Europe belong to the Indo-European language family.
- In our study of the Indo-European languages, we trace many words, names, as well as idols' names, in many of the European languages.
- An example is the verb 'to be' in most European languages (see Indo-European copula).
- As a Slavic language Czech belongs to the eastern, or satem, division of Indo-European.
- Balto-Slavic is categorized with the satem or eastern isogloss of the Indo-European language family, along with the Baltic and Indo-Iranian groups.
- The Indo-European languages are divided into two groups: Eastern languages, or satem and Western languages, or centum.
- Indo-European languages spoken in the Apennine Peninsula (Italy) during the 1st millennium BC, after which only Latin survived.
- They are a group of Indo-European languages spoken in most of Eastern Europe, much of the Balkans, parts of Central Europe, and the northern part of Asia.
- Iran. Iranian, the branch of Indo-European languages spoken on and around the plateau of Iran, including modern Farsi and Kurdish.
- Persian is a member of the Iranian branch of Indo-European languages spoken by about 130 million people, mainly in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan.
- Their Hurrian language is not related to the Semitic and Indo-European languages spoken in this region.
- This migration route allegedly explains the existence of Tocharic, and the assumed early contacts between Indo-European and Uralic languages.
- Contacts with other languages Dacian language The Dacian language was an Indo-European language spoken by the ancient Dacians.
- They are clues to the nature and duration of the contacts between Uralic and Indo-European languages.
- Shared features of Phrygian and Greek[ 17] and of Thracian and Armenian[ 18] group the southeastern branches of Indo-European together.
- Using the comparative method, linguists posited an Indo-European family composed of numerous subfamilies, or branches.
- All PIE sounds and words are reconstructed from later Indo-European languages using the comparative method and the method of internal reconstruction.
- Gradually replaced in comparative linguistics c.1900 by Indo-European, except when used to distinguish I.E. languages of India from non-I.E. ones.
- Comparative linguistics can further tell us something about the relationship of Proto-Tocharian to the other branches of Indo-European.
- Also some resources on the comparative linguistics of Indo-European languages.
- To cite a few other examples of Indo-European ablaut, English has a certain class of verbs (i.e.
- Proto-Celtic *rīg-, "king", from the lengthened e-grade (see: Indo-European ablaut).
- Indo-European ablaut has been significantly reworked in Balto-Slavic.
- Encyclopedia of Keywords > Society > Culture > Languages
- Encyclopedia of Keywords > Nature > Life > Branch
- Culture > Languages > Indo-European > Aryan
- Encyclopedia of Keywords > Information > Science > Linguistics
* Celtic Language
* Indo-European Family
* Indo-European Group
* Indo-European Language
* Indo-European Language Families
* Indo-European Language Family
* Indo-European Linguistics
* Indo-European Origin
* Indo-European Speakers
* Language Families
* Language Family
* Parent Language
* Slavic Languages
Books about "Indo-European" in