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  Encyclopedia of Keywords > Society > Culture > Languages > Indo-European   Michael Charnine

Keywords and Sections
INDIA
SCHOLARS
SIMILARITY
SIMILARITIES
INDO-EUROPEAN PEOPLES
PEOPLES
ANCIENT GREEK
BALTIC
VERB
GERMANIC LANGUAGES
RELATED
ROMANCE LANGUAGES
LATIN
INDO-IRANIAN BRANCH
MEMBER
ICELANDIC
ANATOLIA
IRAN
KURDS
GREEKS
GREEK
INDO-IRANIAN LANGUAGES
SUBGROUP
ILLYRIANS
BRONZE AGE
ARABIC
PERSIAN
ARMENIAN
GRAMMAR
SANSKRIT
CENTRAL ASIA
HOMELAND
INDO-EUROPEANS
LEXICON
LINGUISTS
LINGUIST
VOCABULARY
EUROPEAN LANGUAGES
SATEM
INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES SPOKEN
LANGUAGES SPOKEN
CONTACTS
SHARED FEATURES
COMPARATIVE METHOD
COMPARATIVE LINGUISTICS
ABLAUT
Review of Short Phrases and Links

    This Review contains major "Indo-European"- related terms, short phrases and links grouped together in the form of Encyclopedia article.

Definitions

  1. Indo-European is the largest family of languages in the world today, with its languages being spoken by approximately three billion native speakers. (Web site)
  2. Indo-European is so named because it contains languages which are spoken in areas ranging from India to Europe. (Web site)
  3. Indo-European is originally a linguistic term, referring to the Indo-European language family. (Web site)
  4. Indo-European is already the grandmother of the majority of Europeans.
  5. Indo-European is particularly rich in religious vocabulary. (Web site)

India

  1. The Iranian languages and most of the languages of India are also Indo-European.
  2. Hindi (19a) Hindi is an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is the official language of the Union government of India[1] [2].
  3. Meanwhile, migrations to the south and east produced the various Indo-European languages and peoples of India, Persia and Asia Minor. (Web site)

Scholars

  1. We strongly appeal to scholars in and around the intersection of Tocharian and Indo-European studies to receate the important journal that TIES used to be. (Web site)
  2. Some scholars think that the Urnfield culture represents an origin for the Celts as a distinct cultural branch of the Indo-European family.
  3. It is unclear whether Dacian and Illyrian were on different branches of the Indo-European family, but most scholars consider that they were. (Web site)

Similarity

  1. Many of words from the list share their similarity with other Indo-European languages including English (what is evident from the examples above too).
  2. Some scholars also assume that this similarity between Indo-European and Kartvelian languages must be traced back to their common origin. (Web site)
  3. He discovered the similarity among Indo-European languages, and supposed the existence of a primitive common language which he called " Scythian ".

Similarities

  1. Such similarities are a result of English and Latin's common descent from Indo-European. (Web site)
  2. Many of the words from this list share similarities with other Indo-European languages, including English. (Web site)
  3. Indo-European, but unclassified, though there are enough similarities between Sicel and Messapic to open the possibility that they are related.

Indo-European Peoples

  1. The Scythians and Sarmatians were Indo-European peoples whose homeland remained the steppes.
  2. Proto-Indo-European Religion refers to the existence of similarities among the deities and religious practices of the Indo-European peoples.
  3. Scythians and Sarmatians belong to Iranian branch of Indo-European peoples. (Web site)

Peoples

  1. Indications of the existence of this ancestral religion can be detected in commonalities between languages and religious customs of Indo-European peoples.
  2. They were Indo-European peoples who spoke a language similar to Sanskrit and who worshipped gods very similar to the gods of the Vedic period in India. (Web site)
  3. First it equates Indo-European peoples with one of the largest and oldest of ancient civilizations not in Europe or the Middle East but in South Asia. (Web site)

Ancient Greek

  1. Dual number existed in Ancient Greek, and it is often found in Indo-European and Afro-Asiatic languages.
  2. Not every Indo-European language has each of these moods, but the most conservative ones such as Avestan, Ancient Greek, and Sanskrit have them all. (Web site)
  3. Many pronoun systems, including some used in Indo-European languages, (e.g., Ancient Greek) have a dual number in addition to plural.

Baltic

  1. A branch of the Indo-European language family that consists of the Baltic and Slavic languages. (Web site)
  2. You never understand Indo-European if you don't understand Baltic. (Web site)
  3. So you in general agree that Baltic is closest to Proto Indo-European language and close to Sanskrit. (Web site)

Verb

  1. Only two verbs are completely irregular, being composed of parts of more than one Indo-European verb. (Web site)
  2. In Indo-European languages such as English, the infinitive is usually the basic from of the verb of which the rest of the forms are derived. (Web site)
  3. Examples of some generally recognized Indo-European and Finno-Ugric tenses using the verb "to go" are shown in the table below.

Germanic Languages

  1. A number of words with etymologies that are difficult to link to other Indo-European families, but variants of which appear in almost all Germanic languages.
  2. The Indo-European verb system is extremely complex and exhibits a system of ablaut which is preserved in the Germanic languages. (Web site)
  3. English belongs to the Anglo-Frisian group within the western branch of the Germanic languages, a sub-family of the Indo-European languages. (Web site)

Related

  1. List of selected related languages not mutually intelligible Indo-European Many Germanic languages, though related, are generally not mutually intelligible.
  2. The language is related to Persian; it belongs to the southwestern group of the Iranian division of the Indo-European languages. (Web site)
  3. Linguistically Balochi belongs to the western group of the Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages, and is closely related to Kurdish and Persian.

Romance Languages

  1. Portuguese language, member of the Romance group of the Italic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Romance languages).
  2. The Romance languages are a language family in the Indo-European languages.

Latin

  1. The most important such instance is the verb "to be", which is athematic in Greek, Latin, Sanskrit and many other Indo-European languages.
  2. Latin is an ancient Indo-European language that was originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome.
  3. Latin was influenced by the Celtic dialects and the non- Indo-European Etruscan language in northern Italy, and by Greek in southern Italy.

Indo-Iranian Branch

  1. Proto-Indo-Iranian is the reconstructed proto-language of the Indo-Iranian branch of Indo-European.
  2. Indo-Aryan languages Major subgroup of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. (Web site)
  3. Language belonging to the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European family, closely related to Farsi (Persian). (Web site)

Member

  1. Culture The Kurdish language is a member of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European family, and the Kurds are a non-Arab, non-Turkic ethnic group.
  2. Swedish is classified as a member of the East section of the Scandinavian languages, a sub-group of the Germanic group of the Indo-European language family. (Web site)
  3. English is a member of the Indo-European family of languages. (Web site)

Icelandic

  1. Icelandic is an Indo-European language belonging to the North Germanic or Nordic branch of the Germanic languages. (Web site)
  2. Classification: Icelandic is an Indo-European language belonging to the North Germanic branch of the Germanic language s.
  3. Danish is a language of the Indo-European family, and it belongs to the North Germanic group together with Icelandic, Faroese, Norwegian and Swedish. (Web site)

Anatolia

  1. Lydian was an Indo-European language, one of the Anatolian languages, that was spoken in the state of Lydia in Anatolia, present day Turkey. (Web site)
  2. Thus the language(s) common to Anatolia 9,000 to 10,000 years ago were earlier forms of Indo-European that spread locally to the Balkans and to the steppe.
  3. Prior to the Turkic migration, Indo-European languages were spoken in Anatolia and Central Asia as far as the Tarim Basin.

Iran

  1. My ancestors, the Zoroastrians of Iran (pre-Islamic) were members of the Indo-European family known as the Aryans. (Web site)
  2. Between 1500 and 1000 b.c., Indo-European peoples migrated south from the steppes into the regions now known as Turkey, Iran, and northern India. (Web site)
  3. The national language of Iran is Persian, also known as Farsi, an Indo-European language.

Kurds

  1. Kurds speak the mostly mutually intelligible dialects of the Kurdish language, which has Indo-European roots.
  2. It should be mentioned that the Kurds are an Indo-European people, while none of the above were.
  3. The older language of the Kurds was replaced by the Indo-European around 850 BCE, with the arrival of the Medes to Kurdistan.

Greeks

  1. The Greeks and Albanians belong to the great Indo-European family of tribes, but their languages are not closely related to any of the four great branches. (Web site)
  2. Men of Indo-European culture, Greeks, Romans and Scandinavians, wore the loincloth more or less habitually.
  3. And if the chariot-warrior explanation of Indo-European expansion no longer held true for the Greeks, then perhaps it no longer held true anywhere. (Web site)

Greek

  1. The line marked #2 in blue surrounds Greek and the Italic languages (like Latin), where we have voiceless sounds for Indo-European voiced aspirates, i.e. (Web site)
  2. Greek (, or,), an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, is the language of the Greeks.
  3. Greek and Latin are studied as a pair for cultural reasons only; as languages, they have little in common apart from their Indo-European heritage. (Web site)

Indo-Iranian Languages

  1. Persian language, member of the Iranian group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Indo-Iranian languages). (Web site)
  2. Persian is one of the Indo-Iranian languages, a sub-group of the Indo-European languages. (Web site)
  3. I also have a deep interest in Indo-European Studies, particularly Indo-Iranian languages, as well as comparative mythology. (Web site)

Subgroup

  1. It is classified in the group of Western Iranian languages, subgroup of Indo-Iranian languages (and thus the Indo-European languages). (Web site)
  2. It is classified in the group of Western Iranian languages, subgroup of Indo-Iranian and Indo-European languages. (Web site)
  3. The three are part of the Italo-Western grouping of the Romance languages, which are a subgroup of the Italic branch of Indo-European. (Web site)

Illyrians

  1. The Illyrians are considered to have spoken languages belonging to a branch of Indo-European known as Illyrian. (Web site)
  2. These Slavs, who came before the Serbs, had already assimilated the Illyrians, who were an Indo-European people. (Web site)
  3. In the late Bronze Age, the Neolithic population was replaced by more warlike Indo-European tribes known as the Illyres or Illyrians.

Bronze Age

  1. During the Bronze Age, Bosnia's Neolithic population was dominated by more warlike Indo-European tribes known as the Illyres or Illyrians.
  2. Bellwood (2004) therefore maintains that the Indo-European languages were brought to Europe during the Neolithic, and not the Bronze Age. (Web site)
  3. The language spoken in Arzawa during the Bronze Age and early Iron Age was Luwian, a member of the Anatolian branch of the Indo-European family.

Arabic

  1. Nevertheless, Indo-European languages can be written adequately using the impure abjads of Arabic and Hebrew, as with Persian and Yiddish orthography.
  2. Again, it is Indo-European but with a large dose of Arabic, Semitic vocabulary. (Web site)
  3. Arabic does not belong to the Indo-European language family; it belongs to the Semitic family, which also includes Hebrew, Amharic, and Aramaic.

Persian

  1. There are approximately 30 languages spoken in Afghanistan, many of which are Indo-European, which are related to Persian, Urdu and Hindi.
  2. Kurdish is a member of the Indo-European family of languages; like Persian, Afghan, and Beluchi, it is one of the Iranian languages. (Web site)
  3. Persian is an Indo-European language, related to Urdu and Hindi.

Armenian

  1. Armenian also contains many loanwords from Persian, which is also an Indo-European language. (Web site)
  2. After all, Persian, which they knew, is an Indo-European language, as is Sanskrit, as well as Greek, Armenian and the tongues of many of their subjects. (Web site)
  3. Armenian is an Indo-European language spoken in the Caucasus mountains (particularly in the Armenian Republic) and also used by the Armenian Diaspora. (Web site)

Grammar

  1. The grammar of Latin, like that of other ancient Indo-European languages, is highly inflected.
  2. Georgian, a language that belongs to the Caucasian languages family, has a grammar that is remarkably different from Indo-European languages. (Web site)
  3. The grammar of Indo-European today is more thoroughly organized and more sharply focused at all levels. (Web site)

Sanskrit

  1. Elsewhere, other scholars were noting the more distant relations among Greek, Latin, Sanskrit, and other languages we now recognize as Indo-European. (Web site)
  2. Yet Persian is Indo-European, being a member of the Indo-Iranian branch that also includes Sanskrit and many of the languages of modern India. (Web site)
  3. From parallels elsewhere in Indo-European (Sanskrit, Avestan, and Old English), this emerges as being associated with a package of five semantic components. (Web site)

Central Asia

  1. Indo-European people migrated south from central Asia and southern Russia to areas including what would become Iran. (Web site)
  2. Persians are descended from the Aryans, an Indo-European people that migrated to the region of Fars from Central Asia c.
  3. Sometime around 1500 to 1000 BC, the Iranian nomads of Indo-European stock emigrated to the Iranian plateau possibly from Central Asia.

Homeland

  1. To understand the significance of an Indo-European homeland in the steppes requires a leap into the complicated and fascinating world of steppe archaeology. (Web site)
  2. After they left the Indo-European homeland, the Tocharians may have been influenced by the Finno-Ugric languages. (Web site)
  3. They suggested that Armenian was the language which stayed in the Indo-European cradle while other Indo-European languages left the homeland.

Indo-Europeans

  1. Those civilizations - contra Renfew - appear unlikely to have been Indo-European, even though they were Caucasoid, as the Indo-Europeans were.
  2. Indo-Europeans are those who are native speakers of Indo-European languages.

Lexicon

  1. These studies disprove the earlier assumption, at least for Avestan, of a pure, or purified, Indo-European lexicon (Mayrhofer, I, p.
  2. Linguistic studies suggest close similarities in the grammar and lexicon of ancient forms of modern Indo-European languages. (Web site)
  3. For this essay, we have given only the information about Indo-European culture that could be derived from language and lexicon alone. (Web site)

Linguists

  1. Linguists classify the language into the Indic subgroup of Indo-European languages and consider it to be one of the Indo-Iranian languages of the area.
  2. The Kartvelian languages are considered by many linguists to be a separate family, possibly related to Indo-European. (Web site)
  3. Linguists typically classify Armenian as an independent branch of the Indo-European language family. (Web site)

Linguist

  1. H. Craig Melchert is a linguist known particularly for his work on the Anatolian branch of Indo-European. (Web site)
  2. Jim Child, a linguist of Indo-European languages, has proposed that the manuscript is written in an early German language. (Web site)

Vocabulary

  1. T hese rules were used to reconstruct an Indo-European vocabulary that implies how its speakers lived.
  2. Hungarian is not at all related to the Indo-European languages which surround it, and is very different both in vocabulary and in grammar.
  3. Only about 25 percent of the vocabulary of modern Germanic languages can be traced directly back through West and North Germanic to Indo-European.

European Languages

  1. European languages Most of the many indigenous languages of Europe belong to the Indo-European language family. (Web site)
  2. In our study of the Indo-European languages, we trace many words, names, as well as idols' names, in many of the European languages. (Web site)
  3. An example is the verb 'to be' in most European languages (see Indo-European copula).

Satem

  1. As a Slavic language Czech belongs to the eastern, or satem, division of Indo-European.
  2. Balto-Slavic is categorized with the satem or eastern isogloss of the Indo-European language family, along with the Baltic and Indo-Iranian groups.
  3. The Indo-European languages are divided into two groups: Eastern languages, or satem and Western languages, or centum. (Web site)

Indo-European Languages Spoken

  1. Indo-European languages spoken in the Apennine Peninsula (Italy) during the 1st millennium BC, after which only Latin survived.
  2. They are a group of Indo-European languages spoken in most of Eastern Europe, much of the Balkans, parts of Central Europe, and the northern part of Asia. (Web site)

Languages Spoken

  1. Iran. Iranian, the branch of Indo-European languages spoken on and around the plateau of Iran, including modern Farsi and Kurdish. (Web site)
  2. Persian is a member of the Iranian branch of Indo-European languages spoken by about 130 million people, mainly in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan. (Web site)
  3. Their Hurrian language is not related to the Semitic and Indo-European languages spoken in this region.

Contacts

  1. This migration route allegedly explains the existence of Tocharic, and the assumed early contacts between Indo-European and Uralic languages.
  2. Contacts with other languages Dacian language The Dacian language was an Indo-European language spoken by the ancient Dacians.
  3. They are clues to the nature and duration of the contacts between Uralic and Indo-European languages.

Shared Features

  1. Shared features of Phrygian and Greek[ 17] and of Thracian and Armenian[ 18] group the southeastern branches of Indo-European together.

Comparative Method

  1. Using the comparative method, linguists posited an Indo-European family composed of numerous subfamilies, or branches.
  2. All PIE sounds and words are reconstructed from later Indo-European languages using the comparative method and the method of internal reconstruction.

Comparative Linguistics

  1. Gradually replaced in comparative linguistics c.1900 by Indo-European, except when used to distinguish I.E. languages of India from non-I.E. ones. (Web site)
  2. Comparative linguistics can further tell us something about the relationship of Proto-Tocharian to the other branches of Indo-European. (Web site)
  3. Also some resources on the comparative linguistics of Indo-European languages.

Ablaut

  1. To cite a few other examples of Indo-European ablaut, English has a certain class of verbs (i.e. (Web site)
  2. Proto-Celtic *rīg-, "king", from the lengthened e-grade (see: Indo-European ablaut).
  3. Indo-European ablaut has been significantly reworked in Balto-Slavic.

Categories

  1. Encyclopedia of Keywords > Society > Culture > Languages
  2. Encyclopedia of Keywords > Nature > Life > Branch
  3. Culture > Languages > Indo-European > Aryan
  4. Encyclopedia of Keywords > Information > Science > Linguistics
  5. Germanic

Subcategories

Indo-European Languages (4)
Aryan
Corded Ware Culture

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      Originally created: February 03, 2007.
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