KeyWEn.com  
 
 
 
Isoleucine       Article     History   Tree Map
  Encyclopedia of Keywords > Chemistry > Biochemistry > Amino Acids > Essential Amino Acids > Isoleucine   Michael Charnine

Keywords and Sections
LEUCINE
BRANCHED CHAIN
AMINO ACIDS
VALINE
ESSENTIAL AMINO
ENERGY
BEHAVES
BRANCHED-CHAIN AMINO
HELP
CHAIN AMINO
SIMILAR
MUSCLE TISSUE
ENCYCLOPEDIA
RICH
TYROSINE
ISOLEUCINE
Review of Short Phrases and Links

    This Review contains major "Isoleucine"- related terms, short phrases and links grouped together in the form of Encyclopedia article.

Definitions

  1. Isoleucine is an essential amino acid that is not synthesized by mammalian tissues.
  2. Isoleucine is an essential amino acid and also a branched chain amino acid along with leucine and valine.
  3. Isoleucine is a positional isomer of LEU and thus has many of the same characteristics.
  4. Isoleucine is one of the 20 basic amino acids, and forms part of the structure of almost all proteins.
  5. Isoleucine was isolated from beet sugar molasses in 1904.

Leucine

  1. Behaves similarly to isoleucine and leucine.
  2. Isoleucine, leucine and valine have large aliphatic hydrophobic side chains.
  3. The aliphatic amino acids are glycine, alanine, valine, leucine, and isoleucine.
  4. Valine, Leucine and isoleucine are formed from pyruvate.
  5. Valine is used by bodybuilders, in conjunction with leucine and isoleucine, for muscle growth, tissue repair and as an energizer.

Branched Chain

  1. It accomplishes this by precisely balancing the 3 branched chain aminos, L-Leucine, L-Isoleucine and L-Valine along with a supporting amino acid complex.
  2. However, isoleucine present in nature exists in one enantiomeric form, (2 S,3 S)-2-amino-3-methylpentanoic acid.
  3. Leucine, Isoleucine, and Valine: Essential "branched chain" amino acids that are important for formation of flexible, structural tissue such as skin.

Amino Acids

  1. Isoleucine, This amino acid is essential not only for optimal growth in infants, but also to help maintain nitrogen equilibrium in adults.
  2. Aspartate Family: Six amino acids -- aspartate, asparagine, methionine, threonine, isoleucine, and lysine -- have oxaloacetate as their ultimate precursor.
  3. Some animals convert it into amino acids ( valine, isoleucine, lysine, methionine) that humans cannot produce themselves.
  4. It accomplishes this by precisely balancing the 3 branched chain aminos, L-Leucine, L-Isoleucine and L-Valine along with a supporting amino acid complex.
  5. Seventy percent of the free nitrogen required for muscle tissue synthesis is derived from branched chain amino acids Valine, Leucine and Isoleucine.

Valine

  1. They cannot synthesize isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine.
  2. Isoleucine, leucine and valine have large aliphatic hydrophobic side chains.
  3. Like isoleucine, leucine and valine, these are hydrophobic and tend to orient towards the interior of the folded protein molecule.
  4. As the name implies Leucine and Isoleucine are isomers of each other.
  5. Alanine, Valine, Leucine and Isoleucine have saturated hydrocarbon R groups (i.e.

Essential Amino

  1. Nutritionally, in humans, isoleucine is an essential amino acid.
  2. The essential amino acids are lysine, histidine, isoleucine, phenylalanine, leucine, methionine, tryptophan, threonine and valine.
  3. These essential amino acids are: arginine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, Iysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine.
  4. Among the biochemicals that are synthesized from aspartic acid are asparagine, arginine, lysine, methionine, threonine, isoleucine, and several nucleotides.
  5. The essential amino acids are histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, cysteine, phenylalanine, tyrosine, threomine, tryptophan and valine.

Energy

  1. Isoleucine is necessary in the formation of red blood cells and is an important intermediary in the Kreb---s cycle of energy production.
  2. By contrast, L-isoleucine and L-valine provide relatively little energy for muscles, and a molecule of either yields only one acetyl group.
  3. Isoleucine is important for stabilizing and regulating blood sugar and energy levels and is required through the diet as it cannot be produced by our bodies.

Behaves

  1. Behaves similar to isoleucine and valine.
  2. Behaves similarly to isoleucine and leucine.

Branched-Chain Amino

  1. The combination of both in adequate amounts has a positive PDCAAS, though, with the limiting amino acids isoleucine, threonine and methionine.
  2. The phrase "branched-chain amino acids" is sometimes used to refer to the aliphatic amino acids: leucine, isoleucine and valine.
  3. The branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) comprise the three essential amino acids L-leucine, L-isoleucine and L-valine.
  4. Valine - Valine is a branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) that is closely related to leucine and isoleucine both in structure and function.
  5. Succinyl CoA is a point of entry for non polar amino acids like methionine, valine and isoleucine.

Help

  1. Isoleucine, This amino acid is essential not only for optimal growth in infants, but also to help maintain nitrogen equilibrium in adults.
  2. Three of valine---s carbon atoms are used to manufacture succinates, which in turn help isoleucine to work more efficiently during cellular respiration.
  3. Isoleucine is needed for hemoglobin formation and also helps to maintain regular energy levels.

Chain Amino

  1. ISOLEUCINE. ISOLEUCINE is a essential branched chain amino acid found abundently in most foods.
  2. These include the branched chain amino acids L-Valine, L-Leucine, and L-Isoleucine that specifically nourish, preserve, and build muscle.

Similar

  1. Behaves similar to isoleucine and valine.
  2. A deficiency of isoleucine can produce symptoms similar to those of hypoglycemia.

Muscle Tissue

  1. Seventy percent of the free nitrogen required for muscle tissue synthesis is derived from branched chain amino acids Valine, Leucine and Isoleucine.
  2. Isoleucine is metabolized in muscle tissue.

Encyclopedia

  1. AllRefer.com reference and encyclopedia resource provides complete information on isoleucine, Biochemistry.
  2. Wikipedia English The Free Encyclopedia Leucine Leucine is one of the 20 common amino acids and coded for by DNA. It is isomeric with isoleucine.
  3. Encyclopedia Library Reference Encyclopedia isoleucine ( -- ' s--l-- ' s--n) , organic compound, one of the 20 amino acids commonly found in animal proteins.

Rich

  1. Hb is a structurally imbalanced protein, totally devoid of isoleucine but rich in valine, leucine, glycine, and histidine ( 18).
  2. Rich sources of isoleucine are eggs, chicken, pork, mutton, pulses, soya beans, cottage cheese, milk, piyal seeds, cashew nuts, and cereal grains.

Tyrosine

  1. Isoleucine, phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan are thought to be both glycogenic and ketogenic.
  2. Residues found at position 82 are a leucine or an isoleucine for TGF-ßs, a proline in the majority of BMPs and a histidine or a tyrosine in activin.

Isoleucine

  1. Isoleucine is formed from threonine.
  2. Like isoleucine, leucine and valine, these are hydrophobic and tend to orient towards the interior of the folded protein molecule.
  3. In reactions similar to those in the pyruvate family, threonine is a precursor for isoleucine.
  4. Glutamine, valine, leucine, isoleucine, histidine, arginine, proline, serine and alanine are of use in both the pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries.
  5. Alanine, Valine, Leucine and Isoleucine have saturated hydrocarbon R groups (i.e.
  6. Isoleucine can be degraded into simpler compounds by the enzymes of the body.
  7. Isoleucine has two chiral centers; therefore there are four possible stereoisomers of isoleucine and two possible diastereomers of L -isoleucine.

Categories

  1. Chemistry > Biochemistry > Amino Acids > Essential Amino Acids
  2. Nature > Chemistry > Biochemistry > Amino Acids
  3. Glossaries > Glossary of Biochemistry Stubs /
  4. Books about "Isoleucine" in Amazon.com

Book: Keywen Category Structure


  Short phrases about "Isoleucine"
  Originally created: February 05, 2007.
  Please send us comments and questions by this Online Form
  Please click on Move Up to move good phrases up.
0.0153 sec. a=1..