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  Encyclopedia of Keywords > Earth > Continents > Africa > Middle East > Lebanon   Michael Charnine

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  1. Lebanon is the Middle-Eastern country wedged between larger Syria and the Mediterrean Sea. (Web site)
  2. Lebanon is a small country with a varied landscape consisting of beaches, mountains, valleys, forests and woodlands. (Web site)
  3. Lebanon is a parliamentary democracy in which the people constitutionally have the right to change their government.
  4. Lebanon was part of the Ottoman Empire for over 400 years, but following World War I, the area became a part of the French Mandate of Syria. (Web site)
  5. Lebanon was twice invaded and occupied by the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) in 1978 and 1982[64], the PLO expelled in the second invasion.
  6. Lebanon was established in 1920 from remnants of the Ottoman Empire. (Web site)
  7. Lebanon was part of post-Ottoman Syria until 1926.


  1. In 1978 Israel launched a full-scale invasion of Lebanon, and was later forced to withdraw to a narrow strip that it called its Security Zone. (Web site)
  2. In May 1991, Lebanon and Syria signed the treaty of brotherhood, cooperation, and coordination called for in the Taif Accord.
  3. Until its withdrawal in April 2005, Syria maintained approximately 17,000 troops in Lebanon.
  4. Israel attacks Lebanon and temporarily reoccupies part of Gaza.
  5. The U.S. and Syria also consulted closely on the Taif Accord, ending the civil war in Lebanon.


  1. In addition, Lebanon's strict financial secrecy and capitalist economy---unique in its area---have given it significant economic status among Arab countries. (Web site)
  2. Her songs are broadcast every morning on most radio stations and many TV channels, both in Lebanon and the Arab world in general.
  3. The country is not only where Christianity intermingles with Islam, but Lebanon is also the Arab gateway to Europe and the European bridge to the Arab world.
  4. The number of English speakers in Yemen is small compared to other Arab countries such as Egypt, Lebanon, the UAE and Saudi Arabia.


  1. During the civil war, the Palestine Liberation Organization used Lebanon to launch attacks against Israel.
  2. Factional feuding among Palestinians led to several assassinations of Palestinian leaders in Lebanon. (Web site)
  3. After the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict, Lebanon became home to more than 110,000 Palestinian refugees who had fled from Israel.
  4. Shiite populations in Lebanon, Kuwait and especially Saudi Arabia, where Shiites happen to live in the oil-rich eastern sector, could easily revolt. (Web site)
  5. Five years after gaining independence, Lebanon joined its fellow Arab states and invaded Israel[66] during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.

Middle East

  1. May 2005: Syrian troops scheduled to withdraw from Lebanon, leading to a major shift in the Middle East security situation, in favor of Israel and the US. (Web site)
  2. Lebanon, it turns out, is something of a pivot point for the neoconservatives' hopes and fears for the Middle East.
  3. Lebanon also is a member of the Organization of Islamic Conference and maintains a close relationship with Iran. (Web site)
  4. Fears grew that if Israel withdrew from Lebanon without reaching an agreement with Syria, the Middle East would become a war zone. (Web site)

Ottoman Empire

  1. Following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire after World War I, the League of Nations mandated the five provinces that make up present-day Lebanon to France.
  2. Capital of Lebanon, located in western Lebanon on the Mediterranean Sea. (Web site)
  3. From the remains of the Ottoman Empire France acquired the Mandate of Syria and the Mandate of Lebanon.
  4. After the bloody suppression in 1970---71 of the guerrillas in Jordan, large numbers of Palestinians fled into S Lebanon and Beirut. (Web site)
  5. It was taken (1918) by French troops in World War I. Beirut became the capital of Lebanon in 1920 under the French mandate. (Web site)


  1. Lebanon's leader vowed to uproot the fighters. (Web site)
  2. Iraqi agents or their surrogates were probably responsible for all three of the attempted bombings of Kuwaiti interests in Lebanon. (Web site)
  3. Hezbollah, the armed group considered a terrorist organization by the US, and its Amal allies swept voting in southern Lebanon. (Web site)
  4. Iran, Iraq, and Syria continued to provide varying degrees of financial, military, and logistic support to terrorist groups based in Lebanon. (Web site)

Occupied Territories

  1. Syria, Lebanon, Israel, and the occupied territories. (Web site)
  2. The PLO was driven out of Jordan and forced to move to Lebanon. (Web site)
  3. In 1996 sixteen Islamic militants were ordered to stand trial by a military court in Lebanon. (Web site)
  4. The Israeli military responded with a major counterattack in southern Lebanon dubbed Operation Accountability. (Web site)
  5. Israel allowed nearly 400 HAMAS supporters that were expelled to Lebanon in December 1992 to return to the occupied territories in 1993. (Web site)


  1. The number of Lebanese permanently settling in Jordan since the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict has not been established, and is estimated to be very little.
  2. At the beginning of the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict, Israel's primary concern was a report that Hezbollah possessed Russian Kornet antitank missiles.
  3. The kidnapping of two Israeli soldiers by Lebanese Hizballah led to a 34-day conflict in Lebanon in June-August 2006.
  4. Israel responds with massive force against Hezbollah in Lebanon, which draws Syria and Hamas into the conflict. (Web site)
  5. In Lebanon the conflict killed over 1,500 people, mostly civilians, severely damaged infrastructure, displaced about one million people.


  1. For all these reasons, we should be wary of assuming that Syria is the party behind Gemayel's death -- or the only regional actor meddling in Lebanon. (Web site)
  2. On Aug. 23, Bashir Gemayel (see under Gemayel, family) was elected president of Lebanon, but he was killed three weeks later by a bomb. (Web site)


  1. It borders Lebanon to the west, Israel to the southwest, Jordan to the south, Iraq to the east, and Turkey to the north. (Web site)
  2. Israel is bordered by Egypt and the Gaza Strip to the southwest, by Jordan and the West Bank to the east, and by Syria and Lebanon to the north. (Web site)
  3. It is bordered by Turkey on the north, Lebanon and Israel on the west, Iraq on the east, and Jordan on the south.
  4. The country is bordered by Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan to the east, Egypt to the southwest and the Mediterranean Sea to the west. (Web site)

Civil War

  1. The presence of Syrian troops in Lebanon dated to 1976, when President Hafiz al-Asad intervened in the Lebanese civil war on behalf of Maronite Christians.
  2. Lebanon became embroiled in civil war among the Christians, Muslims, and Palestinians from early 1975 to late 1976. (Web site)
  3. Syria's troop deployment was legitimized by the Arab League during Lebanon's civil war and in the Ta'if Accord. (Web site)
  4. In 1975, civil war broke out in Lebanon.


  1. Gunners from Lebanon’s Hezbollah exchanged artillery and mortar fire with Israeli troops. (Web site)
  2. There were no more rocket attacks from Lebanon into Israel for the rest of the year. (Web site)
  3. Hezbollah is a Lebanese group of Shiite militants that has evolved into a major force in Lebanon's society and politics. (Web site)
  4. Rocket and artillery exchanges killed two guerrillas in Lebanon and wounded two Israeli soldiers, two Lebanese civilians and six militants. (Web site)
  5. ANO assassinated a Jordanian diplomat in Lebanon in January 1994 and has been linked to the killing of the PLO representative there. (Web site)


  1. After the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict, Lebanon became home to more than 110,000 Palestinian refugees who had fled from Israel.
  2. Lebanon did not participate in the 1967 or 1973 Arab-Israeli wars, nor in the 1991 Gulf War.


  1. The IDF gained experience in low intensity warfare during the years it held a security zone in Lebanon fighting Palestinian militias and later Hizbullah.
  2. During the 1980s Lebanon became the scene of intense fighting between PLO, Syrian, and Israeli forces, as well as indigenous Christian and Muslim factions. (Web site)
  3. After the fighting ended in Lebanon, General Charles de Gaulle visited the area. (Web site)

Mount Lebanon

  1. Median rent in Mount Lebanon, at the time of the 2000 Census, was $529. (Web site)
  2. Lebanon's main rivers are the Litani and the Orontes. (Web site)
  3. Your Mount Lebanon high school homecoming was incredible. (Web site)
  4. Connect with friends - see if they have advice on Mount Lebanon. (Web site)
  5. Lebanon For other places with the same name, see Lebanon (disambiguation).


  1. Lebanon: Authorization for 10 troops to join the UNIFIL mission.
  2. Some saw this as indicating a belief that pro- and anti-Syrian positions are no longer relevant, now that Syrian troops have left Lebanon.

Against Israel

  1. His 1982 invasion of Lebanon turned world opinion against Israel, and he resigned in 1983.
  2. And six years later, Hezbollah launches an attack against Israel (Israel had NOT done anything to Hezbollah or Lebanon provoke such an attack).
  3. During the 1967 Arab-Israeli War, Lebanon gave verbal support to the Arab effort against Israel but did not become involved in any military action. (Web site)


  1. Lebanese for a Free and Independent Lebanon claimed responsibility for the car bomb. (Web site)
  2. On February 14, 2005, Rafik Hariri, the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, was killed by a car bomb. (Web site)


  1. Lebanon's judicial system is based on the Napoleonic Code.
  2. Or maybe, Israel once again flexed the muscles of its long arm in Lebanon. (Web site)
  3. Argentina has a large Arabic community, made up mostly of immigrants from Syria and Lebanon.
  4. The US exploited Hariri's death, and the widespread protests that followed, to evict Syria from Lebanon. (Web site)
  5. Headquartered in Damascus with bases in Lebanon.

Southern Lebanon

  1. In addition, on 25 May 2000, Israel withdrew unilaterally from southern Lebanon, which it had occupied since 1982.
  2. In July, Damascus played an important part in cooling hostilities in southern Lebanon by inducing Hizballah to halt its rocket attacks on northern Israel. (Web site)
  3. An Israeli drone fired at a convoy of refugees fleeing southern Lebanon, killing at least six people and wounding 16. (Web site)
  4. A cluster bomb left over from Israel's war against Hezbollah in southern Lebanon wounded two members of an international team of land mine-clearing experts. (Web site)


  1. Some 17,000 Syrian soldiers formerly deployed in Lebanon have been withdrawn to Syria in response to UNSCR 1559, which was passed in the fall of 2004.
  2. Itamar Ilya, a commando, was killed with 11 other soldiers in Southern Lebanon. (Web site)


  1. Hundreds of families can find their roots in the Middle East, specifically Lebanon or Palestine.
  2. Hundreds of families can find their roots in Lebanon or Palestine, in Middle Eastern families called "turcos". (Web site)


  1. Lebanon, merges with the 47-L line in Pittsburgh's Mt. (Web site)
  2. The town was initially established in 1912 as "Mount Lebanon"; the official name changed to "Mt. (Web site)


  1. Lebanon has a Mediterranean climate. (Web site)
  2. Nabatiye Governorate Nabatiye Governorate (Arabic: ‎ an-Nabatiyah) is one of the six governorates of Lebanon. (Web site)
  3. Israel is located at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea, bounded by Lebanon to the north, Syria and Jordan to the east, and Egypt to the southwest.


  1. Israel invaded in 1978 to challenge the Palestine Liberation Organization 's (PLO) influence in Lebanon and to stop PLO raids on Israel. (Web site)
  2. Palestinian action gradually resumed as PLO members and units returned to S Lebanon. (Web site)
  3. The Israeli government backs a plan to withdraw troops from Lebanon and reduce troops in the West Bank.
  4. By 3 November, the Marine amphibious unit was reembarked aboard its amphibious shipping and had resumed its passage to Lebanon.
  5. The war brought about the destruction of the PLO terrorist infrastructure in Lebanon and forced the PLO and Yasser Arafat into exile in Tunis.


  1. Syria is a military munchkin, still smarting from the loss of the Golan Heights in the Six-Day War in 1967 and its humiliating 2005 withdrawal from Lebanon.
  2. After it was signed, Aoun denounced the Accord for failing to set a clear timeline for the complete withdrawal of the Syrian army from Lebanon.


  1. The urban population, concentrated mainly in Beirut and Mount Lebanon, is noted for its commercial enterprise.
  2. The population of Lebanon comprises various Christian and Muslim sects as well as Druze.
  3. France intervened, forcing the Ottomans to form an autonomous province for an area known as Mount Lebanon under a Christian governor. (Web site)


  1. The flag of Lebanon features a cedar in green against a white backdrop, bounded by two horizontal red stripes along the top and bottom. (Web site)
  2. Headquartered in Damascus, bases in Lebanon, and cells in Europe. (Web site)
  3. On 29 December, three members believed to be of the non-PLO Abu Musa group infiltrated northern Israel from Lebanon. (Web site)
  4. Over the years Palestinian guerrillas operated from Lebanon which led to Israeli attacks on the Palestinian bases. (Web site)

Security Council

  1. The United Nations declared that Israel's withdrawal from southern Lebanon fulfilled the requirements of UN Security Council Resolution 425.
  2. The UN Security Council voted unanimously to keep peacekeepers in Lebanon for another 12 months.
  3. Gen. Mouhamadou Kandji were sent to Lebanon to verify the military withdrawal which was mandated by Security Council resolution 1559.
  4. On May 22 2000, Israel completed its withdrawal from the south of Lebanon in accordance with UN Security Council Resolution 425.
  5. On October 19 2004, the UN Security Council voted unanimously to put out a statement calling on Syria to pull its troops out of Lebanon.


  1. Lebanon's unwritten National Pact of 1943 required that its president be Christian and its prime minister be Muslim.
  2. In northern Lebanon Muslim militants killed 4 soldiers and 3 hostages. (Web site)


  1. The U.S. and France have worked closely to support a sovereign and independent Lebanon, free of Syrian domination. (Web site)
  2. According to polls conducted upon his return to Lebanon, Aoun enjoyed the support of over 60% of the Lebanese (70% of Christians).
  3. The support of Syria and Saudi Arabia for the new administration revived hopes for badly needed financial aid to wartorn Lebanon. (Web site)


  1. At least 335 people have been killed in Lebanon in the Israeli campaign. (Web site)
  2. The clashes in northern Lebanon came hours after a bombing in a Christian town northeast of Beirut killed at least one man. (Web site)


  1. During the war, about 100,000 Palestinian refugees fled to Lebanon. (Web site)
  2. In 2007, Lebanon hosted a population of refugees and asylum seekers numbering approximately 325,800. (Web site)
  3. Kolvenbach also lived in the midst of war in Beirut as a professor of linguistics and working with refugees in Lebanon. (Web site)


  1. Following the 1982 Israeli invasion of Lebanon, Syrian and Israeli forces clashed in eastern Lebanon.
  2. During the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982, Aoun mobilized an army battalion to defend the presidential palace in Baabda, lest it should be attacked.
  3. Cross-border attacks from Lebanon against Israeli territory led to an Israeli invasion on March 15 1978, in what was titled the Litani River Operation.


  1. The U.S. and Syria also consulted closely on the Taif Accord, ending the civil war in Lebanon.
  2. In May 1991, Lebanon and Syria signed the treaty of brotherhood, cooperation, and coordination called for in the Taif Accord.

Middle Eastern

  1. Lebanon has a high proportion of skilled labor compared with many other Middle Eastern countries.
  2. A Middle Eastern country, Lebanon is demarcated to the west by the Mediterranean (Coast: 225 kilometres) and to the east by the Syro-African Depression.


  1. Lebanon concluded negotiations on an association agreement with the European Union in late 2001, and both sides initialed the accord in January 2002.
  2. They reached an agreement that effectively endorsed PLO freedom of action in Lebanon to recruit, arm, train, and employ fighters against Israel. (Web site)

Declared War

  1. Second, the assassination has pushed Lebanon to the brink of another civil war. (Web site)
  2. If Hizbullah's energies are seriously depleted in a civil war, Israel may be in a much better position to attack Lebanon again. (Web site)
  3. Aoun cracked down on the Lebanese Forces and declared a war of "national liberation" against Syria's forces in Lebanon. (Web site)
  4. Israel has not officially declared war on Lebanon, but have said they want to destroy Hezbollah's military capabilities.
  5. Like the helter-skelter retreat from Lebanon they will hail this as another Israeli capitulation in their war of attrition aimed at Israel's destruction.


  1. Lebanon. The entire western border is with Scott Township. (Web site)
  2. Hezbollah guerrillas were killed in raids meant to capture Israeli troops along the Lebanon border. (Web site)
  3. Saad Haddad, founder of the Army of Free Lebanon, proclaimed “independent free Lebanon” near the Israeli border. (Web site)
  4. We in the south [of Lebanon] were raised on the border of occupied Palestine. (Web site)

Political Power

  1. Partly as a result, they have opposed recent attempts by Syria's main ally in Lebanon, the Shiite group Hizbullah, to win a greater share of political power. (Web site)
  2. Hizbullah has a stranglehold over Lebanon if Lebanon cannot control a militant wing in a political power this is war.


  1. In the face of international pressure, the French released the government officials on November 22, 1943 and accepted the independence of Lebanon.
  2. On November 26, 1941 General Georges Catroux announced that Lebanon would become independent under the authority of the Free French government.
  3. Lebanon's officially languages are Arabic and French.


  1. Lebanon subsequently steered a course closer to that of the other Arab nations. (Web site)
  2. In 1952, after the election of Camille Chamoun as president, Lebanon formed closer ties with the West. (Web site)


  1. Built in 1139 by European Crusaders, it is the largest Crusader castle in Lebanon. (Web site)
  2. Another of Lebanon's historic sites is Beaufort Castle. (Web site)
  3. Lebanon, but it serves the youth of the adjacent communities of Greentree, Dormont and Castle Shannon. (Web site)


  1. Anti-Lebanon is a mountain range of Lebanon and Syria.
  2. In the north the Anti-Lebanon extends to the latitude of the Syrian city of Homs.

Syrian Forces

  1. The withdrawal of Syrian forces from Lebanon in 2005 marked one of the most significant American diplomatic achievements in the Middle East in years. (Web site)
  2. Syrian forces in Lebanon There is disagreement over the actual number of Syrian troops deployed in Lebanon. (Web site)

Security Zone

  1. May 23, 2000: Israel withdraws all troops from Lebanon after 18 years patrolling the "security zone," a strip of land in the south of the country. (Web site)
  2. In 1985, Israel was forced to withdraw from most of Lebanon, but again remained in occupation of a "security zone" south of the Litani.


  1. Earth > Continents > Africa > Middle East
  2. Continents > Africa > Middle East > Levant
  3. Earth > Continents > Africa > Mediterranean
  4. Continents > Africa > Middle East > Arab
  5. Encyclopedia of Keywords > Society > Culture


Deir El Qamar
Free Patriotic Movement
Lebanese Civil War
Lebanese Expatriates
Lebanese National Movement
Litani River
Mount Lebanon
National Pact
Palestine Liberation Organization
Ramgavar Party
Taif Agreement
Glossary of Lebanon

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