Review of Short Phrases and Links|
This Review contains major "Protein"- related terms, short phrases and links grouped together in the form of Encyclopedia article.
- A protein is one or more polypeptides more than about 50 amino acids long.
- Protein is also a necessary component in our diet, since animals cannot synthesise all the amino acids and must obtain essential amino acids from food.
- Protein is an important nutrient needed by everyone on a daily basis.
- A protein is a complex, high molecular weight organic compound that consists of amino acids joined by peptide bonds.
- A protein is a chain composed of a long sequence of 20 possible amino acids, also called a polypeptide.
- A score of 100 or above indicates a complete or high-quality protein; a score below 100 indicates a lower quality protein.
- The quality of protein sources used in catfish feeds must be taken into account to ensure that amino acid requirements are met.
- The important quality of protein is its digestibility and absorption.
- Another measure of a protein's use in nutrition is the Biological Value scale.
- A protein shake is the perfect pre-workout meal.
- Protein kinase C signaling in the brain: molecular transduction of mood stabilization in the treatment of manic-depressive illness.
- Others are membrane protein s that act as receptors whose main function is to bind a signaling molecule and induce a biochemical response in the cell.
- This folding continues until the nascent polypeptide chains are released from the ribosome as a mature protein.
- Arai, M. and Kuwajima, K. 2000. Role of the molten globule state in protein folding.
- Saifullah Apr 15 Tu Fast protein folding in the hydrophobic-hydrophilic model within three-eights of optimal.
- Hu, Z., Ma, B., Wolfson, H., and Nussinov, R. 2000. Conservation of polar residues as hot spots at proteinprotein interfaces.
- Outline the difference between fibrous and globular proteins, with reference to two examples of each protein type.
- ACTH and angiotensin II regulation of insulin-like growth factor-I and its binding protein.
- A maize protein associated with the G-box binding complex has homology to brain regulatory.
- Each protein has its own unique amino acid sequence that is specified by the nucleotide sequence of the gene encoding this protein.
- Here, a "tag" consisting of a specific amino acid sequence, often a series of histidine residues (a " His-tag "), is attached to one terminus of the protein.
- Synthesis Main article: Protein biosynthesis The DNA sequence of a gene encodes the amino acid sequence of a protein.
- However, this is a difficult task, especially for large scale protein-protein interaction data.
- A new bacterial alternative to the yeast two-hybrid system and phage display for detecting protein-protein and protein-DNA interactions is described.
- C aveolin is a protein associated with the cytosolic leaflet of the plasma membrane in caveolae.
- Transmembrane protein s can also serve as ligand transport proteins that alter the permeability of the cell's membrane to small molecules and ions.
- The shape into which a protein naturally folds is known as its native state.
- Integrated prediction of the helical membrane protein interactome in yeast.
- Skolnick, J., Kolinski, A. Monte Carlo lattice dynamics and the prediction of protein folds.
- I: Protein kinases, ionic channels, .
- Protein kinase NII from calf thymus chromatin.
- Human T-cell mitogen-activated protein kinase kinases are related to yeast signal transduc.
- Wiener MC. A pedestrian guide to membrane protein crystallization.
- EmrE, a polytopic membrane protein, was synthesized in vitro by using a transcription-translation system.
- Luche S, Santoni V, Rabilloud T: Evaluation of nonionic and zwitterionic detergents as membrane protein solubilizers in two-dimensional electrophoresis.
- Evidence for a protein kinase cascade in higher plants.
- Score: 0.428 Phosphorylation of tyrosine hydroxylase by cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase.
- Affinity purification and characterization of myristoylated alanine-rich protein kinase C . J Biol Chem.
- Purification and characterization of a casein kinase 2-type protein kinase from pea nuclei.
- A variety of systems, such as inducible promoters and specific cell-signaling factors, are available to help express the protein of interest at high levels.
- In either case, DNA coding for a protein of interest is now inside a cell, and the protein can now be expressed.
- Phage display is a test to screen for protein interactions by integrating multiple genes from a gene bank into phages.
- This protein was the first to have its structure solved by X-ray crystallography.
- Distinct contributions of KH domains to substrate binding affinity of Drosophila P-element somatic inhibitor protein.
- As of 2006, the Protein Data Bank has nearly 40,000 atomic-resolution structures of proteins.
- Tertiary structure: the overall shape of a single protein molecule; the spatial relationship of the secondary structures to one another.
- Section of a protein structure showing serine and alanine residues linked together by peptide bonds.
- The secondary structure in solution of acyl-coenzyme A binding protein from bovine liver u.
- Protein structure prediction is another important application of bioinformatics.
- Other techniques for predicting protein structure include protein threading and de novo (from scratch) physics-based modeling.
- Sali, A. 100,000 protein structures for the biologist.
- Many more gene sequences are known than protein structures.
- Similarly turns in protein structure are repented in PO using OtherFolds Concept.
- Score: 0.399 Dystrophin is phosphorylated by endogenous protein kinases.
- Score: 0.446 Regulation of yeast phosphorylase by phosphorylase kinase and cAMP-dependent protein kinase.
- For example, the apparent hydrodynamic radius of a typical protein domain might be 14 -- and 36 -- for the folded and unfolded forms respectively.
- Neurath, H. 1980. Limited proteolysis, protein folding and physiological regulation.
- In limited proteolysis, the site of cleavage should be on the protein surface, needs to be flexible, and cannot be in the middle of -helices ( Fontana et al.
- Score: 0.482 Phosphorylation of casein by cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase.
- Score: 0.458 Phosphorylation of epidermal keratin proteins by cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase.
- A protonated histidine residue in a phosphorylation site for cyclic AMP-dependent protein .
- In situ proteolysis for protein crystallization and structure determination.
- Automated crystallographic system for high-throughput protein structure determination.
- Score: 0.393 Protein phosphorylation and beta-cell function.
- Score: 0.426 Cell signaling by protein tyrosine phosphorylation.
- Insulin receptor tyrosine kinase-catalyzed phosphorylation of 422(aP2) protein.
- Nerve growth factor stimulates the tyrosine phosphorylation of a 38-kDa protein that speci.
- Integrin-dependent phosphorylation and activation of the protein tyrosine kinase pp125FAK . J Cell Biol.
- The Wee1 protein is a tyrosine kinase.
- Association of protein-tyrosine kinase with phospholipase C-gamma 1 in bone marrow-derived.
- Purification and characterization of a casein kinase 2-type protein kinase from pea nuclei.
- A novel protein kinase C (PKC)-interacting protein was identified by the yeast two-hybrid screening using the regulatory domain of PKCβI as a bait.
- In its purest form, as whey protein isolate, it contains little to no fat, lactose or cholesterol.
- Whey protein is also the richest known source of naturally occurring branched chain amino acids (leucine, isoleucine and valine).
- If you do not use BCAA's, use a quality whey protein.
- The active (folded) conformation of a protein is the global free energy minimum .
- Camacho CJ, Weng Z, Vajda S, and DeLisi C. Free energy landscapes of encounter complexes in protein-protein association.
- Antibodies that specifically bind to the protein of interest can then be visualized by a variety of techniques, including chemoluminescence or radioactivity.
- This is usually done in a protein database such as PIR or Swiss-Prot.
- The bacterial conjugation protein TrwB resembles ring helicases and F1-ATPase.
- The Unstained Protein Molecular Weight Marker can be used in Western blotting on PVDF, nylon and nitrocellulose membranes.
- One method of protein identification is peptide mass fingerprinting ( 77, 79, 102, 125, 175).
- The sequence of amino acids in a protein is defined by a gene and encoded in the genetic code.
- Due to the chemical structure of the individual amino acids, the protein chain has directionality.
- In animals, amino acids are obtained through the consumption of foods containing protein.
- Protein is also necessary in animals' diets, since they cannot synthesise all the amino acids and must obtain essential amino acids from food.
- Rennie MJ, Tipton KD: Protein and amino acid metabolism during and after exercise and the effects of nutrition.
- Whey protein is a high quality, complete protein, with all the essential amino acids.
- Plant proteins can be combined to provide all of the essential amino acids and form a complete protein.
- It has been shown that in order for protein balance to become positive post workout, dietary protein, specifically the amino acid leucine, must be consumed.
- As glycogen synthase can only lengthen an existing chain, the protein glycogenin is needed to initiate the synthesis of glycogen.
- Score: 0.458 The phosphorylation of rabbit skeletal-muscle glycogen synthase by cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase.
- One of the most basic techniques of molecular biology to study protein function is expression cloning.
- After the antibody has bound to the protein of interest, this antibody-protein complex can be separated from all other proteins by centrifugation.
- Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1962 for determining the first crystal structure of a protein, myoglobin.
- Antibodies to most proteins can be created by injecting small amounts of the protein into an animal such as a mouse, rabbit, sheep, or donkey.
- For monitoring protein conformational changes, the target protein is labeled with a donor and an acceptor at two loci.
- The study of proteins in vivo is often concerned with the synthesis and localization of the protein within the cell.
- The rate of protein synthesis is higher in prokaryotes than eukaryotes and can reach up to 20 amino acids per second.
- Yoshizawa F. "Regulation of protein synthesis by branched-chain amino acids in vivo." Biochem Biophys Res Commun.
- Under such conditions, BCAAs may promote protein synthesis, suppress protein catabolism and serve as substrates for gluconeogenesis.
- Sedentary people and recreational athletes have similar protein requirements, about 1 gram of protein per kilogram of body mass.
- That's why it is important for all athletes to have adequate protein intakes.
- Tarnopolsky M: Protein requirements for endurance athletes.
- Soy phytoestrogens ( isoflavones: genistein and daidzein) adsorbed onto the soy protein were suggested as the agent reducing serum cholesterol levels.
- Egg white has a score of 1.00, beef 0.92, isolated soy protein 0.92, and soy concentrate 0.99.
- The majority of MRPs use whey protein, calcium caseinate or micellar casein, soy protein and egg albumin as the protein source.
- Solae isolated soy proteins from The Solae Company are being used in the majority of clinical research surrounding the health benefits of soy protein.
- Soy protein concentrate retains most of the fiber of the original soybean.
- One tonne of defatted soybean flakes will yield about 750 kg of soybean protein concentrate.
- A large body of literature indicates that protein from soybeans reduces blood cholesterol concentrations in experimental animals as well as in humans.
- Anderson JW, Johnstone BM, Cook-Newell ME. Meta-analysis of the effects of soy protein intake on serum lipids.
- Then it’s better that you restrict your whey protein intake to after training.
- Also, data indicate that plant protein sources can be used to re place or reduce the use of animal protein.
- In conclusion, data presented in this bulletin indicate that levels of dietary protein and animal protein can be reduced in commercial catfish feeds.
- Of the world's major protein sources, soybeans provide the largest amount of protein per unit area, while beef livestock provide the least.
- It can produce 20 times more protein per acre than soybeans.
- Due to a high protein content.
- It disappears in cows fed cottonseed meal or high protein soy-based feeds.
- Camacho C, Gatchell D, Kimura R, and Vajda S. Scoring docked conformations generated by rigid body protein-protein docking.
- For natural proteins, a series of purification steps may be necessary to obtain protein sufficiently pure for laboratory applications.
- Common forms of malnutrition include protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) and micronutrient malnutrition.
- The amount of edible protein per unit area of land for various major foodstuffs is shown in the chart at right.
- Maintaining a positive nitrogen balance will prevent the body from dipping into its own muscle tissue (catabolism) to get nutrients it needs (like protein).
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