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  Encyclopedia of Keywords > Society > Humans > Health > Protein   Michael Charnine

Keywords and Sections
QUALITY PROTEIN
PROTEINS
SIGNALING
FOLDING
BINDING
AMINO ACIDS
PROTEIN-PROTEIN
MEMBRANE
PREDICTION
PROTEIN KINASE
MEMBRANE PROTEINS
PURIFICATION
DOCKING
STRUCTURE
PROTEIN STRUCTURE
SCORE
LIMITED PROTEOLYSIS
CYCLIC AMP-DEPENDENT PROTEIN
STRUCTURE DETERMINATION
PHOSPHORYLATION
KINASE
WHEY PROTEIN
FREE ENERGY
PROTEIN IDENTIFICATION
GENETIC CODE
ESSENTIAL AMINO
GLYCOGEN SYNTHASE
PROTEIN PURIFICATION
SYNTHESIS
ATHLETES
SOY PROTEIN
SOYBEANS
PROTEIN INTAKE
ANIMAL PROTEIN
PROTEIN PER
HIGH PROTEIN
PROTEIN
Review of Short Phrases and Links

    This Review contains major "Protein"- related terms, short phrases and links grouped together in the form of Encyclopedia article.

Definitions

  1. A protein is one or more polypeptides more than about 50 amino acids long.
  2. Protein is also a necessary component in our diet, since animals cannot synthesise all the amino acids and must obtain essential amino acids from food. (Web site)
  3. Protein is an important nutrient needed by everyone on a daily basis.
  4. A protein is a complex, high molecular weight organic compound that consists of amino acids joined by peptide bonds.
  5. A protein is a chain composed of a long sequence of 20 possible amino acids, also called a polypeptide.

Quality Protein

  1. A score of 100 or above indicates a complete or high-quality protein; a score below 100 indicates a lower quality protein. (Web site)
  2. The quality of protein sources used in catfish feeds must be taken into account to ensure that amino acid requirements are met. (Web site)
  3. The important quality of protein is its digestibility and absorption.

Proteins

  1. Another measure of a protein's use in nutrition is the Biological Value scale. (Web site)
  2. A protein shake is the perfect pre-workout meal. (Web site)

Signaling

  1. Protein kinase C signaling in the brain: molecular transduction of mood stabilization in the treatment of manic-depressive illness. (Web site)
  2. Others are membrane protein s that act as receptors whose main function is to bind a signaling molecule and induce a biochemical response in the cell.

Folding

  1. This folding continues until the nascent polypeptide chains are released from the ribosome as a mature protein.
  2. Arai, M. and Kuwajima, K. 2000. Role of the molten globule state in protein folding.
  3. Saifullah Apr 15 Tu Fast protein folding in the hydrophobic-hydrophilic model within three-eights of optimal. (Web site)
  4. Hu, Z., Ma, B., Wolfson, H., and Nussinov, R. 2000. Conservation of polar residues as hot spots at protein–protein interfaces.
  5. Outline the difference between fibrous and globular proteins, with reference to two examples of each protein type. (Web site)

Binding

  1. ACTH and angiotensin II regulation of insulin-like growth factor-I and its binding protein. (Web site)
  2. A maize protein associated with the G-box binding complex has homology to brain regulatory. (Web site)

Amino Acids

  1. Each protein has its own unique amino acid sequence that is specified by the nucleotide sequence of the gene encoding this protein.
  2. Here, a "tag" consisting of a specific amino acid sequence, often a series of histidine residues (a " His-tag "), is attached to one terminus of the protein.
  3. Synthesis Main article: Protein biosynthesis The DNA sequence of a gene encodes the amino acid sequence of a protein.

Protein-Protein

  1. However, this is a difficult task, especially for large scale protein-protein interaction data.
  2. A new bacterial alternative to the yeast two-hybrid system and phage display for detecting protein-protein and protein-DNA interactions is described.

Membrane

  1. C aveolin is a protein associated with the cytosolic leaflet of the plasma membrane in caveolae. (Web site)
  2. Transmembrane protein s can also serve as ligand transport proteins that alter the permeability of the cell's membrane to small molecules and ions.

Prediction

  1. The shape into which a protein naturally folds is known as its native state. (Web site)
  2. Integrated prediction of the helical membrane protein interactome in yeast. (Web site)
  3. Skolnick, J., Kolinski, A. Monte Carlo lattice dynamics and the prediction of protein folds.

Protein Kinase

  1. I: Protein kinases, ionic channels, . (Web site)
  2. Protein kinase NII from calf thymus chromatin.
  3. Human T-cell mitogen-activated protein kinase kinases are related to yeast signal transduc. (Web site)

Membrane Proteins

  1. Wiener MC. A pedestrian guide to membrane protein crystallization. (Web site)
  2. EmrE, a polytopic membrane protein, was synthesized in vitro by using a transcription-translation system. (Web site)
  3. Luche S, Santoni V, Rabilloud T: Evaluation of nonionic and zwitterionic detergents as membrane protein solubilizers in two-dimensional electrophoresis.

Purification

  1. Evidence for a protein kinase cascade in higher plants.
  2. Score: 0.428 Phosphorylation of tyrosine hydroxylase by cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase.
  3. Affinity purification and characterization of myristoylated alanine-rich protein kinase C . J Biol Chem. (Web site)
  4. Purification and characterization of a casein kinase 2-type protein kinase from pea nuclei. (Web site)

Docking

  1. A variety of systems, such as inducible promoters and specific cell-signaling factors, are available to help express the protein of interest at high levels.
  2. In either case, DNA coding for a protein of interest is now inside a cell, and the protein can now be expressed.
  3. Phage display is a test to screen for protein interactions by integrating multiple genes from a gene bank into phages. (Web site)
  4. This protein was the first to have its structure solved by X-ray crystallography. (Web site)
  5. Distinct contributions of KH domains to substrate binding affinity of Drosophila P-element somatic inhibitor protein.

Structure

  1. As of 2006, the Protein Data Bank has nearly 40,000 atomic-resolution structures of proteins.
  2. Tertiary structure: the overall shape of a single protein molecule; the spatial relationship of the secondary structures to one another.
  3. Section of a protein structure showing serine and alanine residues linked together by peptide bonds.
  4. The secondary structure in solution of acyl-coenzyme A binding protein from bovine liver u.

Protein Structure

  1. Protein structure prediction is another important application of bioinformatics. (Web site)
  2. Other techniques for predicting protein structure include protein threading and de novo (from scratch) physics-based modeling. (Web site)
  3. Sali, A. 100,000 protein structures for the biologist. (Web site)
  4. Many more gene sequences are known than protein structures.
  5. Similarly turns in protein structure are repented in PO using OtherFolds Concept.

Score

  1. Score: 0.399 Dystrophin is phosphorylated by endogenous protein kinases.
  2. Score: 0.446 Regulation of yeast phosphorylase by phosphorylase kinase and cAMP-dependent protein kinase.

Limited Proteolysis

  1. For example, the apparent hydrodynamic radius of a typical protein domain might be 14 -- and 36 -- for the folded and unfolded forms respectively.
  2. Neurath, H. 1980. Limited proteolysis, protein folding and physiological regulation.
  3. In limited proteolysis, the site of cleavage should be on the protein surface, needs to be flexible, and cannot be in the middle of -helices ( Fontana et al.

Cyclic Amp-Dependent Protein

  1. Score: 0.482 Phosphorylation of casein by cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase.
  2. Score: 0.458 Phosphorylation of epidermal keratin proteins by cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase.
  3. A protonated histidine residue in a phosphorylation site for cyclic AMP-dependent protein .

Structure Determination

  1. In situ proteolysis for protein crystallization and structure determination. (Web site)
  2. Automated crystallographic system for high-throughput protein structure determination. (Web site)

Phosphorylation

  1. Score: 0.393 Protein phosphorylation and beta-cell function.
  2. Score: 0.426 Cell signaling by protein tyrosine phosphorylation.
  3. Insulin receptor tyrosine kinase-catalyzed phosphorylation of 422(aP2) protein.
  4. Nerve growth factor stimulates the tyrosine phosphorylation of a 38-kDa protein that speci. (Web site)
  5. Integrin-dependent phosphorylation and activation of the protein tyrosine kinase pp125FAK . J Cell Biol.

Kinase

  1. The Wee1 protein is a tyrosine kinase.
  2. Association of protein-tyrosine kinase with phospholipase C-gamma 1 in bone marrow-derived.
  3. Purification and characterization of a casein kinase 2-type protein kinase from pea nuclei. (Web site)
  4. A novel protein kinase C (PKC)-interacting protein was identified by the yeast two-hybrid screening using the regulatory domain of PKCβI as a bait.

Whey Protein

  1. In its purest form, as whey protein isolate, it contains little to no fat, lactose or cholesterol.
  2. Whey protein is also the richest known source of naturally occurring branched chain amino acids (leucine, isoleucine and valine).
  3. If you do not use BCAA's, use a quality whey protein. (Web site)

Free Energy

  1. The active (folded) conformation of a protein is the global free energy minimum [7].
  2. Camacho CJ, Weng Z, Vajda S, and DeLisi C. Free energy landscapes of encounter complexes in protein-protein association.

Protein Identification

  1. Antibodies that specifically bind to the protein of interest can then be visualized by a variety of techniques, including chemoluminescence or radioactivity.
  2. This is usually done in a protein database such as PIR or Swiss-Prot.
  3. The bacterial conjugation protein TrwB resembles ring helicases and F1-ATPase. (Web site)
  4. The Unstained Protein Molecular Weight Marker can be used in Western blotting on PVDF, nylon and nitrocellulose membranes.
  5. One method of protein identification is peptide mass fingerprinting ( 77, 79, 102, 125, 175).

Genetic Code

  1. The sequence of amino acids in a protein is defined by a gene and encoded in the genetic code.
  2. Due to the chemical structure of the individual amino acids, the protein chain has directionality.
  3. In animals, amino acids are obtained through the consumption of foods containing protein.
  4. Protein is also necessary in animals' diets, since they cannot synthesise all the amino acids and must obtain essential amino acids from food.
  5. Rennie MJ, Tipton KD: Protein and amino acid metabolism during and after exercise and the effects of nutrition.

Essential Amino

  1. Whey protein is a high quality, complete protein, with all the essential amino acids.
  2. Plant proteins can be combined to provide all of the essential amino acids and form a complete protein.
  3. It has been shown that in order for protein balance to become positive post workout, dietary protein, specifically the amino acid leucine, must be consumed. (Web site)

Glycogen Synthase

  1. As glycogen synthase can only lengthen an existing chain, the protein glycogenin is needed to initiate the synthesis of glycogen. (Web site)
  2. Score: 0.458 The phosphorylation of rabbit skeletal-muscle glycogen synthase by cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase.

Protein Purification

  1. One of the most basic techniques of molecular biology to study protein function is expression cloning.
  2. After the antibody has bound to the protein of interest, this antibody-protein complex can be separated from all other proteins by centrifugation.
  3. Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1962 for determining the first crystal structure of a protein, myoglobin.
  4. Antibodies to most proteins can be created by injecting small amounts of the protein into an animal such as a mouse, rabbit, sheep, or donkey.
  5. For monitoring protein conformational changes, the target protein is labeled with a donor and an acceptor at two loci. (Web site)

Synthesis

  1. The study of proteins in vivo is often concerned with the synthesis and localization of the protein within the cell.
  2. The rate of protein synthesis is higher in prokaryotes than eukaryotes and can reach up to 20 amino acids per second.
  3. Yoshizawa F. "Regulation of protein synthesis by branched-chain amino acids in vivo." Biochem Biophys Res Commun.
  4. Under such conditions, BCAAs may promote protein synthesis, suppress protein catabolism and serve as substrates for gluconeogenesis.

Athletes

  1. Sedentary people and recreational athletes[18] have similar protein requirements, about 1 gram of protein per kilogram of body mass.
  2. That's why it is important for all athletes to have adequate protein intakes.
  3. Tarnopolsky M: Protein requirements for endurance athletes.

Soy Protein

  1. Soy phytoestrogens ( isoflavones: genistein and daidzein) adsorbed onto the soy protein were suggested as the agent reducing serum cholesterol levels. (Web site)
  2. Egg white has a score of 1.00, beef 0.92, isolated soy protein 0.92, and soy concentrate 0.99. (Web site)
  3. The majority of MRPs use whey protein, calcium caseinate or micellar casein, soy protein and egg albumin as the protein source.
  4. Solae™ isolated soy proteins from The Solae Company are being used in the majority of clinical research surrounding the health benefits of soy protein.

Soybeans

  1. Soy protein concentrate retains most of the fiber of the original soybean. (Web site)
  2. One tonne of defatted soybean flakes will yield about 750 kg of soybean protein concentrate. (Web site)
  3. A large body of literature indicates that protein from soybeans reduces blood cholesterol concentrations in experimental animals as well as in humans. (Web site)

Protein Intake

  1. Anderson JW, Johnstone BM, Cook-Newell ME. Meta-analysis of the effects of soy protein intake on serum lipids. (Web site)
  2. Then it’s better that you restrict your whey protein intake to after training.

Animal Protein

  1. Also, data indicate that plant protein sources can be used to re place or reduce the use of animal protein. (Web site)
  2. In conclusion, data presented in this bulletin indicate that levels of dietary protein and animal protein can be reduced in commercial catfish feeds. (Web site)

Protein Per

  1. Of the world's major protein sources, soybeans provide the largest amount of protein per unit area, while beef livestock provide the least. (Web site)
  2. It can produce 20 times more protein per acre than soybeans.

High Protein

  1. Due to a high protein content. (Web site)
  2. It disappears in cows fed cottonseed meal or high protein soy-based feeds. (Web site)

Protein

  1. Camacho C, Gatchell D, Kimura R, and Vajda S. Scoring docked conformations generated by rigid body protein-protein docking.
  2. For natural proteins, a series of purification steps may be necessary to obtain protein sufficiently pure for laboratory applications.
  3. Common forms of malnutrition include protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) and micronutrient malnutrition. (Web site)
  4. The amount of edible protein per unit area of land for various major foodstuffs is shown in the chart at right. (Web site)
  5. Maintaining a positive nitrogen balance will prevent the body from dipping into its own muscle tissue (catabolism) to get nutrients it needs (like protein).

Categories

  1. Encyclopedia of Keywords > Society > Humans > Health
  2. Nature > Life > Behavior > Action
  3. Encyclopedia of Keywords > Society > Humans
  4. Encyclopedia of Keywords > Information > Evaluation > Analysis
  5. Encyclopedia of Keywords > Information
  6. Books about "Protein" in Amazon.com

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  Short phrases about "Protein"
  Originally created: March 20, 2008.
  Links checked: June 10, 2013.
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