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  Encyclopedia of Keywords > Liquids > Water > Valleys > Rift Valley > Rift   Michael Charnine

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    This Review contains major "Rift"- related terms, short phrases and links grouped together in the form of Encyclopedia article.


  1. A rift is a split in the crust.
  2. A rift is signalled by volcanic activity through the weakened crust. (Web site)
  3. Rift is 8m deep to a massive snowplug; it is just possible that snow-clearing would find a way on downslope. (Web site)
  4. The rift is known as the Mbéré Rift Valley, and crustal extension has allowed magma to reach the surface along a line extending through Cameroon. (Web site)
  5. The Rift is surrounded by dormant volcanoes, calderas and mountain ranges.

Albertine Rift

  1. This area occupies the parallel mountain ranges that enclose the Albertine Rift, the western branch of the Great Rift Valley. (Web site)
  2. It continues in the southwesterly direction, splitting into two - the Eastern Rift and the Western Rift (also called the Albertine rift).
  3. Rifting and the formation of lake basins in the Albertine Rift. (Web site)


  1. The 160 km drive from Nairobi passes through highland farms of the Kikuyu people before descending the escarpment into the dramatic landscape of the Rift. (Web site)
  2. Magadi, Kenya is a town in the Great Rift Valley at Lake Magadi, located southwest of Nairobi, in southern Kenya. (Web site)
  3. Only 90 kms (56 miles) north west of Nairobi, at the foot of the Rift Valley Escarpment, lies Lake Naivasha.

Rift Valley Province

  1. Naivasha is a market town in Rift Valley Province, Kenya, lying north west of Nairobi.
  2. We overnight in Nakuru, Kenyas 4th largest town and capital of the Rift Valley Province. (Web site)

Rift Zone

  1. This rift zone separates the Nubian Plate to the west from the Somali Plate to the east.
  2. Since 1955, most eruptions of Kilauea Volcano have been on the east flank (rift zone) of the volcano. (Web site)
  3. The rift zone for this volcano is about 31 km (19 mi) long and oriented northwest-southeast across the 2.8 by 3.7 km (1.7 × 2.3 mi) caldera. (Web site)

Rift Zones

  1. Kilauea has three particular spots that are susceptible to volcanoes – its summit and two rift zones. (Web site)
  2. The rift zones of active Hawai`i volcanoes also subside as they are spread apart to accommodate intrusion and eruption of magma.
  3. The remaining 6% have occurred from vents to the northwest of the summit, away from the rift zones. (Web site)

Rift Valley Lake

  1. The Red Sea, for example, is thought to have originated as a rift valley lake. (Web site)
  2. We pass the Rift Valley lakes to Arba Minch, set amidst green hills close to the Rift Valley lake of Chamo and Nechisar National Park.
  3. Lake Rukwa (brown with sediments, above) is a Rift Valley lake although not considered one of the African Great Lakes.

Rift Valley Lakes

  1. A great number of species can be found around the Rift Valley lakes of Naivasha, Nakuru and Baringo. (Web site)
  2. The lakes of the Western or Albertine Rift, together with Lake Victoria, include the largest, deepest and oldest of the Rift Valley lakes.
  3. The Rift Valley Lakes are a group of lakes formed by the Great Rift Valley of eastern Africa. (Web site)

Rift Valley Fever

  1. Rift Valley Fever was first identified in the Rift Valley of Kenya in the early 1930s. (Web site)
  2. From 19 December 2006 to 20 February 2007, a total of 114 cases including 51 deaths (case-fatality ratio, 45%) of Rift Valley Fever were reported in Somalia. (Web site)
  3. Daubney R, Hudson JR, Garnham PC. Enzootic hepatitis or Rift Valley fever: an undescribed virus disease of sheep, cattle, and man from East Africa. (Web site)


  1. Pangea Begins to Rift Apart The supercontinent of Pangea began to break apart in the Middle Jurassic. (Web site)
  2. Each time that a continent split away from the supercontinent a rift had to form and a new ocean basin was formed. (Web site)


  1. Formation By 900 million years ago a triple junction formed as the supercontinent Rodinia started to rift apart. (Web site)
  2. Elgon is similar to other such volcanoes in East Africa in that it is associated with the formation of the Rift Valley. (Web site)
  3. This animation shows the progressive formation and evolution of a continental rift, and the formation of a mid-ocean ridge. (Web site)


  1. In Kenya, the Rift Valley gave rise to many lakes that have become a habitat for diverse wildlife. (Web site)


  1. As the rift grew and the valley floor sank, still more volcanic rocks were deposited, ultimately reaching tens of thousands of feet in thickness.
  2. From the top of the escarpment of the Great Rift Valley you can see Lake Naivasha sparkling in the sun thousands of feet below.
  3. Lake Naivasha, at over 6,000 feet, is the highest lake in the Rift Valley and one of its most beautiful. (Web site)

Normal Faults

  1. The divergence causes normal faults and rift valleys (grabens) to form there as a result of the tension in the crust.
  2. Red dashed lines on the seafloor and on the coast to the south are the major normal faults which control the region's morphology and the opening of the rift.


  1. The basins, bounded by easterly dipping faults, trend along the western side of the rift from Lake Turkana to the Elgayo Escarpment-Tugen Hills area. (Web site)
  2. Along its northeast margin, the African Plate is bounded by the Red Sea Rift where the Arabian Plate is moving away from the African Plate. (Web site)


  1. In the east, the land rises into a plateau with heights over 5,000 ft., and then into the higher volcanic mountains of the Great Rift Valley. (Web site)
  2. West of the Rift Valley, the plateau descends to the plains that border Lake Victoria. (Web site)
  3. The landscape changes in the northwest where the Rift Valley and Lake Turkana cross the plateau.

Panoramic Views

  1. The 52km drive to the park office at Sempaya provides panoramic views over the rift during the descent from Buranga.
  2. Leave for Nairobi with lunch enroute and a stop for panoramic views of the Great Rift Valley. (Web site)
  3. Picnic lunch enroute with stop over for panoramic views of the Rift valley and Lake Elementaita, arriving nakuru in the late afternoon. (Web site)


  1. Between the Mau Escarpment and the Aberdare mountains, especially at Nakuru, the rift is the narrowest and the most spectacular. (Web site)
  2. Part of the way is along the edge of the Rift Valley Escarpment and the views are spectacular. (Web site)
  3. The Rift Valley and Central Highlands area form the backbone of the country, and this is where Kenya's scenery is at its most spectacular. (Web site)


  1. Lake Baikal is in a rift valley, created by the Baikal Rift Zone, where the crust of the earth is pulling apart.
  2. The quakes in the Sudan probably relate to the East African rift zone, a tectonic structure that is slowly pulling apart the eastern margin of the continent. (Web site)
  3. Also like the Keewenaw Rift, the Rio Grande Rift stopped growing after a few million years, as the tectonic processes ceased pulling the continent apart. (Web site)


  1. The Lodge is located on the edge of the Nguruman Escarpment overlooking the Great Rift Valley, Kenya. (Web site)


  1. Heading south down the Rift Valley we turn east at Mojo for Nazareth, where we will take lunch, before proceeding to the park for a game drive. (Web site)
  2. The land portion of the Park is situated between the lake and the sheer rock walls of the Rift Valley escarpment that tower 610 metres (2 000 feet) above. (Web site)
  3. This is the second most accessible park, since Nakuru is the fourth city in the country and the head town of the Rift Valley.


  1. Magma, a few miles below the surface, moves from the summit down and through the rift. (Web site)
  2. Faults were created along the rift and igneous rocks formed from magma that was being pushed towards the surface. (Web site)
  3. The elevation of the rift valley drops to about 400 m below sea level at the present shores of the Dead Sea, the lowest point on the surface of the earth. (Web site)


  1. The complex structure of the Precambrian rocks that comprise the uplands is clearly visible on both sides of the rift near the center of the mosaic. (Web site)
  2. The Great Atlantic rift is clearly visible, a rift that is slowly pulling Iceland apart along tectonic plates. (Web site)
  3. Longonot. From this vantage point, the Great Rift Valley, Lake Naivasha and the eerily carpet-like inner forest of the crater are all clearly visible.


  1. Eruptions generally occur in three regions on the mountain: at the summit and in two rift zone s extending northeast and southwest of the summit. (Web site)
  2. East of the rift are mountain ranges, including the Anti-Lebanon Mts. (Web site)
  3. In some volcanoes these cones form lower down the mountain, along rift zones. (Web site)


  1. Lake Baringo is situated in the Great Rift Valley in Kenya, north of the Equator, at an altitude of 1,050m (3,500 feet). (Web site)
  2. It overlooks the western side of the Great Rift Valley at an altitude of 8,000 feet.
  3. From this altitude, the true magnitude of the Rift is revealed in its long winding lava flows, deep volcanic craters and jagged peaks. (Web site)


  1. Thus, upwelling of the mantle beneath the continental rift zones likely results in various degrees of melting of the mantle by decompression melting. (Web site)
  2. Twin sheets of fresh, mile-thick crust emerge from the mantle along the sides of the rift valley and flow slowly away from it in opposite directions. (Web site)


  1. The East African Rift is unusual in that most of the world's active rifts are found in oceanic crust, and mostly beneath the seas. (Web site)
  2. Seismic shadows reveal a magma chamber about 1.75 miles (3 km) beneath the summit and smaller magma bodies beneath the rift zones. (Web site)
  3. This second trend coincides with an intrusive igneous body which lies deeply buried beneath the sediments of the rift zone. (Web site)


  1. Furthermore, Pangea began to rift into smaller divisions, bringing more land area in contact with the ocean by forming the Tethys Sea. (Web site)
  2. The rift subsequently moved to the east of Greenland, forming the Reykjanes Ridge that now separates the North American plate from the European plate.
  3. The ground within rift zones can sink abruptly during magma intrusions and eruptions, sometimes forming a feature known as a "graben" (German for "ditch").


  1. Over 400 species of birds have been seen in the Rift Valley, and Lake Naivasha, Lake Nakuru and Hells Gate all offer great bird viewing opportunities. (Web site)
  2. The Albertine Rift harbors more endemic mammals, birds, and amphibians than any other region in Africa.
  3. In depth guide to the seasons, animals, birds and wildlife habitats of the African safari region of Rift Valley in Kenya. (Web site)


  1. The Ethiopian Rift Valley, which is part of the famous East African Rift Valley, comprises numerous hot springs, beautiful lakes and a variety of wildlife. (Web site)
  2. In short, the Rift Valley is endowed with many beautiful lakes, numerous hot springs, warm and pleasant climate and a variety of wildlife.
  3. The Great Rift Valley with its seven beautiful lakes, numerous hot springs and a variety of wildlife, offers great potentials for the development of tourism. (Web site)


  1. Nyiragongo is associated with the East African Rift and is part of the Virunga Volcanic Chain.
  2. A broad, masssive shield volcano located across the East African Rift Valley from Nyiragongo, it is Africa's most active volcano in historic times. (Web site)
  3. Nyiragongo is part of the Virunga Volcanic Chain (the most active in Africa), and it's associated with the East African Rift Zone.


  1. Evidence of volcanic activity along the rift is provided by the presence of numerous boiling hot springs. (Web site)
  2. Volcanic activity, which greatly contributed to the formation of the Rift Valley, continues up to present times. (Web site)
  3. There are numerous areas along the rift valley in Tanzania that have boiling hot springs as a direct result of the volcanic activity.

Western Rift Valley

  1. In eastern Africa the valley divides into two, the Western Rift Valley and the Eastern Rift Valley.
  2. The western branch is more commonly known as the Albertine Rift or the Western Rift Valley. (Web site)
  3. The park is located in the South Western Uganda on the edge of the western rift valley.


  1. Where the savannah is criss-crossed by shining river valleys, and the escarpment, the edge of the Western Rift Valley, plunges into Lake Albert. (Web site)
  2. Leave Nairobi and drive through the farmlands at the edge the Rift Valley and descend the escarpment via the view point with the vehicle to Narok town. (Web site)
  3. Bwindi impenetrable National Park is located on the edge of the western rift valley (Albertine rift), South Western Uganda. (Web site)


  1. A rift valley is a linear-shaped lowland between highlands or mountain ranges created by the action of a geologic rift or fault. (Web site)
  2. The researchers find that the rift has undergone major changes in fault activity and the shape of the rift basin during its short history. (Web site)
  3. The fault is so massive that when astronauts landed on the moon the Rift Valley was clearly visible to them. (Web site)


  1. Rift valleys, such as the Red Sea and the African rift valleys, are commonly the sites of volcanism and the locus of much earthquake activity. (Web site)
  2. He hopes to revive it with a mission into the Turkish forest, where a recent earthquake has opened a rift in the dormant volcano, Mt.
  3. The earthquake occurred in the Western Rift of the East African rift system. (Web site)


  1. Furthermore, Pangaea began to rift into smaller divisions, bringing more land area in contact with the ocean by forming the Tethys Sea. (Web site)
  2. The break-up of Pangaea continues today in the Great Rift Valley; ongoing collisions may indicate the incipient creation of a new supercontinent. (Web site)
  3. When Pangaea was breaking up and our state was drifting toward its present position, a rift valley formed at the breaking point. (Web site)

Million Years

  1. The formation of the Rift Valley continues: within a few million years, eastern Africa will probably split off to form a new landmass. (Web site)
  2. The Great Rift Valley, mostly known in Kenya as the East African Rift Valley, was formed between 2 and 7 million years ago. (Web site)
  3. Geophysicists have calculated that in 10 million years the East African Rift System will be as large as the Red Sea. (Web site)


  1. In the crater of Nyiragongo a Rising magma steadily pushes slabs of Earth's crust apart along a divergent plate boundary marked by the east African rift.
  2. The view down on Rift Valley is magnificent, as is the view down into the crater of the volcano. (Web site)
  3. The walk up is hard, but worth it both for the wildlife and the final spectacular views of the crater and along the Rift.


  1. It is near-constantly erupting from vents either on its summit (caldera) or on the rift zones.
  2. Its relatively flat summit apparently contains a caldera about 3 miles across; two distinct ridges radiating from the summit are probably rift zones. (Web site)
  3. Typical eruptions consist of lava flows forming lava lakes in Halemaumau or elsewhere on the caldera through fissures and rift zones. (Web site)


  1. Rift valley fever is a fever-causing disease that affects livestock (including cattle, buffalo, sheep, and goats) and humans in Africa. (Web site)
  2. Hell's Gate National Park is named after a narrow break in the cliffs, once a tributary of a prehistoric lake that fed early humans in the Rift Valley. (Web site)


  1. Health authorities in Kenya say an outbreak of Rift Valley Fever that began last month appears to be tapering off.
  2. During an intense El Niño event in 1997, the largest known outbreak of Rift Valley fever spread across the Horn of Africa. (Web site)
  3. Successive schemes for Home Rule widened the rift, so that by the outbreak of World War I civil war in Ireland was an immediate danger. (Web site)


  1. From the Dead Sea southwards, the Rift is occupied by the Wadi Arabah and then the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea. (Web site)
  2. The faulting is related to an aulacogen (geologic term for a failed rift) that formed at the same time as the Gulf of Mexico.
  3. The junction of the Red Sea, the Gulf of Aden and the Great Rift Valley of East Africa centered in the Afar Triangle is an example of a triple junction.


  1. He expects the pressure that the magma is placing on the rift to first trigger an earthquake, followed by an eruption. (Web site)
  2. The eruption lasted five days producing lava fountains, cascades of lava into Halemaumau, flows which crossed the road, and new cracks in the rift zone. (Web site)
  3. Again, an eruption began on the floor of the caldera and migrated into the southwest rift zone. (Web site)


  1. Eruptions at Kilauea originate primarily from the summit caldera or along one of the lengthy E and SW rift zones that extend from the caldera to the sea.
  2. Eruptions generally occur in three regions on the mountain: at the summit and in two rift zones extending northeast and southwest of the summit.
  3. About 38% of eruptions in the last two hundred years have occurred at the summit, 31% in the northeast rift zone, and 25% in the southwest rift zone.


  1. The matter finally came to a head in February of 1855, when, in an attempt to seal the rift, Runkle and his companions planned a dinner for their brothers.
  2. Dinner and overnight will take place on top of the Great Rift Valley, overlooking Lake Manyara.
  3. After lunch at Rift Valley Academy, return to the hotel in Nairobi for dinner and overnight.


  1. After an early breakfast & morning game drive, return to Nairobi via the Rift Valley.
  2. After an early breakfast you drive to the Rift Valley Lodge near Lake Naivasha, arrive in time for lunch and spend the rest of the afternoon at leisure. (Web site)
  3. After breakfast we cross the Rift Valley to either lake Naivasha or Lake Nakuru.


  1. Liquids > Water > Valleys > Rift Valley
  2. Continents > Africa > East Africa > Kenya
  3. Places > Earth > Continents > Continent
  4. Magma
  5. Crust

Related Keywords

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  Originally created: August 01, 2010.
  Links checked: February 06, 2013.
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