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  Encyclopedia of Keywords > Bottle > Sediment   Michael Charnine

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  1. A sediment is a natural deposit created by the action of dynamic external agents such as water, wind, and ice.
  2. Sediment is the natural separation of bitartrates, tannins, and color pigments that occurs as wines age and may indicate a wine of superior maturity.
  3. Sediment is composed of tannins and pigments that precipitate out of solution and is not a flaw in the wine.
  4. Sediment is more common in older bottles but younger wines benefit more from the aeration.
  5. Sediment is now obstructed by the Aswan High Dam and retained in Lake Nasser.

Fine Sediment

  1. These include the labial palp-feeding nuculoids, which are small clams found today in deep water and fine sediment.
  2. In the quite water of swamps, lakes and lagoons, fine sediment is deposited, mingled with organic material from dead plants and animals.


  1. The products of those alteration processes are then deposited as sediment and eventually undergo lithification to become sedimentary rocks.
  2. Authigenic crystals form after the deposition of the original sediment, and either before, during, or after the processes of compaction and lithification.
  3. One of the processes that work together to turn sediment into sedimentary rock (lithification).

Loose Sediment

  1. Another unexpected hazard is SILT, or loose sediment that is found on all underwater cave floors and walls.


  1. At this point disgorging, the expelling of the frozen plug of sediment and any solids still left in the wine, takes place.

Pacific Ocean

  1. Before the Glen Canyon Dam was built the Colorado River used to carry three cubic miles of sediment into the Pacific Ocean every hundred years.


  1. The researchers say that fragments of sand and sediment on the skeleton indicate that it came from an area of northeastern China rich in fossils.


  1. Several processes, including compaction of grains, filling of spaces between grains with mineral cement, and crystallization act to solidify sediment.


  1. Laminar flow is characteristic of low velocities, and particles of sediment in the flow zones are moved by rolling or SALTATION.
  2. As an extreme case to reflect the viscous effect on sediment transport, sediment transport in laminar flows is considered in this paper.


  1. This includes the study of sediment and soils, and is important to some (or many) studies in geomorphology, sedimentology, and paleoclimatology.
  2. Wind results in the transportation of fine sediment and the formation of sand dune fields and soils from airborne dust.


  1. The coalified fossils were extracted from the sediment by sieving in water and cleaned with hydrochloric and hydrofluoric acid, and water.


  1. If there is continued deposition of sediment, a sequence of soil fossils will form, especially after the retreat of glaciers during the Holocene.
  2. Besides transport by water, sediment can in continental environments also be transported by wind or glaciers.

Aging Process

  1. Sediment - In red wines, the deposit or residue that can accumulate in the bottle during the aging process.


  1. First: It is a method by which cellar-aged bottled wine with loose sediment can be freed from the sediment for drinking.


  1. This is a cementing mineral which often precipitate from solutions percolating through the sediment before it becomes solidified by the cement.
  2. When layers of loose sediment are buried and pressed down under more layers, the particles slowly cement together and lithify (form rock).


  1. Skilled workers then invert each bottle as they uncap it, releasing a small amount of wine as the plug of frozen sediment flies out.
  2. Subsequently, the neck is frozen in brine, and the caps then swiftly removed so the sediment blows right out of the bottle.
  3. Remuage causes the sediment to settle in the neck of bottles where it is frozen and popped out.

Long Periods

  1. Viruses can remain viable for long periods of time in seawater and have been shown to survive as long as 17 months in marine sediment (Goyal et al., 1984).


  1. Lack of oxygen causes a release of massive amounts of phosphorus and nitrogen from the sediment into the water.
  2. Phosphorus - ((P) A key nutrient in the Bay's ecosystem, phosphorus occurs in dissolved organic and inorganic forms, often attached to particles of sediment.


  1. Filtration: Aged wines, primarily reds, may have some sediment which should be removed before serving.
  2. Sediment: The fine deposits which may develop in some aged wines.


  1. For old reds the process separates wine from its sediment and revives dormant flavors; for young reds decanting helps open up the fruit and soften tannins.

Ocean Floor

  1. Sediment on the ocean floor will often be scraped by the subducting plate.
  2. The ocean floor acts like a huge conveyor belt, transporting sea floor crust and accumulated sediment to subduction zones.


  1. The mass of sediment in the ocean is not unexpectedly low, nor is the mass of the continents above sea level unexpectedly high.
  2. While sediment quietly accumulated along the passive coast of Washington, the continents were assembling into yet another giant supercontinent.
  3. Rock age and deposited sediment depth increased away from the ridge, toward the continents.


  1. Sedimentary rocks are formed as particles of sediment settle out of air, ice, or water flows carrying the particles in suspension.


  1. Streams carry billions of tons of sediment to lower elevations, and thus are one of the main transporting mediums in the production of sedimentary rocks.
  2. Terrigenous material is often supplied by nearby rivers and streams or reworked marine sediment (e.g.
  3. Most streams that receive more sediment load than they can carry become braided.


  1. Clay refers to a soft sediment or deposit that is plastic when wet and comprised of very fine-grained materials, mainly hydrous aluminum silicates.


  1. When the continent is far away, the amount of such sediment brought in may be small, and biochemical processes dominate the type of rock that forms.
  2. About half the oceanic sediment descends with the subducting plate; the other half is piled up against the continent.
  3. Wedges of accumulated sediment from the continent up to a few kilometers deep are very orderly and pretty much undistorted.

Oceanic Crust

  1. The faulted crust transitions into oceanic crust and may be deeply buried due to thermal subsidence and the mass of sediment that collects above it.
  2. OK, the subduction zone was going down the hatch, but the sediment on top of the oceanic crust was getting scraped off.
  3. Sediment thickness increases in both directions away of the ridge, and is thickest where the oceanic crust is the oldest.


  1. Windblown sand, as well as the Okavango River depositing increasing amounts of sediment and debris in the lake, were gradually filling the lake.
  2. Both river channels have been choked by sediment left behind by debris flows triggered by the 1987 Reventador earthquakes.
  3. Large amounts of debris are incorporated by these glaciers, including boulders, fractured bedrock slabs, and rafts of frozen sediment.


  1. Sediment - Yeast material at the bottom of the bottle formed as a result of conditioning the beer in the bottle.
  2. Yeasty -- Yeastlike flavor; a result of yeast in suspension or beer sitting too long on sediment.
  3. Sediment in wine, beer, Turkish coffee or other beverages is known as dregs.


  1. This is generally done to separate the wine from any sediment deposited in the bottom of the bottle during the aging process.
  2. Once the particles sink, the wine can be racked or filtered to separate it from this sediment.


  1. The composition of a sandstone can have important information regarding the genesis of the sediment when used with QFL diagrams.


  1. Limestone is produced from the mineral calcite (calcium carbonate) and sediment.
  2. A rock resulting from the consolidation of loose sediment that has accumulated in layers (e.g., sandstone, siltstone, limestone).
  3. Much of the surface of Florida is covered by sediment (loose mineral particles, such as quartz sand), or sedimentary rocks such as limestone and dolostone.

Sparkling Wine

  1. The wine is then usually racked over the sediment or, in the case of sparkling wine, disgorged.
  2. Disgorgement: A phase in the conventional manner of making sparkling wine wherein the frozen sediment is taken out from the neck of the bottle instead.
  3. The process of removing the sediment from sparkling wine as the final step of the method champenoise.

Second Fermentation

  1. When this second fermentation and resting period are over, the yeast and sediment must be removed from the bottle.


  1. The wine is cleared of sediment and bottled under pressure, directly from the tank.


  1. Conversely, quilted fossils tend to decompose after the cementation of the overlying sediment; hence their upper surfaces are preserved.


  1. After aging (a minimum from one and a half to three years), the sediment (lees) must be consolidated for removal.
  2. Removal of scale and sediment may be facilitated by scraping, hammering with a nonferrous mallet, or using a nonferrous chain as a srubber.
  3. Topping up: The small amount of wine which is lost during the removal of the sediment must now be replaced.


  1. East of the subduction zone, a basin was filling with sediment from the ancestral Sierra further to the east.
  2. Much of this sediment is trapped in basins in the basin and ridge province, but some reaches the floor of the Puerto Rico Trench in the form of turbidites.


  1. During winemaking, moving wine by hose from one barrel or tank to another, leaving sediment behind.
  2. To pour wine from its bottle into a larger container without leaving any sediment behind, also to allow a wine breathe.
  3. We want the wine to be free of any sediment, leaving it clear and brilliant.


  1. In the making of champagne and other sparkling wines, an operation for shifting the deposit or sediment onto the cork of the bottle.
  2. Once the cork is removed, the relief in pressure causes the plug of frozen sediment to push out of the bottle.
  3. The sediment formed is collected on the cork by tilting the bottle neck downward and frequently rotating it by hand.


  1. Pumping wine from one container to another to clarify it by leaving the sediment behind.
  2. RACKING: The practice of moving wine by hose from one container to another, leaving sediment behind.

Igneous Rock

  1. These processes move rock material through the states of metamorphic rock, igneous rock, sedimentary rock, melts and sediment.


  1. A sediment flow is a mixture of rock, regolith with some water.
  2. Loose particles of rock or mineral (sediment) that range in size from 64 - 256 millimeters in diameter.
  3. This rock was originally deposited as sediment at the bottom of the Iapetus Ocean.


  1. Before serving, the bottle is shaken to mix the sediment and turn the sake white or cloudy.
  2. Some wines deposit their sediment quickly, but other wines remain cloudy for long periods.

Sensory Evaluation

  1. Appearance: A term used in sensory evaluation of wine to describe whether a wine is crystal clear (brilliant), cloudy, or contains sediment.

Warning Signal

  1. Fine for old wines with sediment, but it can be a warning signal of protein instability, yeast spoilage or re-fermentation in the bottle in younger wines.

Natural Origin

  1. The arsenic in the groundwater is of natural origin, and is released from the sediment into the groundwater due to the anoxic conditions of the subsurface.


  1. Bottle
  2. Matter > Materials > Rocks > Sedimentary Rocks
  3. Deposition
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  Originally created: August 01, 2010.
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