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  Encyclopedia of Keywords > Seizures > Seizure   Michael Charnine

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    This Review contains major "Seizure"- related terms, short phrases and links grouped together in the form of Encyclopedia article.


  1. A seizure is a sudden change in behavior due to abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
  2. A seizure is the physical findings or changes in behavior that occur after an episode of abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
  3. A seizure is a temporary abnormal electro-physiologic phenomenon of the brain, resulting in abnormal synchronization of electrical neuronal activity.
  4. A seizure is a sudden disruption of the brain's normal electrical activity, which can cause a loss of consciousness and make the body twitch and jerk.
  5. A seizure is a general term for a sudden attack.


  1. In any case, there is substantial overlap between carbamazepine concentrations associated with seizure control and those associated with toxicity.
  2. If an optimal outcome is to be achieved, the dosage should be the minimum required to produce seizure freedom without unacceptable toxicity.


  1. Lennox-Gastaut syndrome is a seizure (epilepsy) disorder which is commonly associated with behavioural and mental health problems.
  2. Seizures in the anterior frontal regions may be associated with head and eye turning, typically away from the side of origin of the seizure.
  3. Sumatriptan should be used with caution in patients with a history of epilepsy or conditions associated with a lowered seizure threshold.


  1. Video EEGs also document what the patient was doing when the seizure occurred and how the seizure changed his behavior.
  2. People who witness a non-convulsive seizure often find it difficult to understand that behavior which looks deliberate is not under the persons control.
  3. Some studies have found greater problems with behavior and thinking in children taking phenobarbital than in children taking other seizure medicines.


  1. A complete profile of the dog and seizure(s) is necessary to rule out other conditions which may manifest itself in seizures.
  2. If a dog is started on treatment after the first seizure, it will be impossible to evaluate the overall seizure pattern.
  3. If it is not over within five minutes, the dog is said to be in status epilepticus (prolonged seizure).

Seizure Severity

  1. The primary measures of effectiveness were the percent reduction in drop attacks and a parental global rating of seizure severity.


  1. In some patients, VNS appears to lessen seizure severity, abort seizures with on-demand stimulation, and improve mood and alertness.
  2. The seizure severity showed improvement in the first 12 months of treatment.
  3. We report our experience with VNS in children with refractory epilepsy and emphasize the positive effects of VNS in terms of seizure severity.

Cerebral Cortex

  1. Partial seizures are those in which the seizure activity is restricted to discrete areas of the cerebral cortex.
  2. Epilepsy is a recurrent seizure disorder caused by abnormal electrical discharges from brain cells, often in the cerebral cortex.
  3. The most likely explanation for the development of seizure disorder is the presence of associated malformations of the cerebral cortex.


  1. Alcohol may cause increased sedation or drowsiness, and increase the risk of having a seizure.

Side Effects

  1. One of the side effects of oxygen toxicity is a seizure.
  2. Seizure frequency, seizure severity, changes in quality of life (QOL: visual analogue scale), and side effects were recorded.
  3. Of the 42 patients discontinuing treatment, 17 had no seizure reduction, 17 had side effects, and 8 had both.


  1. Although proven effective for depression, ECT entails risks associated with a seizure, occasional memory loss, and general anesthesia, which is required.
  2. Another reason to individualize treatment is the risk of coexisting medical conditions, such as heart disease, depression, anxiety, and seizure disorder.
  3. Possible areas of study for DBS are in seizure disorders, multiple sclerosis, paralysis, obsessive-compulsive disorders, and depression.


  1. When the seizure ends the person can have headache, sore muscles, unusual sensations, confusion, and profound fatigue (postictal state).
  2. A brief period of confusion known as a postictal state may sometimes follow a seizure occurring in the frontal lobes.
  3. The various terms used to denote seizure types and epilepsy syndromes can be a source of confusion for clinicians who are not familiar with this topic.


  1. In 1740 the seizure of Silesia by Friedrich II of Prussia began the War of the Austrian Succession, which ended in 1748.


  1. In those with brain infections, patients may develop chronic brain syndrome, Seizure s, neurological deficits, stroke, or hydrocephalus.
  2. Information booklet on seizures, seizure disorders, and epilepsy compiled by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS).


  1. DO NOT place anything between the person's teeth during a seizure (including your fingers).
  2. During a temporal lobe seizure, you may smack your lips, swallow repeatedly or pick at things with your fingers.


  1. Some people with certain types of seizures may be able to reduce or completely stop their seizure medicines after having no seizures for several years.
  2. A seizure can last from a few seconds to status epilepticus, a continuous seizure that will not stop without intervention.
  3. Stopping a seizure medicine suddenly in a patient who has epilepsy can cause seizures that will not stop (status epilepticus).


  1. A writ issued by a judge authorizing an officer to make an arrest, a seizure, or a search, or to do other acts incident to the administration of justice.
  2. A diplomatic bag is a shipping container having diplomatic immunity from search or seizure.
  3. To hold the search to be justified because the seizure was justified is to permit the tail to wag the dog.

Febrile Seizures

  1. Febrile seizures recur in one third of patients, and half of these experience a third seizure.
  2. Patients with a history of prolonged febrile seizures had more severe thalamic atrophy ipsilateral to the seizure focus than those without febrile seizures.

Family History

  1. These seizures are more commonly seen in children between 6 months and 6 years of age and there may be a family history of this type of seizure.
  2. Any history of a seizure or epilepsy or a family history of epilespy 8.


  1. Reisman sees the seizure of such land as the theft of the product of labor and has said that "Mutualism claims to oppose the exploitation of labor, i.e.
  2. During a prolonged seizure, the person is defenseless and may become a victim of theft.

Absence Seizure

  1. Sometimes, the only clue that a person is having an absence seizure is rapid blinking or a few seconds of staring into space.
  2. Occurring most often in children, absence seizure may look like the person is merely staring into space for a few seconds.
  3. During an absence seizure, a child is temporarily unaware of what is happening around him or her.


  1. Also, a person is fully alert after an absence seizure and may continue with whatever he or she was doing before the seizure as though nothing has happened.
  2. The term "seizure" refers to the specific neurological event, such as an absence seizure or a tonic-clonic seizure.
  3. Unlike most other types of seizures, there usually is no confusion or recovery period after an absence seizure.


  1. Because the seizure starts in only a part of the brain, an underlying disease or injury is highly suspected.
  2. During a seizure, it is important to protect the person from injury.

Brain Injury

  1. Brain injury may result in seizure disorders.
  2. Electroencephalography (EEG). EEGs often are used to detect conditions that affect brain function, such as epilepsy, seizure disorders, and brain injury.
  3. Seizures within the first 2 weeks of a brain injury do not necessarily mean that a chronic seizure disorder will develop.


  1. Patients with tumors of the hemispheric convexities often present with a seizure or progressive hemiparesis.
  2. This brain damage can have different causes, such as head trauma, tumors, cerebrovascular accidents, or seizure disorders.
  3. This may include medical treatment of seizure disorders like epilepsy, surgical removal of tumors or brain lesions, and other treatments as needed.


  1. Musicco M, Beghi E, Solari A, Viani F. Treatment of first tonic-clonic seizure does not improve the prognosis of epilepsy.
  2. Walker et Sander 1996 Walker MC, Sander JW. The impact of new antiepileptic drugs on the prognosis of epilepsy: seizure freedom should be the ultimate goal.
  3. Prognosis for seizure control and social adjustment is poor.


  1. Seizure. Sudden loss of brain function with full recovery within 24 hours (transient ischaemic attack).


  1. This type of seizure is associated with fever.
  2. A febrile seizure is a convulsion in a child triggered by a fever.
  3. Uncommon symptoms include: fever, swollen lymph glands, seizure, psychoses, and Raynaud's Phenomenon (fingers turn blue or white in the cold).


  1. Most commonly the seizure of property to furnish security for a debt in connection with a pending action.
  2. Attachment - Legal seizure of property to force payment of a debt.
  3. In such cases the debt was attached to the property and a seizure order issued so the buyer ended up paying anyway, or risked losing the property.


  1. The endpoint of the trial was completing 10 days of treatment or the occurrence of a fourth seizure.
  2. The prognosis for the patient depends upon the effects of the seizure, not the occurrence of the paralysis.
  3. Because the causes for most types of seizure disorder are varied, the occurrence of epilepsy in children born to epileptic parents varies.


  1. Depending on the symptoms, doctors may try seizure medicine, physical therapy, or other treatments.
  2. Some doctors will advise people with epilepsy to discontinue their antiepileptic drugs after two years have passed without a seizure.
  3. Patients, especially those with depression, seizure disorders, or liver problems, should discuss treatment with Rebif(R) with their doctors.


  1. Before you take hydroxyzine, tell your doctor if you have a seizure disorder, liver disease, or kidney disease.
  2. This may help prevent kidney stones.Talk to your doctor before stopping Zonegran or any other seizure medicine.
  3. All patients or caregivers, however, should contact their doctor after a seizure occurs.


  1. Drugs such as gabapentin (Neurontin), carbamazepine (Tegretol) and phenytoin (Dilantin) were originally developed to treat seizure disorders (epilepsy).
  2. Other drugs are commonly used to abort an active seizure or interrupt a seizure flurry; these include diazepam (Valium, Diastat) and lorazepam (Ativan).
  3. Use with caution in adrenal or thyroid disorders or with anticoagulants, or drugs, herbs or supplements for diabetes, heart disease, seizure, or stroke.


  1. Abrupt withdrawal may result in increased seizure frequency or status epilepticus; withdraw zonisamide gradually and reduce dosage slowly.
  2. After 2 months of treatment, 51 patients remained on zonisamide, 18 (35.3%) of whom demonstrated a or =50% reduction in seizure frequency.
  3. Zonisamide is clinically effective against multiple seizure types in a significant proportion of children with epilepsy across a broad age range.


  1. Spasms occur for about 30 seconds to a minute as the seizure enters the clonic phase, when the muscles begin to alternate between relaxation and rigidity.
  2. After the seizure there is frequently a weakness for a variable length of time of muscles which were active in the seizure.
  3. An atonic seizure is a sudden loss of muscle tone in the muscles that hold the body and head upright.


  1. During a seizure, neurons may fire as many as 500 times a second, much faster than the normal rate of about 80 times a second.
  2. Zonisamide also inhibits low-threshold T-type calcium channels in neurons, which may prevent the spread of seizure discharge across cells.
  3. However, if all of your neurons began firing at once, you would not become smarter, but instead suffer an epileptic seizure.


  1. If naloxone is to be administered, use cautiously because it may precipitate seizures (see WARNINGS, Seizure Risk and OVERDOSAGE).
  2. For people who did have a second seizure, the risk of a third seizure was about 73 percent on average by the end of 4 years.
  3. Low brain levels of the neurotransmitter gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) are associated with an increased risk of seizure recurrence.


  1. Before the onset of a seizure some people experience a sensation or warning called an "aura".
  2. An unusual sensation or emotion, known as an aura, may precede a temporal lobe seizure, acting as a warning.


  1. Your doctor will also check to see if there is another cause of your symptoms, such as a seizure, migraine headache, or Bell's palsy.
  2. Other symptoms include headache, vomiting and seizure.
  3. In some cases, people may have symptoms that look very much like a seizure but in fact are nonepileptic events caused by other disorders.


  1. Some patients are deprived of sleep or exposed to seizure triggers, such as rapid, deep breathing (hyperventilation) or flashing lights (photic stimulation).
  2. It is normal for children to sleep or be briefly drowsy or confused immediately following a seizure.
  3. There is a high occurrence rate of this seizure when the child is awakening, or when they are trying to go to sleep.

Seizure Focus

  1. In people with temporal lobe epilepsy, the area where the seizures start - called the seizure focus - is located within the temporal lobe.
  2. Seizures can produce a variety of symptoms, depending on the location of the seizure focus and the spread of the electrical activity through the brain.
  3. For example, in temporal lobe epilepsy, patients may have a seizure focus in the hippocampi bilaterally.

Common Type

  1. Partial seizures affect up to 60% of people with a seizure disorder, making them the most common type, and are very difficult to control.
  2. One common type of seizure emergency is called status epilepticus (SE). SE may be defined as a prolonged seizure lasting anywhere between 10 and 30 minutes.


  1. Some neurological symptoms such as drowsiness, seizure and coma may occur.

Impaired Consciousness

  1. He had another less frequent type of seizure, with staring, rapid eye blinking, and impaired consciousness for a few seconds.

Simple Partial Seizures

  1. These are usually simple partial seizures and are localized based on what part of the body has movement at the onset of the seizure.


  1. They usually begin with an SPS, but then the seizure spreads to a large portion of the temporal lobe and impairs consciousness.
  2. They usually begin with an SPS, but then the seizure spreads to a larger portion of the temporal lobe resulting in impaired consciousness.


  1. You can not stop a seizure, but you can help the patient prevent serious injury.
  2. Treatment may include the administration of anticonvulsant medications to help manage seizure activity.
  3. This recording can help the doctor see telltale patterns in the brain's electrical activity that suggest a seizure disorder.


  1. Seizures
  2. Humans > Health > Diseases > Epilepsy
  3. Nervous System > Central Nervous System > Cerebrum > Temporal Lobe
  4. Type
  5. Humans > Medicine > Anatomy > Brain

Related Keywords

    * Abnormal Electrical * Aura * Brain * Brain Waves * Child * Children * Complex Partial Seizure * Complex Partial Seizures * Consciousness * Convulsion * Convulsions * Diagnosis * Disorder * Electrical * Electrical Stimulation * Epilepsy * Experience * Focal * Generalized * Generalized Seizure * Grand Mal Seizure * Headache * Important Predictor * Medication * Medications * Minutes * Nausea * Onset * Partial * Partial Seizure * Patient * Patients * People * Person * Personal Safety * Power * Result * Seconds * Seizures * Seizure Medication * Seizure Onset * Seizure Type * Stimulation * Temporal Lobe * Temporal Lobe Seizure * Treatment * Type * Unusual Sensations * Vagal Nerve Stimulation * Weakness
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  Originally created: March 09, 2007.
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