Review of Short Phrases and Links|
This Review contains major "Smooth Muscle"- related terms, short phrases and links grouped together in the form of Encyclopedia article.
- Smooth muscle is much less abundant.
- Smooth muscle is an involuntary non- striated muscle.
- Smooth muscle is present continuously around the bronchi.
- Smooth muscle is predominantly under the control of autonomic nervous system.
- The smooth muscle is responsible for movement of food by peristalsis and mechanical digestion by segmentation.
- This inhibitory effect may be due to prevention of mediator release rather than direct effects on smooth muscle [ 104].
- Cells here provide the first of 2 neurons general visceral efferent fibers that supply smooth muscle and glands.
- The ciliary muscle is composed of meridianal and circular fibers of smooth muscle.
- The smooth muscle of the midgut and the dorsal mesentery of the large and small intestines develop from splanchnic mesoderm.
- Calcium is needed for smooth muscle relaxation and contraction; increased consumption can have a direct effect on blood vessels.
- Inhibitory effect and synergism of cernitin pollen extract on the urethral smooth muscle and diaphragm of the rat.
- In the corpora cavernosa, skeletal muscle contains and supports smooth muscle, which is an essential element in the sinusoids.
- Smooth muscle often tends to contract rhythmically, is coupled by numerous gap junctions, and often exhibits spontaneous action potentials.
- In muscular arteries, smooth muscle becomes the predominant constituent of the tunica media.
- Diabetes mellitus - between two and four times increased risk of PVD by causing endothelial and smooth muscle cell dysfunction in peripheral arteries.
- Peppermint oil exerts an antispasmodic action on smooth muscle, considered to be caused by calcium channel blockade.
- Taylor BA, Luscombe DK, Duthie HL. Inhibitory effect of peppermint on gastrointestinal smooth muscle [abstract].
- Striated muscle contracts and relaxes in short, intense bursts, whereas smooth muscle sustains longer or even near-permanent contractions.
- This tumor can arise from any tissue that contains smooth muscle cells, but most commonly from the uterus.
- Another form of tumor associated with tuberous sclerosis is angiomyolipoma, a benign tumor made up of fat, blood vessels and smooth muscle cells.
- Furthermore, ACE2 was present in arterial and venous endothelial cells and arterial smooth muscle cells in all organs studied.
- Policosanol has additional beneficial properties such as effects on smooth muscle cell proliferation, platelet aggregation, and LDL peroxidation.
- We studied the effect of policosanol on smooth muscle cell proliferation in the cuffed carotid artery of the rabbit.
- Regional variations in cellular characteristic in human lumbar intervertebral discs, including the presence of smooth muscle actin.
- Staining for S100 protein and smooth muscle actin were positive, indicating these cells were myoepithelial in origin.
- Leiomyosarcoma is a malignant (cancerous) tumor that arises from smooth muscle tissue.
- Although LAM cells are regarded as atypical smooth muscle cells, they lack the cytologic atypia of leiomyosarcoma.
- It is the axon of the second neuron that extends to cardiac muscle cells, smooth muscle cells, or the gland cells that it innervates.
- Nitric oxide An important molecule that regulates functions such as smooth muscle tone.
- Gut pain thresholds and smooth muscle tone, measured with a barostat and balloon inflation tests, were unchanged following treatment.
- This consists of an epithelium, the lamina propria underneath, and a thin bit of smooth muscle called the muscularis mucosae.
- Detrusor, the bladder muscle, is made of three layers of smooth muscle.
- The uterus, composed of three layers of smooth muscle, is situated in the lower pelvic part of the abdomen.
- Tissue factor expression in human arterial smooth muscle cells: TF is present in three cellular pools after growth factor stimulation.
- Homocysteine and the production of collagens, proliferation and apoptosis in human arterial smooth muscle cells.
- This gives the appearance of 3 layers of smooth muscle: An outer longitudinal layer; A middle circular layer; And an inner longitudinal layer.
- Elastic lamellae and smooth muscle cells are imbedded in a matrix that is rich in proteoglycans, which are formed of disaccharides bound to protein.
- The muscle layer becomes the dominant structure and is composed of smooth muscle and elastic fibers.
- The epithelium is supported by a thin collagenous layer in which smooth muscle and some elastic fibers are found.
- Similarly, vasopressin receptors in the kidney and vascular smooth muscle have been targeted for the treatment of heart failure and other diseases.
- The amlodipine component of Caduet inhibits the transmembrane influx of calcium ions into vascular smooth muscle and cardiac muscle.
- Smooth muscle cells are spindle-shaped and each contains a single nucleus.
- The glans is made up of spindle-shaped cells, and in the body there are two corpora cavernosa, in the walls of which are smooth muscle fibers.
- Smooth muscle fibers are spindle-shaped, not striated, and generally are arranged in dense sheets.
- Ciliary muscle: Smooth muscle fibers intermixed with melanocytes.
- The smooth muscle layer is thick and forms the internal anal sphincter at the superior end of the anal canal.
- A heterogenous disorder caused by a variety of abnormalities of smooth muscle or myenteric plexus.
- Early studies with nonphysiological high homocysteine levels showed a variety of deleterious effects on endothelial or smooth muscle cells in culture.
- Magnesium, also present in every cell, is necessary for carbohydrate and protein metabolism, cell reproduction, and smooth muscle action.
- Hills J. The mechanism of action of peppermint oil on gastrointestinal smooth muscle.
- DMSO increased the response of the smooth muscle of the stomach to both muscle and nerve stimulations.
- Diabetes can also affect GI motility through changes in intestinal smooth muscle or alterations in extrinsic neuronal control.
- A vasodilator is a substance that causes blood vessels in the body to become wider by relaxing the smooth muscle in the vessel wall, or vasodilation.
- However, no studies exist investigating the reactivity of vascular smooth muscle to relaxing and contracting agents in experimental model of pancreatitis.
- During ejaculation the smooth muscle in the walls of the vas deferens contracts reflexively, thus propelling the sperm forward.
- The prostate differentiates from these cells and the associated mesenchyme differentiates into its dense stroma and smooth muscle.
- The dynamic component of BPH is associated with an increase in smooth muscle tone in the prostate and bladder neck.
- Layers of circular and longitudinal smooth muscle enable the digested food to be pushed along the ileum by waves of muscle contractions called peristalsis.
- The detrusor muscle is a layer of the urinary bladder wall made of smooth muscle fibers arranged in spiral, longitudinal, and circular bundles.
- The teat canal is surrounded by bundles of smooth muscle fibres, longitudinal as well as circular.
- Beneath the epithelium is a thin fibromuscular coat, usually consisting of an inner circular layer and an outer longitudinal layer of smooth muscle.
- A second layer of elastic fibers, the external elastic lamina, is located beneath the smooth muscle.
- The middle layer (tunica media) is mostly smooth muscle cells.
- This "middle layer" is made up of smooth muscle cells and elastic tissue.
- Note the large amount of circularly arranged smooth muscle in the media of the muscular arteries.
- The middle layer, or media, is comprised of smooth muscle.
- In this assay, the ability of heat-labile toxin to induce contraction of vascular smooth muscle cells is measured.
- Amlodipine inhibits calcium ion influx across cell membranes selectively, with a greater effect on vascular smooth muscle cells than on cardiac muscle cells.
- Vascular smooth muscle cells also try to curtail the injury by producing collagen, which forms a cap over the injury site.
- Circulating TF resides in microparticles that can be shed from leukocytes, endothelial cells, vascular smooth muscle cells, and platelets [ 4, 6].
- The smooth muscle cells have an increased permeability to platelets and lipids, especially low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol.
- Smooth muscle or "involuntary muscle" is found within structures such as the intestines, throat and blood vessels.
- Bradykinin: A small protein that relaxes the smooth muscle in blood vessel walls and activates pain receptors.
- Skeletal Muscle
- Time > History > Castles > Walls
* Autonomic Nervous System
* Blood Vessel
* Blood Vessels
* Cardiac Muscle
* Digestive Tract
* Gastrointestinal Tract
* Lamina Propria
* Reticular Fibers
* Skeletal Muscle
* Small Intestine
* Smooth Muscle Cell
* Smooth Muscle Cells
* Striated Muscle
* Tunica Media
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